🍒 Doubling Down in Blackjack Is a Good Bet

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When to double down in blackjack | Optimal 21 strategy guide
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Doubling Down in Blackjack Is a Good Bet
Blackjack Mistakes to Avoid

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Doubling Down in Blackjack - Big Fish Blog
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How to play Blackjack at DoubleDown Casino – DoubleDown Casino Support
Most people who are not completely familiar with blackjack could be forgiven for thinking the only options you have in the game are to hit or to stand.
This is not the case — in fact, there are several options of how you can proceed in blackjack, depending on what cards are dealt.
One of those options is doubling or doubling down.
Doubling in blackjack is a strategy employed by player when they deem the total of their hand leaves them in a favourable position blackjack 155 handle beat the dealer.
How to double In order to double down, https://yournaughtystory.com/blackjack/bovegas-casinomeister.html must place a bet equal to your original wager in exchange for one more, and only one more, card to be dealt to your hand.
The majority of games only allow a double down to take place immediately after the player has been dealt his or her first two cards.
By hitting and not doubling after being dealt the first two cards, the option to double down thereafter is forfeited.
There are however a few online blackjack variants which do allow a player to double down at any time throughout the hand, even after being dealt three or four cards, though these can only be played by international players only Australians cannot gamble online as of September 2017 due to the Interactive Gambling Amendment Bill.
If players double and win their hand, they receive a 1:1 payout of their new total bet.
There is a right way and a wrong way to go about doubling down.
This article will run through the situations where a player should double to maximise their profits.
If you are dealt a two-card soft hand, this places you in a more favourable position to double as a two-card hard hand of the same total.
But what is the difference between a hard and a soft hand?
A hard hand is a hand without an Ace or with link Ace which must be valued at one in order to avoid busting.
A basic quiz blackjack strategy hand is hand with an Ace, with more info Ace holding the flexibility of being used as either 11 points or one point.
If dealt, for example, a 10 and a Five, it is unadvisable to double blackjack hands to double down on />However, if you are dealt an Blackjack hands to double down on and a Four which totals either vive or 15, the threat of busting is not a factor and you are in a strong position to double and better your total.
Doubling down is however, absolutely dependent on what the dealer is showing.
The card the dealer is the main contributing factor in your decision to double down.
Certain cards will give the dealer a better position to draw near to or to 21.
Lower cards lean towards a dealer bust, thus giving the player a better shot blackjack hands to double down on double.
When to double on hard hands The following situations lend themselves to good double down opportunities.
Note that slight strategic shifts are necessary depending on the format of blackjack being played European or Americanand the rules employed.
Note, if the game does not allow players to double on a soft 18 total, players should therefor stand.
Many players are reluctant to double down as they are not willing to risk doubling their bet.
However, doubling can be very profitable and you should take advantage of the situation when the time is right.
Follow sound strategy and you can significantly improve your odds of winning and trumping any run of bad luck.
Taking advantage of doubling when the correct opportunity presents itself not only puts the player in a position of power, but it lowers the house odds, too.
Note: Being able to double after splitting a hand reduces the house edge by about 0.
Where to play online blackjack The following online casinos are all compatible with mobile and tablet devices, are regulated, licensed and are legally available for overseas players in countries where online gambling is legal to play at blackjack hands to double down on real money.

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Blackjack Hand 10 or 11 - Viable Moves, Doubling Down and Situations to Avoid
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Ask the Dealer: What Does “Split” and “Double Down” Mean in Blackjack?
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Blackjack Doubling Down Strategy | Mr Green Casino
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When to double down in blackjack and when not to
Winning at blackjack requires taking advantage of every opportunity the game offers, and one blackjack hands to double down on the most favorable situations for the player is the double down.
When you double down, you get to double your please click for source wager in exchange for a single card.
Most casinos allow you to double down on any two cards, while some casinos limit your doubling to hands that total 10 or 11.
Some casinos even allow players to double down after splitting a pair.
Whenever you can, play where the rules are best.
On a shoe game with eight decks where you can double on anything, the house edge is a little more than half of 1 percent.
By usingyou can determine when you should double down based on the mathematics of the game.
Doubling down is so favorable because you are doubling your bet when you have the best opportunity of beating the dealer.
Most of the time, this is when the dealer is at their weakest, such as having an up card of 2 through 6, 6 being the weakest.
When the dealer must hit, they will bust more times with 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6 showing, so your double down will be most successful against these cards.
There are other situations in which blackjack table top uk will double down with a 10 against the dealer's 9 or an 11 against a dealer's 10.
These are close calls, and some newer players hesitate to do this.
In the long run, however, you will earn more by doubling down than by just hitting because you get to wager more.
Some players hesitate to double down because they are afraid of losing more money.
If makes you sweat, then you are playing with table stakes higher than you should be.
Most casinos will let you double down for less than your original bet, providing it meets click here table minimum.
You only double in favorable situations, and it blackjack latino to your advantage to double for the maximum.
If it's available, you might also consider playingwhere the casino puts up the double down wager for you.
Double down hands are likely to make or break you during your evening, as there will be times when you run into a bad streak of cards.
It can be frustrating, but negative fluctuations do occur.
If you are a new player and this happens, you might be tempted to deviate from correct strategy and skip your double downs.
That would be a mistake blackjack hands to double down on your bankroll is too small to continue.
Doubling down is extremely profitable for the player, and it is factored into the figures that are computed for the house edge.
Seize the moment and double down when you can.
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Double Down In Blackjack & When To Use It!
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The Basic Strategy for the Blackjack Game
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The Basic Strategy for the Blackjack Game
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Doubling Down in Blackjack - Big Fish Blog
Hello, readers of SuperCasinoSites!
My name is Dan Howard.
I am one of the co-writers at this website and a person with a vast experience in playing roulette online and offline.
I have helped review many of the web-based casinos and roulette variations you can read about at SuperCasinoSites, with a focus on providing you with accurate information that can help you in finding the best casino websites.
Inexperienced players often wonder how is it possible to win at blackjack in the long term when their probability of winning a hand in a fair game is approximately 44%.
One way to increase your action in favorable situations is to double down, in which case you post an extra bet that should be equal in size to your initial stake.
In exchange, you get one additional card and are no longer able to hit your hand.
The dealer would either tuck the extra card under your chips in pitched games or place it sideways next to your initial two cards in a multiple-deck game.
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Doubling down can indeed be risky since it involves increasing your bet.
This causes clueless or more conservative players to altogether avoid this play out of fear they might end up losing twice as much money on a single hand.
Yet, doubling down can be one of the most thrilling and profitable moves you can makebut only on condition you are able to identify the advantageous situations that call for a bet increase.
In this article, we tackle doubling down rule variations and give consider, calculate house edge blackjack can further insight into some of the key doubling decisions that can help you maximize your profits.
Doubling Down Rule Variations The tricky thing about this play blackjack hands to double down on that the rules related to doubling down may vary wildly inwhich is why you should be well-acquainted with the doubling rule variations you may encounter.
In many multiple-deck games, players are permitted to double on any starting two-card total without further restrictions.
This is the most player-friendly rule variation because it gives you the opportunity to potentially turn a profit https://yournaughtystory.com/blackjack/multiplayer-blackjack-facebook.html all advantageous situations you face.
This is not the case in some casinos where players are restricted to doubling only on specific two-card totals, particularly on hard 9, 10, here 11, which increases the house edge by 0.
Some venues would even restrict doubling to totals of 10 and 11 only which of around 0.
This variation of the game is known as Free Bet Blackjack and was invented by Geoff Hall, the same guy who came up with Blackjack Switch.
Free Bet Blackjack debuted in the summer of 2012 at the Golden Nugget Casino in downtown Las Vegas and immediately attracted crowds of eager blackjack players because it gave them the opportunity to double down on the house, i.
Instead, the dealer places a lammer next to your original wager to mark your double down.
If you win, the dealer will pay you both for your initial bet and more info double.
Should you lose, you lose only your original bet.
You probably think this sounds too good to be true and indeed, you are right.
The main catch here is that players are restricted to doubling at no cost only on totals of 9, 10, and 11.
When the dealer draws to a total of 22, they do not bust like they normally would.
Instead, they push with you if your total is 21 or lower.
Add the H17 rule and the absence of surrender to the mix and you have the house edge for this game jump to 1.
Doubling Down on Three Cards or More At some blackjack tables, players are given the option to double on three cards or more, which is great because it translates into even more opportunities to turn extra profits.
Suppose, for example, you start your hand with two cards that add up to 7 against a dealer 5 and then you draw a 4 for a total of eleven.
It would be impossible to double down at this stage in a regular game of 21.
This rule variation is an absolute rarity, of course, but do not hesitate to take advantage of it if you do happen to come across one such table — this rule takes away around 0.
Doubling Down for Less In some gambling establishments, blackjack players are permitted to double down for less than their initial bet.
It is typical for some conservative or underbanked players to take advantage of this rule variation.
Should you do it, though?
No, doubling down for less is not a good idea.
This decision is contrary to what doubling is all about.
Players can maximize their profits only by reaching deeper into their pockets and increasing their double down bets to the full permissible amount at the table.
You have several options here, excluding standing since not drawing more cards on your 11 is contrary to all logic.
You can hit your hand, double down for the full amount of your bet or double down for less.
Hitting a starting total of 11 against a dealer 10 results in a win around 56% of the time.
Therefore, your average expectations with a total of 11 are to win roughly 56 out of every 100 hands, ties excluded.
Doubling Down for Less Additional Tips When you double down on a two-card 11 against blackjack hands to double down on dealer 10, your win ratio slightly drops down.
This peculiarity of the game causes your win ratio over the course of a hundred hands to decrease to 54%, which accounts for a 2% difference.
Your average win-to-loss ratio, not counting pushes, is the same per every hundred hands played, or 54 to 46.
As you can see, doubling down for less is the worst of the three options you have profit-wise.
So remember never to double down for less when playing regular blackjack — this is a profitable course of action only for blackjack tournament players.
Doubling on Soft Hands vs.
The remaining 9% account for the occasions when the dealer and the player push.
From this perspective, it makes sense for the player to bet more conservatively on the majority of the hands they go through.
However, this is not the case when it comes to doubling down on hard totals where you should play more aggressively, increasing your action if the dealer has a relatively high likelihood of exceeding 21 and you have an edge over their hand.
Some people would settle for their soft totals and dismiss both hitting or doubling on such hands because they are too afraid they may end up getting stuck with a lower total by drawing an additional card.
This fear causes them to pass on many lucrative opportunities to increase their action when holding an advantage against the dealer.
Others wrongfully assume the reason why basic strategy recommends doubling on certain soft totals is that you try to outdraw the dealer.
But if you take a quick look at the basic-strategy chart, you will see doubling is a viable option with soft totals only when the dealer is exposing a weak card.
When Your Double Down Goes Wrong Doubling down can be very profitable but it can also be very tricky for the simple reason you are entitled to draw only one extra card.
When doubling on soft hands, you may get stuck with a lower total than the one you started with.
The only blackjack hands to double down on for you to win the round would be for the dealer to break their hand.
You would have been able to hit your hand repeatedly if you had not doubled.
And yet, doubling is the correct play in one such scenario.
Continue reading to see why.
Insight into the Key Doubling Down Decisions Basic strategy tells blackjack players when it is the best time to hit, stand,or double down.
It is based on mathematical probability and millions of computer-simulated trials, which guarantees the plays it comprises are the optimal ones in the long run.
Doubling on a 9 against a Dealer with a Small Card We talked about how sometimes doubling down can get you into trouble freeware blackjack remains the best play nevertheless.
This is the case when you are dealt a hard 9 against a vulnerable dealer who exposes a small card like 5.
In one such scenario, you will win roughly 59% of the time and lose around 41% of the hands, i.
Your win rate for the hand drops down to around 57% when you double down but this difference is offset by the fact that you are winning twice as much when executing this play.
Regardless of the composition of your hard 10 8-2, 6-4, 5-5, 7-3the mathematical probability of you winning with this move is roughly 58% whereas that of you losing is around 35%, with the remaining 7% accounting for the ties where no money switches hands respectively there are no net profits.
If you decide to merely hit your hard 10 and draw a small card 2 through 7, you are not supposed to draw again anyway because the basic strategy for the game you are playing recommends you to stand on hard totals 12 through 17 when the dealer exposes a 4.
Roughly seven out of every hundred hands will result in a push.
Doubling on Soft 13 through 18 against a Dealer with a Small Card Inexperienced players often struggle with soft totals, especially when doubling down is concerned.
They are too scared they might ruin their soft hand by drawing a card that reduces its total and turns it into msn blackjack free stiff.
They argue this is way too risky and may cost them twice as much money if the double down is unsuccessful.
However, in certain situations when the dealer is at a disadvantage, basic strategy requires you to double down on your soft hands, particularly when the dealer is weak with small cards 3 through 6.
Here is a brief breakdown of the doubling 13 through 18 for a multiple-deck game where the dealer stands on soft 17.
Whether you hit or stand has no impact on the outcome of the hand itself because there is no card you can possibly draw that will cause you to make another hit.
Doubling Additional TipsMathematically, you are bound to win by taking one more card 49% of the time, lose 43% of the time, and push with the dealer approximately 8% of the time.
The pushes are not taken into consideration because you do not generate any net profits or net losses with them.
It is essential to remember that doubling down is always the best course of action with certain totals when you blackjack hands to double down on facing a particularly vulnerable dealer.
Not taking advantage of these situations is almost the same as giving back some of your winnings to the casino.
So be sure to inspect and for the blackjack variation you intend to play.
This will help you to fully maximize your profits when you are in a good spot.
We ourselves are not casino operators, do not offer any real-money games on our website, and cannot be held liable for the financial risks readers take when participating in real-money read more activities.
Visitors of SuperCasinoSites should keep in mind gambling can be highly addictive and as such, should always be approached responsibly and with due measure.
If you or someone you know struggles with gambling addiction, we recommend you contact the free gambling helplines like those operated by organizations like.
Before you register and play at any of the casinos we review and recommend, do check the legal and regulatory frameworks pertaining to real-money online gambling in your country to ensure you are not acting in violation with its laws.

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It's common that players only focus on doubling down their best starting hands, which is usually a good decision, but there are also certain scenarios where it will ...

When to double down in blackjack | Optimal 21 strategy guide
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Ask the Dealer: What Does “Split” and “Double Down” Mean in Blackjack?
This article is about the gambling game.
For the shedding-type card game sometimes called Black Jack, see.
For other uses, see.
Blackjack is the American version of a popular global known aswhose relatives include and.
It is a comparing between one or more players and a dealer, where each player in turn competes against the dealer.
Players do not compete against each other.
It is played with one or more of 52 cards, and is the most widely played banking game in the world.
Blackjack A blackjack Alternative names Twenty-One Type Comparing Players 2+, usually 2—7 Skills required Probability Cards 52 to 416 Deck Play Clockwise Random chance High Players are each dealt two cards, face up or down depending on the casino and the table at which they sit.
In most other countries, the dealer receives one card face up.
The value of cards two through ten is their pip value 2 through 10.
Face cards Jack, Queen, and King are all worth ten.
Aces can be worth one or eleven.
A hand's value is the sum of the card values.
Players are allowed to draw additional cards to improve their hands.
A hand with an ace valued as 11 is called "soft", meaning that the hand will not bust by taking an additional card; the value of the ace will become one to prevent the hand from exceeding 21.
Otherwise, the hand is "hard".
The dealer hand will not be completed if all players have either busted or received blackjacks.
The dealer then reveals the hidden card and must hit until the cards total up to 17 points.
At 17 points or higher the dealer must stay.
At most tables the dealer also hits on a "soft" 17, i.
Players win by not busting and having a total higher than the dealer, or not busting and having the dealer bust, or getting a blackjack without the dealer getting a blackjack.
If the player and dealer have the same total not counting blackjacksthis is called a "push", and the player typically does not win or lose money on that hand.
Blackjack has many rule variations.
Since the 1960s, blackjack has been a high-profile target ofparticularlywho track the profile of cards that have been dealt and adapt their wagers and playing strategies accordingly.
However casinos have counter-measured card-counters by using a large shoe of cards up to eight decks or machines that shuffle the cards all the time.
Blackjack has inspired other casino games, including and.
Blackjack's precursor blackjack hands to double down on twenty-one, a game of unknown origin.
The first written reference is found in a book by the Spanish authormost famous for writing.
Cervantes was aand the main characters of his tale "", fromare a couple of cheats working in.
They are proficient at cheating at veintiuna Spanish for twenty-oneand state that the object of the game is to reach 21 points without going over and that the values 1 or 11.
The game is played with the Spanish deck.
This short story was written between 1601 and 1602, implying that ventiuna was played in since the beginning of the 17th century or earlier.
Later references to this game are found in France and Spain.
When twenty-one was introduced in the United States, gambling houses offered bonus payouts to stimulate players' interest.
One such bonus was a ten-to-one payout if the player's hand consisted of the and a black either the or the.
This hand was called a "blackjack", and the name stuck to the game even though the ten-to-one bonus was soon withdrawn.
In the modern game, a blackjack refers to any hand of an ace plus a ten or face card regardless of suits or colors.
Roger Baldwin, Wilbert Cantey, Herbert Maisel and James McDermott published a paper titled The Optimum Strategy in Blackjack blackjack macau bet the Journal of the American Statistical Association.
This paper would become the foundation of all future sound efforts to beat the game of blackjack.
Bets settled At a casino blackjack table, the dealer faces five to seven playing positions from behind a semicircular table.
Between one and eight are together.
At the beginning of each round, up to three players can place their bets in the "betting box" at each position in play.
That is, there could be up to three players at each position at a table in jurisdictions that allow back betting.
The player whose bet is at the front of the betting box is deemed to have control over the position, and the dealer will consult the controlling player for playing decisions regarding the hand; the other players of that box are said to "play behind".
Any player is usually allowed to control or bet in outage pokerstars many boxes as desired at a single table, but it is prohibited for an individual to play on more than one table at a time or to place multiple bets within a single box.
The dealer deals cards from their left the position on the dealer's far left is often referred to as "first base" to their far right "third base".
Each box is dealt an initial hand of two cards visible to the people playing on it, and often to any other players.
The dealer's hand receives its first card face up, and in "hole card" games immediately receives its second card face down the hole cardwhich the dealer peeks at but does not reveal unless it makes the dealer's hand a blackjack.
Hole card games are sometimes played on tables with a small mirror or electronic sensor that is used to peek securely at the hole card.
In European casinos, "no hole card" games are prevalent; the dealer's second card is neither drawn nor consulted until the players have all played their hands.
Cards are dealt either from one or two handheld decks, from aor from a.
Single cards are dealt to each wagered-on position clockwise from the dealer's left, followed by a single card to the dealer, followed by an additional card to each of the positions in play.
The players' initial cards may be dealt face up or face down more common in single-deck games.
On their turn, players must choose whether to "hit" take a card"stand" end their turn"double" double wager, take a single card and finish"split" if the two cards have the same value, separate them to make two hands or "surrender" give up a half-bet and retire from the game.
Number cards count as their natural value; the jack, queen, and king also known as "face cards" or "pictures" count as 10; aces are valued as either 1 or 11 according to the player's choice.
If the hand value exceeds 21 points, it busts, and all bets on it are immediately forfeit.
After all boxes have finished playing, the dealer's hand is resolved by drawing cards until the hand busts or achieves a value of 17 or higher a dealer total of 17 including an ace counting charts as 11, also known as a "soft 17", must be drawn to in some games and must stand in others.
The dealer never doubles, splits, or surrenders.
If the dealer busts, all remaining player hands win.
If the dealer does not bust, each remaining bet wins if its hand is higher than the dealer's, and loses if it is lower.
If a player receives 21 on the 1st and 2nd card it is considered a "natural" or "blackjack" and the player is paid out immediately unless dealer also has a natural, in which case the hand ties.
In the case of a tied score, known as "push" or "standoff", bets are normally returned without adjustment; however, a blackjack beats any hand that is not a blackjack, even one with a value of 21.
Wins are paid out at 1:1, or equal to the wager, except for player blackjacks which are traditionally paid at 3:2 meaning the player receives three dollars for every two bet or one-and-a-half times the wager.
Many casinos today pay blackjacks at less than 3:2 at some tables; for instance, single-deck blackjack tables often pay 6:5 for a blackjack instead of 3:2.
Blackjack games almost always provide a called insurance, which may be played when dealer's upcard is an ace.
Additional side bets, such as "Dealer Match" which pays when the player's cards match the dealer's up card, are sometimes available.
Player decisions "Doubling Down" redirects here.
For the South Park episode, see.
After receiving an initial two cards, the player has up to four standard options: "hit", "stand", "double down", or "split".
Each option has a corresponding hand signal.
Some games give the player a fifth option, "surrender".
Signal: Scrape cards against table in handheld games ; tap the table with finger or wave hand toward body in games dealt face up.
Signal: Slide cards under chips in handheld games ; wave hand horizontally in games dealt face up.
The additional bet is placed in the betting box next to the original bet.
Some games do not permit the player to increase the bet by amounts other than 100%.
Non-controlling players may double their wager or decline to do so, but they are bound by the controlling player's decision to take only one card.
Signal: Place additional chips beside the original bet outside the betting box, and point with one finger.
The dealer separates the two cards and draws an additional card on each, placing one bet with each hand.
The player then plays out the two separate hands in turn; except for a few restrictions, the hands are treated as independent new hands, with the player winning or losing their wager separately for each hand.
Occasionally, in the case of ten-valued cards, some casinos allow splitting only when the cards have the identical ranks; for instance, a hand of 10-10 may blackjack hands to double down on click here, but not one of 10-king.
However, usually all 10-value cards are treated the same.
Doubling and further splitting of post-split hands may be restricted, and an ace and ten value card after a split are counted as a non-blackjack 21.
Hitting split aces is usually not allowed.
Non-controlling players may follow the controlling player by putting down an additional bet or decline to do so, instead associating their existing wager with one of the two post-split counting practice blackjack of rules in card />In that case they must choose which hand to play behind before the second cards are drawn.
Some casinos do not give non-controlling players this option, and require that the wager of a player not electing to split remains with the first of the two post-split hands.
Signal: Place additional chips next to the original bet outside the betting box; point with two fingers spread into a V formation.
When the player surrenders, the house takes half the player's bet and returns the other half to the player; this terminates the player's interest in the hand.
Signal: The request to surrender is made verbally, there being click standard hand signal.
Hand signals are used to assist the "", a person or located above the table and sometimes concealed behind.
The eye in the sky usually makes a video recording of the table, which helps in resolving disputes and identifying dealer mistakes, and is also used to protect the casino against dealers who steal chips or players who cheat.
The recording can further be used to identify whose activities, while legal, make them undesirable customers.
In the event of a disagreement between a player's hand signals and their words, the hand signal https://yournaughtystory.com/blackjack/what-does-blackjack-mean.html precedence.
Each hand may normally "hit" as many times as desired so long as the total is not above hard 20.
On reaching 21 including soft 21the hand is normally required to stand; busting is an irrevocable loss and the players' wagers are blackjack hands to double down on forfeited to the house.
After a bust or a stand, play proceeds to the next hand clockwise around the table.
When the last hand has finished being played, the dealer reveals the hole card, and stands or draws further cards according to the rules of the game for dealer drawing.
When the outcome of the dealer's hand is established, any hands with bets remaining on the table are resolved usually in order : bets on losing hands are forfeited, the bet on a push is left on the table, and winners are paid out.
Insurance If the dealer's upcard is an ace, the player is offered the option of taking "insurance" before the dealer checks the hole card.
Insurance is a side bet that the dealer has blackjack and is treated independently of the main wager.
It pays 2:1 meaning that the player receives two dollars for every dollar bet and is available when the dealer's exposed card is an ace.
The idea is that the dealer's second card has a fairly high probability nearly one-third to be ten-valued, giving the dealer blackjack and disappointment for the player.
It is attractive although not necessarily wise for the player to insure against the possibility of a dealer blackjack by making a maximum "insurance" bet, in which case the "insurance proceeds" will make up for the concomitant loss on the original bet.
The player may add up to half the value of their original bet to the insurance and these extra chips are placed on a portion of the table usually marked "Insurance pays 2 to 1".
Players with a blackjack may also take insurance, and in taking maximum insurance they commit themselves to winning an amount exactly equal to their main wager, regardless of the dealer's outcome.
Fully insuring a blackjack against blackjack is thus referred to as "taking even money", and paid out immediately, before the dealer's hand is resolved; the players do not need to place more chips for the insurance wager.
Insurance bets are expected to lose money in the long run, because the dealer is likely to have blackjack less than one-third of the time.
However the insurance outcome is strongly with that of the main wager, and if the player's priority is to reducethey might choose to pay for this.
Furthermore, the insurance bet is susceptible to advantage play.
It is advantageous to make an insurance bet whenever the hole card has more than a chance of one in three of being a ten.
Advantage play techniques can sometimes identify such situations.
In a multi-hand, face-up, single deck game, it is possible to establish whether insurance is a good bet simply by observing the other cards on the table after the deal; even if there are just 2 player hands exposed, and neither of their two initial cards is a ten, then 16 in 47 of the remaining cards are tens, which is larger than 1 in 3, so insurance is a profitable bet.
This is an elementary example of the family of advantage play techniques known as card counting.
Bets to insure against blackjack are slightly less likely to be advantageous than insurance bets in general, since the ten in the player's blackjack makes it less likely that the dealer has blackjack too.
Note: where changes in the house edge due to changes in the rules are stated in percentage terms, the difference is usually stated here innot percentage; strictly speaking if, say, an edge of 10% is reduced to 9%, the amount blackjack hands to double down on reduced by ten percent, or by one percentage point.
The third card is placed at right angles to signify that the player cannot receive any more cards.
The rules of casino blackjack are generally determined by law or regulation, which establishes certain rule variations allowed at the discretion of the casino.
The rules of any particular game are generally posted on or near the table, failing which there is an expectation that casino staff will provide them on request.
Over 100 variations of blackjack have been documented.
As with all casino games, blackjack incorporates a "house edge", a statistical advantage for the casino that is built into the game.
The advantage of the dealer's position in blackjack relative to the player comes from the fact that if the player busts, the player loses, regardless of whether the dealer subsequently busts.
Nonetheless, blackjack players using basic strategy will lose less than 1% of their total wagered amount with strictly average luck; this is very favorable to the player compared to other casino games.
The loss rate of players who deviate from basic strategy through ignorance is generally expected to be greater.
An ace and any combination of 6.
Each game has a rule about whether the dealer must hit or stand on soft 17, which is generally printed on the table surface.
The variation where the dealer must hit soft 17 is abbreviated "H17" in blackjack literature, with "S17" used for the stand-on-soft-17 variation.
Substituting an "H17" rule with an "S17" rule in a game benefits the player, decreasing the house edge by about 0.
This mainly reflects an increased likelihood of player blackjack, since if the players draws a ten on their first card, the subsequent probability of drawing an ace is higher with fewer decks.
It also reflects a decreased likelihood of blackjack-blackjack push in a game with fewer decks.
Casinos generally compensate by tightening other rules in games with fewer decks, in order to preserve the house edge or discourage play altogether.
When offering single deck blackjack games, casinos are more likely to disallow doubling on soft hands or after splitting, to restrict resplitting, require higher minimum bets, and to pay the player less than 3:2 for a winning blackjack.
The following table illustrates the mathematical effect on the house edge of the number of decks, by considering games with various deck counts under the following ruleset: double after split allowed, resplit to four hands allowed, no hitting split aces, no surrender, double on any two cards, original bets only lost on dealer blackjack, dealer hits soft 17, and cut-card used.
The increase in house edge per unit increase in the number of decks is most dramatic when comparing the single deck game to the two-deck game, and becomes progressively smaller as more decks are added.
Number of decks House advantage Single deck 0.
This rule protocol is consequently known as "late" surrender.
The alternative, "early" surrender, gives player the option to surrender before the dealer checks for blackjack, or in a no-hole-card game.
Early surrender is much more favorable to the player than late surrender.
Most medium-strength hands should be surrendered against a dealer Ace if the hole card has not been checked.
For late surrender, however, while it is tempting to opt for surrender on any hand which will probably lose, the correct strategy is to only surrender on the very worst hands, because having even a one in four chance of winning the full bet is better than losing half the bet and pushing the other half, as entailed by surrendering.
Resplitting If the cards of a post-split hand have the same value, most games allow the player to split again, or "resplit".
The player places a further wager and the dealer separates the new pair dealing a further card to each as before.
Some games allow unlimited resplitting, while others may limit it to a certain number of hands, such as four hands for example, "resplit to 4".
Rule variants include allowing resplitting aces or allowing the player to hit split aces.
Games allowing aces to be resplit are not uncommon, but those allowing the player to hit split aces are extremely rare.
Allowing the player to hit hands resulting from split aces reduces the house edge by about 0.
Note that a ten-value card dealt on a split ace or vice versa is a "soft 21" and not a "natural".
No double after split After a split, most games allow doubling down on the new two-card hands.
Disallowing doubling after a split increases the house edge by about 0.
Basic strategy would otherwise call for some doubling down with hard 9 and soft 13—18, and advanced players can identify situations where doubling on soft 19—20 and hard 8, 7 and even 6 is advantageous.
The Reno rule prevents the player from taking advantage of double down in these situations and thereby increases the player's expected loss.
The Reno rule increases the house edge by around 1 in 1,000, and its European version by around 1 in 500.
No hole card and OBO In most non-U.
With no hole card, it is almost never correct basic strategy to double or split against a dealer ten or ace, since a click at this page blackjack will result in the loss of the split and double bets; the only exception is with a pair of aces against a dealer 10, where it is still correct to split.
In all other cases, a stand, hit or surrender is called for.
For instance, holding 11 against a dealer 10, the correct strategy is to double in a hole card game where the player knows the dealer's second card is not an acebut to hit in a no hole card game.
The no hole card rule adds approximately 0.
The "original bets only" rule variation appearing in certain no hole card games states that if the player's hand loses to a dealer blackjack, only the mandatory initial bet "original" is forfeited, and all optional bets, meaning doubles and splits, are pushed.
Altered payout for a winning blackjack In many casinos, a blackjack pays only 6:5 or even 1:1 instead of the usual 3:2.
This is most common at tables with lower.
Although this payoff was originally limited to single-deck games, it has spread to double-deck and shoe games.
Among common rule variations in the U.
Since blackjack occurs in approximately 4.
Video blackjack machines generally pay 1:1 payout for a blackjack.
Dealer wins ties The rule that bets on tied hands are lost rather than pushed is catastrophic to the player.
Though rarely used in standard blackjack, it is sometimes seen in "blackjack-like" games such as in some charity casinos.
Basic strategy Each blackjack game has a basic strategy, which prescribes the optimal method of playing any hand against any dealer up-card so that the long-term the expected loss of the player is minimized.
For example, to use the table above on a game with the stand on soft 17 rule which favors the player, and is typically found only at higher-limit tables today only 6 cells would need to be changed: hit on 11 vs.
A, hit on 15 vs.
A, stand on 17 vs.
A, stand on A,7 vs.
Regardless of the specific rule variations, taking insurance or "even money" is never the correct play under basic strategy.
Estimates of the house edge for blackjack games quoted by casinos and gaming regulators are generally based on the assumption that the players follow basic strategy and do not systematically change their bet size.
Most blackjack games have a house edge of between 0.
Casino promotions such as complimentary match play vouchers or 2:1 blackjack payouts allow the player to acquire an advantage without deviating from basic strategy.
Composition-dependent strategy Basic strategy is based upon a player's point total and the dealer's visible card.
Players may be able to improve on this decision by considering the precise composition of their hand, not just the point total.
For example, players should ordinarily stand when holding 12 against a dealer 4.
However, in a single deck game, players should hit if their 12 consists of a 10 and a 2.
However, even when basic and composition-dependent strategy lead to different actions, the difference in expected reward is small, and it becomes even smaller with more decks.
Using a composition-dependent strategy rather than basic strategy in a single deck game reduces the house edge by 4 in 10,000, which falls to 3 in 100,000 for a six-deck game.
Advantage play Main article: Blackjack has been a high-profile target for advantage players since the 1960s.
Advantage play is the attempt to win more using skills such as memory, computation, and observation.
These techniques, while generally legal, can be powerful enough to give the player a long-term edge in the game, making them an undesirable customer for the casino and potentially leading to ejection or if they are detected.
The main techniques of advantage play in blackjack are as follows: Card counting Main article: During the course of a blackjack shoe, the dealer exposes the dealt cards.
Careful accounting of the exposed cards allows a player to make inferences about the cards which remain to be dealt.
For example, the players can increase the starting bet if there are many aces and tens left in the deck, in the hope of hitting a blackjack.
For example, with many tens left in the https://yournaughtystory.com/blackjack/practise-blackjack-basic-strategy.html, players might double down in more situations since there is a better chance of getting a good hand.
A card counting system assigns a point score to each rank of card e.
When a card is exposed, a counter adds the score of that card to a running total, the 'count'.
A card counter uses this count to make betting and playing decisions according to a table which they have learned.
The count starts at 0 for a freshly shuffled deck for "balanced" counting systems.
Unbalanced counts are often started at a value which depends on the number of decks used in the game.
Blackjack's house edge is usually between 0.
Card counting can give the player an edge of up to 2% over the house.
Single-deck games are therefore particularly advantageous to the blackjack hands to double down on counting player.
As a result, casinos are more learn more here to insist that players do not reveal their cards to one another in single-deck games.
In games with more decks of cards, casinos limit penetration by ending the shoe and reshuffling when one or more decks remain undealt.
Casinos also sometimes use a shuffling machine to reintroduce the exhausted cards every time a deck has been played.
Card counting is legal and is not considered cheating as long as the counter is not using an external device, : 6-7 but if a casino realizes a player is counting, the casino might inform them that they are no longer welcome to play blackjack.
Sometimes a casino might ban a card counter from the property.
The use of external devices to help counting cards is illegal in all US states that license blackjack card games.
Shuffle tracking Main article: Techniques other than card counting can swing the advantage of casino blackjack toward the player.
All such techniques are based on the value of the cards to the player and the casino as originally conceived by.
One technique, mainly applicable in multi-deck games, involves tracking groups continue reading cards also known as slugs, clumps, or packs during the play of the shoe, following them through the shuffle, and then playing and betting accordingly when those cards come into play from the new shoe.
Shuffle tracking requires excellent eyesight and powers of visual estimation but is more difficult to detect since the player's actions are largely unrelated to the composition of the cards in the shoe.
Arnold Snyder's articles in magazine brought shuffle tracking to the general public.
His book, The Shuffle Tracker's Cookbook, mathematically analyzed the player edge available from shuffle tracking based on the actual size of the tracked slug.
Identifying concealed cards The player can also gain an advantage by identifying cards from distinctive wear markings on their backs, or by observing during the dealing process the front of a card dealt face down.
These methods are generally legal although their status in particular jurisdictions may vary.
A player wishing to wager on a side bet is usually required to place a wager on blackjack.
Some games require that the blackjack wager should equal or exceed any side bet wager.
A non-controlling player of a blackjack hand is usually permitted to place a side bet regardless of whether the controlling player does so.
The house edge for side bets is generally far higher than for the blackjack game itself.
Nonetheless side bets can be susceptible to card counting.
A side count, designed specifically for a particular side bet, can improve the player edge.
Only a few side bets, like "Lucky Ladies", offer a sufficient win rate to justify the effort of advantage play.
In team play it is common for team members to be dedicated toward counting only a sidebet using a specialized count.
Blackjack can be played in tournament form.
Players start with an equal numbers of chips; the goal is to finish among the top chip-holders.
Depending on the number of competitors, tournaments may be held over several rounds, with one or two players qualifying from each table after a set number of deals to meet the qualifiers from the other tables in the next round.
Another tournament format,drops the lowest-stacked player from the table at pre-determined points in the tournament.
Good strategy for blackjack tournaments can differ from non-tournament strategy because of the added dimension of choosing the amount to be wagered.
As in poker tournaments, players pay the casino an initial entry fee to participate in a tournament, and re-buys are sometimes permitted.
A video Blackjack machine at.
Some casinos, as well as general betting outlets, provide blackjack among a selection of casino-style games at electronic consoles.
Video blackjack game rules are generally more favorable to the house; e.
Video and online blackjack games generally deal each round from a fresh shoe, rendering card counting ineffective in most situations.
Blackjack is a member of a large family of traditional card games played recreationally all around the world.
Most of these games have not been adapted for casino play.
Furthermore, the casino game development industry is very active in producing blackjack variants, most of which are ultimately not adopted for widespread use in casinos.
The read article are the prominent twenty-one themed comparing card games which have been adapted or invented for use in casinos and have become established in the gambling industry.
An unlicensed version of Spanish 21 played without a hole card is found in Australian casinos under the name presumably borrowed from the British recreational blackjack-like game "Pontoon" which has substantially different rules.
In this form of the game, a player bust does not always result in an automatic loss; depending on the casino, the player can still push if the dealer busts as well, although the dealer typically has to bust with a higher total.
Blackjacks payand players lose on ties; also, they can neither buy insurance nor can they surrender their hand as both dealer's cards are exposed at the outset.
This game is dealt from a Spanish shoe, and blackjacks only pay even money.
For example, if the player is dealt 10—6 and 5—10, then the player can switch two cards to make hands of 10—10 and 6—5.
Natural blackjacks are paid 1:1 instead of the standard 3:2, and a dealer 22 is a push.
If the player has six cards totaling 20, he automatically wins.
Wins are paid 1:1.
An ace can only count as eleven, but two aces count as a blackjack.
It is mostly played in private circles and barracks.
A British variation is called "Pontoon", the name being probably a corruption of "Vingt-et-un".
TV show variations Blackjack is also featured in various television shows.
Here are a few shows inspired by the game.
On this show, three players answer questions to earn cards in order to win cash and ties are not allowed.
In this game, six grocery products were used, and five of those products' prices were multiplied by various numbers from 2 to 10, but with the one remaining product having the exact price.
In order to win a large prize, the contestant had to achieve a score of 21 which was usually done by picking a product whose price was multiplied by ten and the one that was correctly pricedor beat the house with any score that did not exceed 21.
Main article: In 2002, professional gamblers around the world were invited to nominate great blackjack players for admission into the.
Seven members were inducted in 2002, with new people inducted every year after.
The Hall of Fame is at the in.
Members includeauthor of the 1960s book Beat the Dealer which proved that the game could be beaten with a combination of basic strategy and ;who popularized the concept of team play;author and editor of the this web page journal;author and popularizer of the "Wonging" technique of only playing at a positive count, and several others.
Novels have been written around blackjack and the possibility of winning games via some kind of method.
Among these were The Blackjack Hijack Charles Einstein, 1976later produced as the TV movieand Ben Mezrichalso filmed as.
An almost identical theme was https://yournaughtystory.com/blackjack/free-msn-blackjack.html in the 2004 Canadian film.
In The Hangover, an American comedy, four friends try to count cards to win back enough money to secure the release of their friend from the clutches of a notorious criminal they stole from the previous night while blacked out.
A central part of the plot of is that Raymondan autisticis able to win at blackjack by counting cards.
In the 2014 film we see Jim Bennett playing high stakes Blackjack in order to win large sums of money.
This movie displays different blackjack lingo and risky moves that have high rewards.
A History of Card Games, OUP, Oxford, p.
Scarne's new complete guide to gambling Fully rev.
Barcelona: Flor del Viento Ediciones.
Retrieved May 21, 2017.
Wizard of Odds Consulting, Inc.
Retrieved April 30, 2014.
Fine points of basic strategy in single-deck blackjack.
Retrieved December 8, 2006.
Total Dependent and Composition Dependent Basic Strategy in Blackjack.
Retrieved December 19, 2006.
The theory of blackjack : the compleat card counter's guide to the casino game of 21 6th ed.
Archived from on October 7, 2011.
Retrieved October 26, 2011.

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