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Boudreau At the end of the Civil War, the ranks of the Regular cavalry regiments were thin indeed, as were those of the other Regular regiments.
Of the 448 companies of cavalry, infantry, and artillery authorized, 153 were not organized, and few, if any, of those in being were at full strength.
By July 1866 this shortage had eased since blackjack insignia mobile strike of the members of the disbanded Volunteer outfits had by then enlisted as Regulars.
By that time, however, it became apparent in Washington that the Army, even at full strength, was not large enough to perform all its duties.
Consequently, on 28 July Congress authorized 4 additional cavalry regiments and enough infantry companies to reorganize the existing 19 regiments- then under two different internal organizations- into 45 regiments with 10 companies each.
After this increase there were 10 regiments of cavalry, 5 of artillery, and 45 of infantry.
Cavalry companies accounted for 20 percent of the total number of company sized organizations.
Recruiting, to obtain the increase in man power force levels, began at once.
Emphasis was placed upon securing Veteran Volunteers before they left the service.
The officers were selected from both Volunteers and Regulars; each candidate was required to have had at last two years of honorable service in the Civil War.
The new cavalry regiments, numbered 7th, 8th, 9th, and 10th, were organized under the same tables as the 6 already in existence.
A regiment consisted of 12 companies formed into 3 squadrons of 4 companies each.
Besides the commanding officer who was a colonel, the regimental staff included 7 officers, 6 enlisted men, a surgeon, and 2 assistant surgeons.
Each company was authorized 4 officers, 15 noncommissioned officers, and 72 privates.
A civilian veterinarian accompanied the regiment although he was not included in the table of organization.
By General Order No.
Gregg, who joined the unit for duty at Camp Whipple, Arizona, in December, 1866, assuming command of the regiment and the District of Prescott, Arizona.
The other field officers were Lieutenant Colonel Devin and Major Price, who joined the unit in January 1867.
The 8th Cavalry Regiment, currently represented in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Brigades of the 1st Cavalry Division, was constituted in the Regular Army on 28 July 1866.
California under the command of Colonel John I.
As a sign of the extent of the western immigration of 19th century America, their first mission was to escort settlers and fight Indians in the Northwest.
Many of them were wild characters who enlisted in the same spirit of adventure which led them to the frontier, and blackjack insignia mobile strike could not generally adapt themselves to the restraints of a military life.
Many desertions occurred; the percentage to the end of the year 1867, being 41.
The early history of 8th Cavalry Regiment was closely tied to the movement of people and trade along the southwest and on the western plains.
More and more wagon trains loaded with settlers, rolling west, were being attacked by Indians.
The Army, having large areas of territory to protect, established a number of military posts at strategic locations throughout the West.
The 1st, 4th, 5th, 7th, 8th and 10th Cavalry Regiments all eventually subordinate maneuvering units of the 1st Cavalry Division clashed with the Sioux, Comanche, Arapaho, Apache and the Indian Nations during the Indian Wars.
The current capability of the 8th Cavalry Regiment has been developed in conjunction with the long history of the 1st Cavalry Division.
It is the combination of the experienced training received by each dedicated member of the Team and adherence to the performance level and traditions of the past.
Highlights of the many subsequent historical critical missions performed by members of the 8th Cavalry Regiment and the honors they achieved are summarized in the chapters that follow: On 22 January 1921 the 1st Cavalry Division was constituted in the US Regular Army.
On 13 September 1921, with the initiation of the National Defense Act, the 1st Cavalry Division was formally activated at Ft.
Bliss, TX and Major General Robert Lee Howze, a Texas native from Rusk County and seasoned Veteran of then Frontier Indian Wars, Spanish American War, Philippines Insurrection, Mexican Expedition, World War I and recipient of the Medal of Honor, was selected as its first Division Commander.
Upon formal activation, the 7th, 8th and 10th Cavalry Regiments were assigned to the new Division.
With almost a century of service behind the oldest link its regiments and sixty five years of service for its youngest, the units that had already ridden and fought its way into the pages of history were organized into the newly formed divisional structure.
The four regiments were now to fight side by side.
Other units initially assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division in 1921 included the 1st and 2nd Machine Gun Squadrons, Weapons Troops, 10th Light Tank Company, 13th Signal Troop, 15th Veterinary Company, 27th Ordnance Company, 43rd Ambulance Company, 82nd Field Artillery Battalion Horse and the 1st Cavalry Quartermaster Trains just click for source later was redesignated as the 15th Replacement Company.
Later, on 18 December 1922, the 5th Cavalry Regiment was assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division, relieving the 10th Cavalry Regiment.
It would not be until 03 January 1933 that the 12th Cavalry Regiment, organized in 1901, would join the 1st Cavalry Division, relieving the 1st Cavalry Regiment.
As of today, the 8th Cavalry Regiment is currently represented by the following active Units: The 1st Battalion, organized as a Combined Arms Battalion, is assigned to the 2nd Brigade of the 1st Cavalry Division, stationed at Fort Hood, Texas.
The 2nd Battalion, organized as a Combined Arms Battalion, is assigned to the 1st Brigade of the 1st Cavalry Division, stationed at Fort Hood, Texas.
The 3rd Battalion, organized as a Combined Arms Battalion, is assigned to the 3rd Brigade of the 1st Cavalry Division, stationed at Fort Hood, Texas.
The 6th Squadron, organized as an Armed Reconnaissance Squadron, is assigned to the 4th Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division, stationed at Fort Stewart, Georgia.
The 8th Cavalry Regiment, constituted 28 July 1866 and organized on 21 September 1866 at Camp Reynolds, Angel Island, California, was one of four cavalry regiments by which the military peace establishment was increased by an Act of Congress dated July 28th of that year.
By General Order No.
Gregg, who joined the unit for duty at Camp Whipple, Arizona, in December, 1866, assuming command of the regiment and the District of Prescott, Arizona.
The other field officers were Lieutenant Colonel Devin and Major Price, who joined the unit in January 1867.
Many of them were wild characters who enlisted in the same spirit of adventure which led them to the frontier, casino de mexico online blackjack typically had difficulty in adapting themselves to the conformity of a military life.
Many desertions occurred; the percentage rose to 41 by the end of 1867.
The officers assigned to the regiment were all Veterans of the Civil War, and came to duty with the experience which that involved.
Lord, 2nd Artillery, being assigned to command.
Porter, 14th Infantry, being assigned to command.
Eskridge, 14th Klone blackjack king, being assigned to command.
Converse, 14th Infantry, being assigned to command.
Gallagher, 14th Infantry, being assigned to command.
Western, 14th Infantry, being assigned to command.
Western, 14th Infantry, being assigned to command.
Gillott, 2nd Artillery, being assigned to command.
Eastman, 2nd Artillery, being assigned to command.
Greenleaf Cilley, 1st Cavalry, being assigned to command.
Sumner, 1st Cavalry, being assigned to command.
Parnell, 1st Cavalry, being assigned to command.
The early part of the year 1867, the Companies relocated to more permanent stations which they were to occupy for some time: Headquarters, Camp Whipple, A.
Gregg, 8th Cavalry, commanding regiment and District of Prescott, Arizona Territory.
A detachment of 20 men were stationed at Rock Springs.
Converse, 14th Infantry, commanding.
Gallagher, 14th Infantry, commanding.
Western, 14th Infantry, commanding.
Owen, 32d Infantry, commanding.
Eastman, 2d Artillery, commanding.
Sumner, 1st Click to see more, commanding.
Parnell, 1st Cavalry, commanding.
In the subsequent early years, the regiment performed escort missions for the western bound immigration of wagon trains and the frontiersmen who had ventured into the hidden rough country to search for gold.
In carrying out its mission, the 8th Regiment established guard details at strategic locations throughout the Pacific Northwest, in areas beyond railroad communications.
During December 1867, and January 1868, the headquarters was en route from Camp Whipple, AZ, to Churchill Barracks, NV, which became the headquarters of the District of Nevada.
In May, headquarters was moved to Camp Halleck, NV, where it remained till 05 May 1870, when it was moved to Ft.
Union, NM, by rail, via Cheyenne and St.
The inevitable clashes, killings, and raiding on travelers and settlers began to occur, and the army was directed to solve the problem.
The several troops took stations at Ft.
Stanton, in New Mexico, and Ft.
Garland, in the Colorado Territory.
The duties during this period were of almost continuous field service by troops or detachments, scouting after Indian depredators, furnishing guards and escorts.
Selden, New Mexico, a territorial fort established on the Rio Grande at the present site of Radium Springs, New Mexico.
Their primary mission was to protect the settlers and travelers of the Mesilla Valley and San Augustine Pass from the marauding Gila and Mescalero Apaches.
The commander of the post established several remote picket posts in order to extend the range and areas of surveillance.
Covering the Northern Sector, one picket post was located at Aleman Station, a halfway point on the Jornada del Muerto, which served as a stage station, post office, and later a telegraph office.
In the South-East Sector, another picket post was located at San Augustine Pass, a gap in the San Andres Mountains which linked Las Cruces and White Sands.
The read more town was a rough place called Leasburg still existing which had saloons, nice friendly ladies, and a bad reputation for violence.
It was soon placed off limits to the Soldiers.
In parallel to the encampment at Ft.
Selden, Regimental Headquarters and three companies of the 8th Cavalry were assigned to Ft.
Union, New Mexico, under the command of Major William R.
A campaign was organized to enter the Llano Estacado, the Staked Plains area of the Texas Panhandle, a favorite haunt of the warring bands of Comanches and Kiowas.
Departing into the field in August 1874, the 8th Cavalry campaigned into the early months of 1875 before the troops finally returned to garrison.
The Southern Plains were finally considered free of Indian threat and Ft.
Union, settling into a period of reservation watching, held its troops in readiness for future troubles.
The regiment remained in New Mexico, then far beyond railroad communications, performing the same duties till July, 1875, when it marched to Texas.
On 08 January 1876 headquarters took station at Ft.
Clark, TX, During the period between 1875 and 1888, the regiment remained in Texas, with troops at different times being stationed at posts and camps from Ft.
Brown, TX, near the mouth of the Rio Grande, to Ft.
Hancock, near El Paso, TX.
Border patrolling was the main duty for the years that followed.
One of the permanent stations for the 8th Cavalry was at Ft.
Concho, Texas which was established in 1867.
Concho was located on 40 acres just across the Concho River from Https://yournaughtystory.com/blackjack/count-cards-blackjack-training.html Angelo, TX.
Their mission was to protect stagecoaches and wagon trains, escort mail deliveries, and map the new territories between the United States and Mexican border towns of the New Mexico-Texas Territory.
Concho is now a national historic landmark recognized as the largest and best-preserved US Army fort of the 19th century.
In May 1888, the regiment prepared for the longest march ever taken by a cavalry regiment.
With the increased number of settlers moving to the Northwest United States, the regiment was ordered blackjack insignia mobile strike march more than 2,600 miles to its new regimental headquarters located at Ft.
Meade, South Dakota and station at Ft.
Some of its march was along the famous Santa Fe Trail in New Mexico, near which carvings on large boulders and trees still gives mute testimony of the troops on the longest of all trails.
Units of the regiment soon saw action again, in Arizona as well in Oregon.
In December of 1890, the 8th Cavalry Regiment joined key regiments in the history and development of the 1st Cavalry Division, the 7th and 9th Cavalry Regiments, and the 6th Cavalry Regiment at Wounded Knee, South Dakota.
On 29 December 1890, the last major campaign to put down the last great Indian uprising; The Ghost Dance War.
As the Indian campaigns concluded, the 8th Cavalry turned their attention to patrol the far southwestern frontiers.
At the outbreak of the Spanish-American war in 1898, the 8th Regimental Headquarters and six troops went by rail to Camp A.
Forse, Alabama and sailed from Savannah, Georgia for the Island of Cuba for a four year tour of duty to secure the peace.
Their duties were varied and included protection of American citizens and their property.
Returning to the States in 1902, the Regiment was transferred to Jefferson Barracks, Missouri and subsequently to Ft.
Riley, Kansas, where it remained on duty for three years.
Riley had been established in the fall of 1852 when a surveying party under the command of Captain Robert Chilton, First Regiment of Dragoons the original cavalry unit to become the roots of the 1st Cavalry Divisionwho selected its location.
In 1905, the Regiment was ordered to the Philippines with the assignment of defending the islands from Philippines guerrillas terrorist activities.
In addition, they patrolled supply and communications lines and sources of water on the islands of Luzon and Jolo.
In 1907, with the completion of the assignment to the Philippine Islands, the Regiment was ordered back to the United States.
Headquarters, 1st and 3rd Squadrons took station at Ft.
During 1907, 1908, 1909 and 1910 the regiment was spread all over Arizona, Nebraska and Wyoming.
In 1910, the 8th Regiment returned to the Philippines for their second tour of Pacific duty.
This time the Troopers fought the rebellious tribesmen on the island of Mindanao and in the Sulu Archipelago.
The American force, lead by John J.
Pershing, killed an estimated 300 Moro while suffering only light losses.
Oddly this lopsided victory assisted Pershing in his job as Governor of Moro Province.
This helped lead to more peaceful times in that region of the Philippines.
In September 1914, the regiment returned to Camp Stotsenberg, Philippine Islands and performed the usual garrison duties.
On 21 September it joined with the 7th Cavalry Regiment to form a Provisional Cavalry Brigade.
On 12 September 1915, the regiment returned to the States and was stationed at Ft.
Troops were dispatched along the border town for the purpose of subduing the activity of Mexican bandits who were giving the ranchers a great deal of trouble.
Responding to a border raid at Columbus, New Mexico by Poncho Villa, an expedition lead by Pershing was launched into Mexico on 15 March 1916.
Destiny rode with the punitive expedition in yet another way.
First Lieutenant George Smith Patton, Jr.
Impatient with the slow progress of the expedition, Patton personally rode out in search of Villa.
He did not find the elusive Mexican raider.
In mid 1917, Troopers of the 8th Cavalry Regiment were transferred to Camp Marfa in the big bend country of Texas.
The mission sector encompassed four hundred and twenty miles of river line, divided into patrol assignments from forty five to sixty miles for each troop.
It covered fourteen thousand square miles, an area greater than the states of Massachusetts and Connecticut together, with terrain features varying from rugged mountain peaks, of which one hundred ninety six ranged from 4,000 feet to 7,000 feet in elevation, to rolling grassy plains and scorching deserts.
It was a routine mission to clash with bands of Mexicans that crossed the Rio Grande to steal cattle or create other problems.
The 8th regiment, lead by Colonel George T.
Langhorne, also skirmished with members of various Mexican Revolutionary groups that conducted raids across the border.
In one unusual occurrence that may have foretold the future of the 1st Cavalry Division, the Troopers of python blackjack code 8th were called upon to quickly reinforce the garrison at Presidio, 68 miles away, after a large Mexican force had crossed the border.
The cavalrymen climbed into automobiles driven by citizens of Marfa and covered the distance in a speedy three and a half hours.
They came in sight of the fleeing raiders, followed them to Rim Rock in the automobiles and made them drop the larger part of their plunder.
On 13 September 1921, with the initiation of the National Defense Act, the 1st Cavalry Division was formally activated at Ft.
The first unit of the 1st Cavalry Division, the famous 1st Cavalry Regiment, had been preassigned to the 1st Division on 20 August 1921, nearly a month before the formal divisional activation date.
Upon formal activation, the 7th, 8th and 10th Cavalry Regiments were assigned to the new division.
Other units initially assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division in 1921, included 82nd Field Artillery Battalion Horsethe 13th Signal Troop, the 27th Ordnance Company, Division Headquarters and the 1st Cavalry Quartermaster train which later became the 15th Replacement Company.
Howze was assigned as the first division commander.
The 5th Cavalry Regiment was assigned on 18 December 1922, relieving the 10th Cavalry Regiment.
In subsequent years, the 12th Cavalry Regiment would be assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division on 03 January 1933, relieving the 1st Cavalry Regiment.
In the fall of 1923 the 1st Cavalry Division assembled at Camp Marfa, Texas to stage its first divisional-level maneuvers since its organization.
The maneuvers were held in the Marfa-Shafter-Alamito area of the Big Bend District, Texas.
The line of march was Fabens, Ft.
Hancock, Sierra Blanca, Hot Wells, Lobo Flats, and Valentine.
The wagon trains, all drawn by four mules no motorized vehicles yetseemed endless.
Terrain covering an area of 900 square miles was obtained through the generosity and public spirit of ranch owners.
The enormous tract was mapped and marked by a detachment from the 8th Engineer Battalion.
The actual maneuvers consisted of both one-sided and two-sided problems with brigade against brigade and included the entire division as a whole.
The 12th Obvervation Squadron participated in maneuvers with the Division.
The use of aircraft allowed the maneuvers, in every detail, to conform with actual war conditions.
Since this was the first major United States Army training exercise since Learn more here I, the maneuvers were attended by representatives of several foreign governments.
Published results of the exercises of the 1st Cavalry Division attracted the interest of blackjack ภาพติดตา (flashback) single cavalry organizations, nationally and international, which placed emphasis on the incorporation of additional realism in successive exercises.
Tanks, cannon, airplanes, Red Cross ambulances and every appurtenance of real war, right down to hot weather, secrecy and red tape, accompanied the show.
From 1933 to 1936, the 3,300 Troopers of the 1st Cavalry Division provided training and leadership for 62,500 people of the Civilian Conservation Corps CCC in Arizona-New Mexico District.
One of these workers significant accomplishments was the construction of barracks for 20,000 anti-aircraft troops at Ft.
When World War II broke out, many of those who had been in the CCC were well prepared for the rigors of military training.
The entire Army was expanding and acquiring new equipment.
betonlinepoker and lighter medium tanks were assigned to both, cavalry and infantry units.
The mobile 105mm howitzer became the chief artillery piece of the Army Divisions.
There was also a new urgency being expressed by Washington.
Japan, which had invaded Manchuria in 1931, continued to expand conquests into China and Nazi Germany had annexed Austria and was threatening to seize Czechoslovakia.
In 1938, against the background of international tensions, the 8th Cavalry Regiment joined in with the 1st Cavalry Division at its second divisional maneuvers in the mountains near Balmorhea, Texas.
New units, including the 1st Signal Corps, the 27th Ordnance Company and the 1st Medical Squadron joined the 1st Cavalry Division.
The staging of the third divisional maneuvers near Balmorhea, Texas was made even more memorable and intense by their timing.
The starting of the maneuvers, 01 September 1939, coincided with the invasion of Poland by Germany, who used the most modern and deadly military force of its time.
Failing to influence Hitler of the grave consequences of his actions, both Great Britain and France initiated a declaration of war on 03 September 1939.
Having returned to Ft.
Bliss from the 3rd Army Louisiana readiness maneuvers in October 1941, the 8th Cavalry Regiment was trained and ready for action.
Isolationist politics was still strong in Congress.
Major priorities were placed on building up the industrial capacity to supply equipment to the Allies in Europe.
Many officers and men took leave or returned to civilian life.
Other, more dedicated, members of the 1st Cavalry Division began to prepare for battle.
They had no way of knowing that their first combat engagement would not be for more than two and a half years.
On 07 December 1941, without warning, the Japanese destroyed the American fleet at Pearl Harbor.
Although the 1st Cavalry Division was created as a result of a proven need for large horse-mounted formations, by 1940 many thought that the march of progress had left the horse far behind.
All doubt was erased with the surprise of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
Immediately Troopers returned to the 1st Cavalry Division from all over the United States.
They outfitted their horses and readied their weapons and vehicles in anticipation 21 blackjack spanish 5 the fight against the Axis.
In February 1943, apps blackjack game entire 1st Cavalry Division was alerted for an overseas assignment.
An impatient 1st Cavalry Division was dismounted and they were processed for movement to the Southwest Pacific theater as foot solders.
On 26 July, three weeks later, the division arrived at Brisbane and began a fifteen mile trip to their new temporary home, Camp Strathpine, Queensland, Australia.
The division received six months of intense combat jungle warfare training at Camp Strathpine in the wilds of scenic Queensland and amphibious training at nearby Moreton Bay.
In January 1944 the division was ordered to leave Australia and sail to Oro Bay, New Guinea.
After a period of staging in New Guinea, it was time for the 1st Cavalry Division to receive their first baptism of fire.
Their destination was a remote, Japanese occupied island of the Admiralties, Los Negros, where they were to make a reconnaissance of force and if feasible, capture Momote Airdrome and secure a beachhead for the reinforcements that would follow.
The landing at Hayane Harbor took the Japanese by surprise.
The first three waves of the assault troops from the 2nd Squadron, 5th Regiment reached the beach virtually unscathed.
The fourth wave was less lucky.
By then the Japanese had been able to readjust their guns to fire lower and some casualties were suffered.
Following the invasion of Los Negros, the 8th Regiment departed from New Guinea as the part of the reinforcements for the Admiralty Campaign.
On 09 March 1944, they landed at Salami Beach, Los Negros Island.
By 10-11 of March, mop up operations were underway all over the northern half of Los Negros and attention was being shifted to a much bigger objective immediately to the west; Manus Island.
The Manus Island invasion commenced at dawn 15 March, with heavy shelling, naval bombardment and air attacks.
Soon afterward, the 2nd Brigade, under the command of Brigadier General Verne D.
Mudge, surprised the enemy by swarming ashore at two beaches near the Lugos Mission Plantation.
By dusk the 1st Squadron of the 8th Cavalry regiment had advanced past snipers and scattered resistance and dug in on the western edge of Lorengau Airdrome, the last airfield controlled by the Japanese.
Lorengau Airdrome was captured the next day, after the 7th Cavalry moved up to relieve the weary 8th Cavalry fighters.
On 18 March, the 2nd Brigade crossed the river in force and drove the enemy from Lorengau Village.
The objectives were Rossum, a small village south of Lorengau and Salsia Plantation.
By 21 March, the 8th Cavalry had won control of most of the plantation, but the battle for Rossum was slowed by heavy jungle which the Japanese used to their advantage.
After 96 hours of bitter combat the 1st Squadron, 7th Cavalry was relieved by the 1st Squadron, 8th Cavalry.
The final push to Rossum was made behind heavy artillery fire and air bombardment.
On 28 March, the battle for Los Negros and Manus was over, except for mopping up operations.
The Admiralty Islands campaign officially ended on 18 May 1944.
Japanese casualties stood at 3,317 killed.
Training, discipline, determination and ingenuity had won over suicidal attacks.
The 8th Cavalry Troopers were now seasoned Veterans.
On 12 October 1944, Columbus Day, the 1st Cavalry Division sailed away from its hard earned base in the Admiralties for the Leyte invasion, Operation KING II.
On 20 October, the invasion force must have appeared awesome to the waiting Japanese as it swept toward the eastern shores of Leyte.
Held in Corps reserve, the 8th Cavalry Regiment moved into the fighting on 23 October.
The 1st Squadron, 8th Cavalry drove up a highway leading northwest of Tacloban and the 2nd Squadron advanced along the southern shore of the Sab Jaunico Strait which sealed off the route and opened the way for the invasion of Samar on 24 October.
On Samar, after many patrols and skirmishes, the war heated up for the 8th Cavalry Regiment.
On 05 December, the regiment was ordered to seize the town of Wright and establish control over the southwestern portion of the island.
The Barrio of Hinabangan fell on 07 December, the third anniversary of Pearl Harbor.
The Troopers fought their way into Wright on 13 December, and by 21 December, the towns of Catbalogan and Taft fell and the Campaign of Samar officially came to an end.
With the last of the strongholds of Leyte eliminated, the division moved on to Luzon, the main island of the Philippines.
Leyte had been the biggest campaign of the Pacific war, but the record was about to be shattered by the invasion of Luzon.
On 26 January, conveys were formed and departed for the Lingayan Gulf, Luzon Island, the Philippines.
Landing without incident on 27 January, the regiment assembled in an area near Guimba and prepared for operations in the south and southwest areas.
Go around the Japs, bounce off the Japs, save your men, but get to Manila!
Free the internees at Santo Tomas!
Take the 908 blackjack Palace the presidential palace and the legislative building!
The rescue column, led by Brigadier General William C.
Chase was a high risk gamble from the beginning.
The column was able to get around, over and past each obstacle in its path.
Since the operation had begun, its units had been fortunate enough to find bridges and fordable crossings almost everywhere they went.
The column was able to get around, over and past each obstacle in its path.
The 37th Division, on the other hand, was slowed down by difficult crossings which forced it to either ferry its artillery and tanks across or wait for the engineers to build bridges.
On 03 February, elements of the 1st Cavalry Division pushed into the northern outskirts of Manila, with only the steep-sided Tuliahan River separating them from the city proper.
A squadron of the 8th Cavalry reached the bridge just moments after Japanese Soldiers had finished preparing it for demolition.
As the two sides opened fire on one another, the Japanese lit the fuse leading to the carefully placed explosives.
Sutton, a Navy demolitions expert attached to the division, dashed through the enemy fire and cut the burning fuse.
The way to Manila was now clear.
At 1835 hours, 03 February, the rescue column crossed the city limits of Manila.
As the gates were opened, cheering Filipinos emerged and helped the cavalrymen set up a defense perimeter around the palace grounds.
The Japanese guards put up little resistance.
By 2100 hours, the internment camp at Santo Tomas was liberated and the prisoners, many of whom had been incarcerated for nearly two years, were liberated.
By 03 March 1945, organized resistance in Manila was finally wiped out.
The next assignment given to the First Cavalry was the difficult task of cracking the Shimbu Line, a few miles east of Manila, and securing a front from Taytay on the North to Antiplo on the South.
The goal was to prevent Japanese reinforcements from reaching Manila.
The First Cavalry fought regiments abreast as it destroyed the Southern flank of the Shimbu Line.
From north to south, the units involved were the 5th, 7th, 8th and 12th Regiments.
Once high ground had been taken, the Troopers were given a weeks rest before taking on a new assignment to help clear southern Luzon of organized Japanese resistance.
On 30 June 1945, when the Luzon Campaign was declared finally completed, the First Cavalry was in Lucena, at the southern end of the Tayabas Province.
On 13 August, the 1st Cavalry Division was alerted that they were selected to accompany General Douglas MacArthur to Tokyo and would be part of the 8th Army in the occupation of Japan.
On 02 September, the long convey of ships steered into Yokohama Harbor and past the battleship Missouri where General MacArthur would later receive the Japanese surrender party.
At noon on 05 September 1945, a reconnaissance party headed by Colonel Charles A.
Sheldon, the Chief of Staff of the 1st Cavalry Division, entered Tokyo.
This embarkment was the first official movement of American personnel into the capital of the mighty Japanese Empire.
At 0800 hours on 08 September, a history making convey left Hara-Machida with Tokyo as their destination.
Headed by Major General William C.
Chase, commanding general of the 1st Cavalry Division, the party included a Veteran from each troop of the division.
Passing through Hachioji, Fuchu and Chofu, the Cavalry halted briefly at the Tokyo City Limits.
The first mission of the division was to assume control of the city.
On 16 September, the 1st Division was given responsibility for occupying the entire city of Tokyo and the adjacent parts of Tokyo and Saitama Prefectures.
The command posts of the 1st Brigade, 5th Cavalry and 12th Cavalry were situated at Camp McGill at Otawa, approximately 20 miles south of Yokohama.
The 2nd Brigade maintained its command post at the Imperial Guard Headquarters Buildings in Tokyo, while the 7th Cavalry was situated at the Merchant Marine School.
The 8th Cavalry occupied the 3rd Imperial Guard Regiment Barracks in Tokyo, which provided greater proximity to security missions at the American and Russian Embassies and the Imperial Palace grounds.
Division Headquarters and other units were stationed at Camp Drake near Tokyo.
Over the next five years, until the outbreak of the Korean War, the regiment was able to perform many valuable duties and services that helped Japan reconstruct and create a strong, viable economy.
On 25 March 1949, the reorganization which began in 1945, was completed by redesignating troops as companies.
It happened before dawn on 25 June 1950.
The decision of the United States to send immediate aid to South Korea came two days after the fast moving North Korean broke through the ROK defenses and sent tanks into the capital city of Seoul.
In addition to the Air Force, Navy an Marines, a 1,000 man battalion from the 24th Infantry Division, including many specialists and noncommissioned officers transferred from the 1st Cavalry Division, arrived 30 June with a promise that more help was on the way.
On 18 July the 1st Cavalry Division was ordered to Korea.
Initially scheduled to make an amphibious landing at Inchon, it was redirected to the southeastern coast of Korea at Pohang-dong a port 80 miles north of Pusan.
The North Koreans were 25 miles away when elements of the 1st Cavalry Division swept ashore to successfully carry out the first amphibious landing of the Korean War.
The 8th Cavalry Regiment, reinforced by division artillery and other units, moved by rail, truck and jeep to relieve the 21st Regiment, 24th Division near Yongdong.
By 22 July, all regiments were deployed in battle positions; in itself a remarkable logistical achievement in the face of Typhoon Helene that pounded the Korean coastline.
The 1st Battalion, 8th Regiment was deployed north of Taegu, now the temporary capital of South Korea and astride the direct line of enemy advance.
In the meantime the 2nd Battalion, 8th Regiment held positions on the road from Maju to the southwest.
Their baptism of fire came on 23 July.
The 8th Regiment was hit by heavy artillery fire and mortar barrage, and North Korean infantrymen swarmed toward their entrenched positions.
The next day the Troopers suffered their learn more here severe combat losses.
For more than 50 days between mid July and mid September, the First team Troopers and the UN Forces performed the difficult, bloody task of holding on to the vital Pusan Perimeter.
The turning point in this bloody battle came on 15 September 1950, when MacArthur unleashed his plan to go around the advancing North Korean Army, Operation Chromite — an amphibious landing at Inchon, far behind the North Korean lines.
In spite of the many negative operational reasons given by critics of the plan, the Inchon landing was an immediate success allowing the 1st Cavalry Division to break out of the perimeter and start fighting north.
The routes North was heavily mined.
From 28 September to 03 October, major efforts concentrated on mopping up operations of the large sector assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division.
By 04 October, the division had re-instated the Northern offensive movements.
On 05 October, the 1st Cavalry Division advanced north of Seoul for the purpose of securing the US I Corps assembly area near the 38th Parallel.
On 07 October, the 16th Reconnaissance Company entered Kaesong, and that evening elements of the 1st Battalion, 8th Cavalry Regiment, arrived there.
By evening of 08 October the 7th and 8th Cavalry Regiments had secured the I Corps assembly area in the vicinity of Kaesong.
Some of the troops were within small arms range of the 38th Parallel.
On 09 October, the 1st Cavalry Division crossed the 38th Parallel.
On 19 October, Troopers of the 1st Cavalry Division crashed into Pyongyang, capturing the capital city of North Korea.
In late October 1950, orders came from I Corps to saddle up the rest of the division and move north.
The Korean war seemed to be nearing a conclusion.
The North Korean forces were being squeezed into a shrinking perimeter blackjack insignia mobile strike the Yalu and the borders of Red China and Manchuria.
By now, more than 135,000 Red troops had been captured and the North Korean Army was nearly destroyed.
On 25 October 1950, the Korean War took a grim new turn.
The sudden intervention of Communist Chinese forces dashed hopes of a quick end to the war.
Later in the day of the 29th, the 8th Cavalry received orders to attack all the way to the Yalu River.
On 31 October, at about 1500 hours, the Chinese Communist Forces cut the main road South.
Meanwhile, the 7th Cavalry Regiment had been called up from Chinnampo to assist in the withdrawal.
By 01 November, the 8th Cavalry Regiment had advanced to within 50 miles of the Red China border and the three battalions had moved up to relieve part of the ROK 1st Division.
Later in the morning of 01 November, patrols from the 1st and 2nd Battalions, 8th Cavalry, clashed with Soldiers clearly identified as Red Chinese.
Contact with the Chinese had begun increasing that afternoon, starting in the sector of the 1st Battalion, north of Unsan, then spreading west into the sector covered by the 2nd Battalion.
By 1200 hours 01 November, the Chinese had cut and blocked the main road six air miles south of Unsan with sufficient strength to turn back two rifle companies which had been strongly supported by air strikes during daylight hours.
The CCF had set the stage for an attack that night against the 8th Cavalry Regiment and the ROK 15th Regiment.
In the afternoon of 01 November, the CCF attack north of Unsan had gained regles du en video against the ROK 15th Regiment on the east, and gradually it extended west into the zone of the 8th Cavalry Regiment.
There was also something new in the enemy fire, support-rockets fired from trucks.
When dusk fell that evening enemy Soldiers were on three sides of the 8th Cavalry — the north, west, and south.
Only the ground to the east, held by the ROK 15th Regiment, was not in Chinese possession.
At 2330 hours, the CCF launched an all out attack on the positions of the 1st Battalion, 8th Cavalry.
As the battle grew, the attack of the CCF, well planned and executed in strength, broke through the ROK 15th Regiment.
Following the issue of warning alerts of an impending withdrawal and armed with the most recent intelligence data, Colonel Holmes, Chief of Staff, 1st Cavalry Division, issued a final order for the 8th Cavalry Regiment to withdraw at 2400 hours.
Soon afterwards, at about 0100 hours 02 November, the CCF cut the withdrawal route of the 1st and 2nd Battalions.
The 1st Battalion, 8th Cavalry had expended its basic ammunition as well as the reserve which had been sent down from the Regiment.
The 1st Battalion Commanding Officer, Major Millikin requested additional issues of ammunition.
Receiving the division withdrawal order at midnight, with the 1st and 2nd Battalions, 8th Cavalry in heavy contact, the Regimental Commander, Colonel Palmer ordered a withdrawal to the south.
The plan was for the 3rd Battalion to cover the withdrawal.
In addition, the 7th Cavalry was called from Chinnampo to assist in the withdrawal.
The entire rear areas were swarming with the CCF.
With heavy close-in fighting, the convoys of the 8th Cavalry Regimental Command Post RCP along with the 1st and 2nd Battalions managed withdraw under fire and to break through the CCF lines.
Mostly, the men withdrew in scattered groups or as individuals.
Many of the groups were lost as well as critical equipment needed to support the withdrawal.
By 0200 hours, 02 November, the Chinese had blocked the last remaining road for a possible retreat overland.
South of Unsan, the 3rd Battalion, commanded by Major Ormond, had dug in just north of the Nammyon River.
By dawn, the entire 3rd Battalion was completely surrounded.
The bulk of the 3rd Battalion was trapped by the Chinese.
They formed into two islands of resistance.
All day long fighter aircraft and bombers pounded the enemy positions.
The battalion took heavy losses in its officers and enlisted men.
The Commanding Officer, Major Ormond, was badly wounded and the staff were all wounded or missing in action.
The Troopers used the daylight respite gained from the air cover to dig an elaborate series of trenches and retrieve rations and ammunition from the vehicles that had escaped destruction.
A L-5 plane flew over and dropped a mail bag of morphine and bandages.
At dusk, a helicopter also appeared and hovered momentarily a few feet above the 3rd Battalion, intending to land and evacuate the more seriously wounded, but enemy fire hit it and it departed without landing.
The battalion group was able to communicate with the pilot of a Mosquito plane overhead who said a relief column was on its way.
The 5th Cavalry, after receiving more than 350 casualties, pulled back.
Just after dark, a plane dropped a message to the 3rd Battalion with orders that they are to begin an orderly withdrawal.
The withdrawal route indicated was the only one possible, east from the road fork south of Unsan, across the Kuryong River, and then by the main supply route of the ROK 1st Division to Ipsok and Yongbyon.
Major Millikin, 1st Battalion Commanding Officer, telephoned Colonel William Walton, 2nd Battalion Commanding Officer, that he would try to hold Unsan until the 2nd Battalion cleared the road junction south of it.
Then he would withdraw.
The 3rd Battalion, south of Unsan, was to bring up the regimental rear.
At dusk on 02 November, the Troops who were able to fight were ordered to attempt to break through the surrounding enemy.
Among thse troops, Father Kapauna, a chaplin with Headquarters Company, 8th Cavalry Regiment and also a World War II Veteran, sacrificed his own safety while the regiment was attacked by hostile forces as he moved among the wounded to provide medical aid and comfort.
After examining all the options, the remaining men of the 3rd Battalion decided to stand and fight even though they faced a full division of the CCF.
The night brought a heavy bombardment of 120mm mortar fire and a mass attack by the CCF.
Over a thousand enemy died outside the perimeter.
With their own ammunition nearly spent, during the lull that followed, the men searched the battlefield around the perimeter to retrieve weapons and ammunition from the enemy dead.
On the please click for source of 03 November a three man patrol went to the former battalion command post dugout and discovered that during the night the Chinese had taken out some of the wounded.
That day there was no air support.
Remaining rations were given to the wounded.
Enemy fire kept everyone under cover.
The night of 03 November was a repetition of the preceding one, another barrage followed by a mass attack, with the Chinese working closer all the time.
With their own ammunition almost gone, after each enemy attack had been driven back, the men would crawl out and retrieve weapons and ammunition from the enemy dead.
The morning of 04 November disclosed that there were about 200 men left able to fight.
Casualties had risen to about 250 men.
A discussion of the situation brought the decision that those blackjack insignia mobile strike physically able to make the attempt should try to escape.
The remaining forces of the battalion broke up into small groups and withdrew in an attempt to escape under the cover of darkness.
Some were successful and many were not.
Most of those men were either killed or captured that day, apparently in the vicinity of Yongbyon.
Father Kapaun however, remained behind to administer medical treatment and render religious rites wherever needed.
Upon capture, Kapaun and other POWs were forced to walk more than 85 miles to the city of Pyoktong, North Korea.
While forcibly walking this march through snow and ice, Kapaun assisted the wounded and encouraged other Soldiers to do the same.
In the next twelve days, The Eighth Army assigned 22 officers and 616 enlisted men as replacements to the 1st Cavalry Division.
Nearly all of them went to the 8th Cavalry Regiment.
This event would be the most painful chapter in the proud history of the 1st Cavalry Division.
At approximately 1600 hours on the afternoon of 06 November, the action of the 3rd Battalion, 8th Cavalry, as an organized force came to an end.
Eventually the estimate was revised to a count of more than 600 officers and men that were lost at Unsan, most of them from the 3rd Battalion.
The heroic 3rd Battalion commander, Major Ormond, was among the wounded captured by the CCF in the perimeter beside the Kuryong.
He subsequently died of his wounds and, according to some reports of surviving prisoners, was buried beside the road about five miles north of Unsan.
Of his immediate staff, the battalion S-2 and S-4 also lost their lives in the Unsan action.
About ten officers and somewhat less than 200 enlisted men of the 3rd Battalion escaped to rejoin the regiment.
There were a few others who escaped later, some from captivity, and were given the status of recovered allied personnel.
Two weeks after the Unsan action, tank patrols were still bringing in men wounded at Unsan and fortunate enough to have been sheltered and cared for something cannery blackjack tournament speak friendly Koreans.
On 22 November, the Chinese themselves, in a propaganda move, turned free 27 men who had been prisoners for two weeks or longer, 19 of them captured from the 8th Cavalry Regiment at Unsan.
While he was held captive, Father Kapaun attended around to more than 200 men that were also captive to say prayers and give support.
He also secretly moved able-bodied men out to the countryside at night, while avoiding guards, to get food and firewood to help keep the prisoners alive.
For his actions, he was posthumously awarded the Distinguished Service Cross 18 August, 1951.
On 11 April 2013, the award of the Distinguished Service Cross was upgraded to the Medal of Honor by President Barrack Obama.
Although Father Kapaun did not survive to be liberated along with hundreds of the prisoners he learn more here to and assisted, his faith, honor and selfless devotion to duty reflects the finest tradition of the US Army, the 1st Cavalry Division and the Army Chaplain Corps.
Place and date: Unsan, Korea, November 1-2, 1950.
Entered service at: Kansas.
Though the Americans successfully repelled the assault, they found themselves surrounded by the enemy.
Facing annihilation, the able-bodied men were ordered to evacuate.
However, Chaplain Kapaun, fully aware of his certain capture, elected to stay behind with the wounded.
After the enemy succeeded in breaking through the defense in the early morning hours of 02 November, Chaplain Kapaun continually made rounds, as hand-to-hand combat ensued.
As Chinese Communist Forces approached the American position, Chaplain Kapaun noticed an injured Chinese officer amongst the wounded and convinced him to negotiate the safe surrender of the American Forces.
Shortly after his capture, Chaplain Kapaun, with complete disregard for his personal safety and unwavering resolve, bravely pushed aside an enemy Soldier preparing to execute Sergeant First Class Herbert A.
In order to execute their battle plan, the Chinese and the nearly beaten North Korean forces had a trio of powerful read more located half way around the world.
Three Britons, two working in the British Embassy in Washington, DC and a third heading the American Department in London, were Soviet agents.
The three spies; H.
Copies of communications relative to military planning of UN military organizations was sent directly to Moscow and relayed to Peking.
A massive confrontation with the Chinese seemed inevitable.
But the Chinese did the unexpected; they drew back into the frozen hills from which they had suddenly materialized.
On 24 November, General MacArthur launched a counter attack of 100,000 UN troops.
Taking a chance, General MacArthur believed it necessary to push the Chinese back across the border.
On 25 November, the 1st Cavalry Division moved up to the Taedong River, positioning behind the front lines.
With reinforcements, the Chinese were stopped at Sinchang-ni on 29 November.
The counterattack this web page the UN time to set up new defensive lines and begin an orderly withdrawal from North Korea.
By 28 December, the true extent of the enemy buildup had become continue reading />There was at least 20 Red Chinese divisions poised for a drive on Seoul.
Now there was almost a million and a half Chinese and North Korean troops on the Korean peninsula.
The UN Command had less than less than 250,000 seasoned Soldiers to repulse this juggernaut.
The new year began unexpectedly quiet.
The First Team defenders readied their weapons, shored up their defenses and waited in the bitter cold.
This time there was no surprise when the Chinese artillery began pounding the UN lines in the first few minutes of 1951.
The units forward of the 38th Parallel were hit by the Chinese crossing the frozen Imjin River.
Ignoring heavy losses, the Chinese crawled through mine fields and barbed wire.
The United Nations Forces abandoned Seoul and fell back to the Han River.
The Chinese drive lost its momentum when it crossed the Han and a lull fell over the front.
On 25 January 1951, the First Team, joined by the revitalized 3rd Battalion, 8th Cavalry rebounding from its tragedy at Unsan, moved back into action.
The movement began as a reconnaissance in force to locate and assess the size of the Red Army, believed to be at least 174,000.
The Eight Army moved slowly and methodically, ridge by ridge, phase line by phase line, wiping out each pocket of resistance before moving farther North.
The advance covered 2 miles a day, despite heavy blinding snowstorms and subzero temperatures.
On 14 February, heavy fighting erupted around an objective known as Hill 578, which was finally was taken by the 7th Cavalry after overcoming stiff Chinese resistance.
During this action General MacArthur paid a welcome visit to the 1st Team.
The First Cavalry slowly advanced though snow and later, when it became warm, through torrential rains.
The Red Army was slowly; but firmly, being pushed back.
On 14 March, the 3rd Battalion, 8th Cavalry had crossed the Hangchon River and on the 15th, Seoul was recaptured by elements of the 8th Army.
On 22 April, 21 Chinese and 9 North Korean divisions slammed into Line Kansas.
Their main objective was to recapture Seoul.
The First Cavalry joined in the defense line and the bitter battle to keep the Reds out of the South Korean Capital.
Stopped at Seoul, on 15 May, the Chinese attempted a go around maneuver in the dark.
From 09 June to 27 November, the 1st Cavalry took on various rolls in the summer-fall campaign of the United Nations.
On 18 July, a year after it had entered the war, the 1st Cavalry Division was assigned to a reserve status.
This type of duty did not last for long.
On the nights of 21 and 23 September, the 2nd and 3rd Battalions, 7th Cavalry repulsed waves of Red Chinese with hand to hand fighting.
On 03 October, the 1st Team moved out from Line Wyoming and immediately into Chinese fire.
For the next two days; hills were taken, lost and retaken.
On the third day, the Chinese lines began to break in front of the 7th Cavalry.
On 05 October, the 8th Cavalry recaptured Hill 418, a flanking hill on which the northern end of Line Jamestown was anchored.
On 10 — 11 October, the Chinese counterattacked; twice, unsuccessfully against the 7th Cavalry.
Two days later, the 8th Cavalry took the central pivot of the line, Hill 272.
The Troopers did not know it, but Line Jamestown would be their last major combat of the Korean War.
By December 1951, the division, after 549 days of continuous fighting, began rotation back to Hokkaido, Japan.
The final echelon of the 1st Team, the 8th Cavalry Regiment, left for Japan on 30 December.
The First Team had performed tough duties with honor, pride and valor with distinction.
On 27 November, the advance party from the division, left Korea and by late January 1952, all units had arrived on Hokkaido, under the command of Major General Thomas L.
Arriving in the port of Muroran, each unit was loaded on trains and moved to the new garrison areas.
Three camps were established outside Sappro, the Islands capital city.
Division Headquarters and the 7th Cavalry Regiment were stationed at Camp Crawford.
The 5th Cavalry was stationed at Camp Chitose, Area I.
The 8th Cavalry, the last unit to leave Korea, was stationed at Camp Chitose, Area II.
The division controlled a huge training area of 155,000 acres.
The mission of the division was to defend the Island of Hokkaido and to maintain maximum combat readiness.
On 16 October 1952, the 8th Regiment began debarkation at Pohangdon, Korea.
History had repeated itself on this date, for the 8th Cavalry, three years and two months earlier, had participated in the first amphibious landing of the Korean conflict.
For the next two months the regiment performed security missions around the familiar cities of Pusan and Taegu, away from the main fighting.
By 20 December, the 8th Cavalry Troopers were all back in Hokkaido in time to celebrate Christmas.
The Korean War wound down to a negotiated halt when the long awaited armistice was signed at 10:00 on 27 July 1953.
A DeMilitarized Zone DMZa corridor — 4 kilometers wide and 249 kilometers long, was established dividing North and South Korea.
The nominal line of the buffer zone is along the 38th parallel; however, the final negotiations of the adjacent geographical areas, gave the North Korean Government some 850 square miles south of the 38th parallel and the South Korean Government some 2,350 square miles north of it.
In September 1954, the Japanese assumed full responsibility for defending the Island of Hokkaido and the former home of the 1st Cavalry Division was turned over to the Japanese Ground Self Defense Forces.
The entire First Team was relocated to the main Island of Honshu.
Headquarters, 1st Cavalry Division and the 5th Cavalry Regiment were moved to Camp Schimmelpfennig outside Sendai.
The 7th Cavalry Regiment and the 29th AAA AW Battalion occupied Camp Haugen, near Hachinohe.
The 8th Cavalry Regiment began a motorized transport to a seaport, boarded LSTs for a rough journey to the main island of Honshu, landing in Tokyo Bay.
Undertaking a combined march and motorized transport of 65 miles, they ended up at Camp Whittington, an abandoned Japanese airbase, located near Koisumi, north of Tokyo.
For the next three years the Division guarded the northern sections of Honshu until a treaty was signed by the governments of Japan and the United States in 1957.
On 20 August 1957, the First Cavalry Division, guarding the northern sections of Honshu, Japan was reduced to zero strength and transferred to Korea minus equipment.
In ceremonies held on 15 October, the colors of the 24th Division were retired and the colors of the 1st Cavalry Division were passed to the Commanding General of the old 24th Division, Major General Ralph W.
The 1st Cavalry Division took over the facilities of the former 24th Infantry Division who were stationed at a Headquarters Compound located in the western defense corridor located at Bong il Chong in the Paju City area.
Previous tenants, the 1st Marine Division, had relocated the summer villa and converted the rice patties, at the entrance to the valley, into an attractive lake.
By the time the 1st Cavalry Division arrived, they were able to be billeted in permanent Quonset huts which had been constructed during a major program to improve the troops living conditions.
fans battle pokerstars password addition to their assigned duties of patrol along the southern border of the DMZ, training remained a number one priority for the Troopers and unit commanders.
In January 1958, the largest training exercise in Korea since the end of hostilities, Operation Snowflake, was conducted.
This exercise was followed by Operation Saber in May and Operation Horsefly in August.
In June 1965, the 8th Cavalry Regiment began rotation back to the United States along with other units of the 1st Cavalry Division.
NOTE — Although fighting was stopped, in July 1953, by the armed truce, North and South Korea have remained officially in a state of war for forty-five years, signified by the fact that over 1,000 UN personnel have been killed in duty at the DMZ.
As of today, because of communist obstructionist tactics, years have gone by and no peace treaty has ever been agreed to and signed.
The roots of the Vietnam War started in 1946 with the beginning of the First Indochina War.
Vietnam was under French control at that time as was Laos and Cambodiaand the Vietnamese, under the leadership of Ho Chi Minh, wanted independence.
So the Vietnamese and French fought each other in Vietnam.
Eventually, in 1954, the Vietnamese defeated the French and both countries signed the Geneva Peace Accords, which, among other things, established a temporary division in Vietnam at the 17th parallel.
The division of the country eventually led to the Vietnamese War.
The Geneva Accords stated that the division was to be temporary, and that national elections in 1956 would reunite the country.
But the United States did not want to see Vietnam turn into a communist state, so the US supported the creation of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization, which provided defense for South Vietnam.
North Vietnam, then called the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, wanted a communist state, and South Vietnam, then called the Republic of Vietnam, wanted a non-communist state.
In 1956, Ngo Dihn Diem, an anti-communist, won the presidential election in South Vietnam.
But communist opposition in the south caused Diem numerous problems.
And in 1959, southern communists decided to implement greater violence to try to oust Diem.
This led to the formation of the National Liberation Front NLF.
The NLF was a group of communists and non-communists who opposed diem and sought his ouster.
In 1961, President John F.
Kennedy sent a group to South Vietnam to determine what actions the US needed to take to assist them.
In the end, Kennedy compromised and decided to increase the number of military advisors, but with the objective of not to engage in a massive military buildup.
But in 1963, the government of Diem quickly began to unravel.
The Buddhist monks immediately began protesting in the streets, and in Saigon on 05 October, 1963, one monk died by self-immolation.
This incident caused international outrage and Diem was soon overthrown and killed.
On 02 August, 1964, North Vietnam attacked an American ship in the Gulf of Tonkin that resulted in congress enacted the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, which granted the president broad war powers.
Johnson was the president at the time, and the Gulf of Tonkin incident and the resultant resolution marked the beginning of the major military build-up of America in the Vietnam War.
In 1965, massive bombing missions by the US in North Vietnam, known as Operation ROLLING THUNDER, quickly escalated the conflict.
The 1st Cavalry Division went home in 1965, but only long enough to be reorganized and be prepared for a new mission.
On 01 July 1965, the 1st Cavalry Division Airmobile was officially activated.
It was made up of resources of the 11th Air Assault Division Test and brought to full strength by transfer of specialized elements of the 2nd Infantry Division.
As a part of this reorganization, the 1st Battalion Airborne 188th Infantry was redesignated the 1st Battalion Airborne8th Cavalry Regiment and the 1st Battalion Airborne511th Infantry was redesignated the 2nd Battalion, Airborne8th Cavalry Regiment.
On 03 July 1965, in Doughboy Stadium at Fort Benning, Georgia the colors of the 11th Air Assault Division Test were cased and retired.
As the band played the rousing strains of Garryowen, the colors of the 1st Cavalry Division were moved onto the field.
An advance party, on board C-124s and C-130s, arrived at Nha Trang between the 19th and 27th of August 1965.
They joined with advance liaison forces and established a temporary base camp near An Khe, 36 miles inland from the coastal city of Qui Nhon.
The remainder of the 1st Cavalry Division arrived by ship, landing at the harbor of Qui Nhon on the 12th and 13th of September, the 44th anniversary of the 1st Cavalry Division.
The First Team had entered its third war — and the longest tour of duty in combat history.
The ARVN 22nd Division was to make the initial contact and drive the Viet Cong toward the 3rd Brigade, deployed as a blocking action.
The air assault task force consisted of the 1st and 2nd Battalions, 7th Cavalry, 1st Squadron, 9th Cavalry, 1st Battalion, 12th Cavalry and the 1st Battalion, 21st Artillery.
Rather than standing and fighting, the Viet Cong chose to disperse and slip away.
Only light contact was achieved.
The Troopers had but a short wait before they faced a tougher test of their fighting skills; the 35-day Pleiku Campaign.
On 23 October 1965, the first real combat test came at the historic order of General Westmoreland to send the First Team into an air assault mission to pursue and fight the enemy across 2,500 square miles of jungle.
Troopers of the 1st Brigade and 1st Squadron, 9th Cavalry swooped down on the NVA 33rd regiment before it could get away from Plei Me.
The enemy regiment was scattered in the confusion and was quickly smashed.
The 2-8th Cavalry fought the 33rd NVA Regiment near LZ Cavalarir on 4 November.
The 3rd Brigade joined the fighting on 09 November.
Five days later, the 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry air assaulted into the Ia Drang Valley near the Chu Pong Massif.
Marm of the 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry.
The fighting, the most intensive combat in the history of the division, raged for three days.
When the 2nd Brigade surged into the melee, the North Vietnamese decided to cut their losses and flee from the Ia Drang Valley.
When the Pleiku Campaign ended on 25 November, Troopers of the First Team had killed 3,561 North Vietnamese Soldiers and captured 157 more.
The Troopers destroyed two of three regiments of a North Vietnamese Division, earning the first Presidential Unit Citation given to a division in Vietnam.
The enemy had been given their first major defeat and their carefully laid plans for conquest had been torn apart.
From a position northeast of the valley, Troopers moved down from high ground to sweep through suspected VC areas.
In the first 17 days of 1966, the 1st and 2nd Brigades were airlifted west of Pleiku and Kontum for Operation Matador.
The mission ended 06 March 1966, with the enemy losing its grip on the Binh Dinh Province, however its name would be heard again and again during the next six years.
On 16 May, Operation Crazy Horse, another search and destroy mission began in the jungle hills between Suoi Ca and Vinh Thanah valleys.
Soon the entire 1st Brigade was involved pokerowned freeroll bitter engagements in tall elephant grass and heavily canopied jungle.
Once the enemy was surrounded, all available firepower was concentrated on the area.
The Viet Cong regiment was hit with artillery, aerial rockets, tactical air strikes by F-4s and bombs from high flying B-52s.
Many of the enemy Soldiers, trying to flee the devastation, were cut down in Cavalry ambushes.
The Medal of Honor was bestowed upon Specialist Four David C.
Repeatedly, he dodged fire from Viet Cong heavy machine guns and crawled forward close to enemy positions and hurled smoke grenades that market them as targets for aerial rocket artillery.
He carried wounded Soldiers to safety and repeatedly wiped out Viet Cong machine guns until he and his men were ordered to withdraw.
When Crazy Horse was concluded on 05 June 1966, the bodies of 507 Viet Cong Soldiers were counted and another 380 were believed killed.
Many important military documents, detailing the Viet Cong infrastructure in Binh Dinh, were discovered.
Thayer I was the largest air assault yet launched by the 1st Cavalry Division.
On 16 September, Troopers of the 1st Brigade discovered an enemy regimental hospital, a factory for making grenades, antipersonnel mines and a variety of weapons.
On 19 September, elements of the 2nd Battalion, 8th Cavalry traded fire with two NVA combat support companies east of Kim Song Valley in the Highway 506 Valley.
On 13 February 1967, Operation Pershing began in a territory which was familiar to many skytroopers, the Bong Son Plain in northern Binh Dinh Province.
For the first time, the First Cavalry Division committed all three of its divisions to the same battle area.
ARVN Soldiers familiar with the methods of the VC operations in the Bong Son Plain helped the skytroopers locate and eliminate the numerous caves and tunnels infiltrated by the enemy.
For nearly a year the division scoured the Bong Son Plain, An Lao Valley and the hills of costal II Corps, seeking out enemy units and their sanctuaries.
Pershing became a tedious, unglamorous mission that produced 18 major engagements and numerous minor skirmishes in the 11 month campaign.
These call names stayed with the units through the end of the Vietnam involvement in 1972.
When the operation ended on 21 January, the enemy had lost 5,401 Soldiers and 2,400 enemy Soldiers had been captured.
In addition, some 1,300 individual and 137 crew weapons had been captured or destroyed.
On January 31 1968, amid the celebration of the Vietnamese New Year, the enemy launched the Tet Offensive, a major effort to overrun South Vietnam.
Some 7,000 enemy, well equipped, crack NVA regulars blasted their way into the imperial city of Hue, overpowering all but a few pockets of resistance held by ARVN troops and the US Marines.
Within 24 hours, the invaders were joined by 7,000 NVA reinforcements.
The Cavalry went on the move with four companies of skytroopers from the 1st Battalions of the 5th and 12th Cavalry who arrived at the village of Thorn An Thai, just east of Quang Tri.
Under heavy aerial rocket attack, the enemy quickly broke off the Quang Tri attack, dispersed into small groups and attempted to escape.
Quang ri was liberated within 10 days.
Following fierce fighting at Thorn La Chu, the 3rd Brigade moved toward embattled city of Hue.
The southwest wall of the city was soon taken after the 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry overcome severe resistance and linked up with the 5th Battalion.
At this point, the NVA and Viet Cong invaders were driven from Hue by late February.
The Tet offensive was over.
The NVA and Viet Cong had suffered a massive defeat, with 32,000 killed and 5,800 captured.
On 01 April 1968, the 3rd Brigade, making a massive air assault within 5 miles of Khe Sanh, were soon followed by the 1st and 2nd Brigades and three ARVN Battalions.
After four days of tough fighting, they marched into Khe Sanh to take over the defense of the battered base.
Pursing the retreating North Vietnamese, the 1st Battalion, 12th Cavalry recaptured the Special Forces camp at Lang Vei uncovering large stockpiles of supplies and ammunition.
The final statistics of Operation Pegasus were 1,259 enemy killed and more than 750 weapons captured.
On April 19 1968, Operation Delaware was launched into the cloud-shrouded A Shau Valley, near the Laotian border and 45 kilometers west of Hue.
None of the Free World Forces had been in the valley since 1966, which was now being used as a way station on the supply route known as the Ho Chi Minh Trail.
The first engagement was made by the 1st and 3rd Brigades.
Under fire from mobile, 37 mm cannon and 0.
For the next month the brigades scoured the valley floor, clashing with enemy units and uncovering huge enemy caches of food, arms, ammunition, rockets, and Russian made tanks and bulldozers.
By the time that Operation Delaware was ended on 17 May, the favorite Viet Cong sanctuary had been thoroughly disrupted.
In late 1968, the Division moved and set up operations in III Corps at the other end of South Vietnam.
In February 1969, Operation Cheyenne Sabre began in areas northeast of Bien Hoa.
The year 1969 ended in a high note for the 1st Cavalry Division.
President Nixon has given the go-ahead for the surprise mission.
Ending on 30 June, the mission to Cambodia far exceeded all expectations and proved to be one of the most successful operations of the First Team.
All aspects of ground and air combat had been utilized.
The enemy had lost enough men to field three NVA divisions and enough weapons to equip two divisions.
A years supply of rice and corn had been seized.
The Troopers and the ARVN Soldiers had found uncommonly large quantities of ammunition, including 1.
The sweeps turned up 300 trucks, a Porsche sports car and a plush Mercedes-Benz sedan.
The campaign had severe political repercussions in the United States for the Nixon Administration.
Although there would be further assault operations, the war was beginning to wind down for many Troopers.
Its primary mission was to interdict enemy infiltration and supply routes in War Zone D.
Greatly appreciated by Troopers of the 1st Cavalry, its heavily armed Cobras flew a variety of fire missions in support of the operations of the 3rd Brigade.
Many had volunteered for the extra duty to cover the extended stay of the 1st Cavalry Division.
Most of the initial combat for the new brigade involved small skirmishes.
But the happens. math blackjack probability sorry became bigger and more significant.
They hit a NVA rear service unit holed up in a bunker complex.
During the initial battle, four Troopers were killed in action and eighteen wounded, including all of the leadership of the 2nd platoon, commanded by 1st LT Bill Bott.
After three days of fighting by the remaining company forces and using a combination of ground probes, heavy artillery and air strikes, they were finally able to enter and capture the bunker complex.
Two additional engagements in May of 1971, were typical read more />With help from the Air Force and 3rd Brigade Gunships, the Troopers captured the complex.
Air strikes were called in and the Troopers overran the complex.
The efforts of the 8th Cavalry Regiment were not limited to direct enemy engagements but also, using the experiences gained during the occupation of Japan and Korea, encompassed the essential rebuilding of the war torn country of South Vietnam.
By 31 March 1972, only 96,000 US troops were involved in the Vietnam combat operations.
In mid June 1972, the stand-down ceremony for the 3rd Brigade was held in Bein Hoa and the colors were returned to the United States.
The last Trooper left from Tan Son Nhut on 21 June, completing the division recall which had started on 05 May 1971.
With the 3rd Brigade completing their withdraw, the 1st Cavalry had been the first army division to go to Vietnam and the last to leave.
On 27 January 1973, a cease-fire was signed in Paris by the United States, South Vietnam, North Vietnam, and the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the National Liberation Front NLFthe civilian arm of the South Vietnam Communists.
A Four-Party Joint Military Commission was set up to implement such provisions as the withdrawal of foreign troops and the release of prisoners.
An International Commission of Control and Supervision was established to oversee the cease-fire.
On 05 May 1971, after 28 years, the colors of the 1st Cavalry Division, minus those of the 3rd Brigade, were moved from Vietnam to Texas, its birthplace.
Using the assets and personnel of the 1st Armored Division, located at Fort Hood, Texas the 1st Cavalry Division was reorganized, reassigned to III Corps and received an experimental designation of the Triple-Capability TRICAP Division.
Its mission, under the direction of Modern Army Selected Systems Test, Evaluation and Review MASSTER was to carry on a close identification with and test forward looking combined armor, air cavalry and airmobile concepts.
The new 1st Cavalry Division consisted of the 1st Armored Brigade, the 2nd Air Cavalry Combat Brigade ACCB the 4th Airmobile Infantry Brigade, which the 1st Battalion, 8th Cavalry, formally the 2nd Battalion, 52nd Infantry, was assigned.
Division Artillery provided the fire support and Support Command provided normal troop support and service elements.
TRICAP, an acronym for TRIple-CAPability, was derived from combining the ground mechanized infantry or armor capability, airmobile infantry and air cavalry or attack helicopter forces.
TRICAP I was held at Fort Hood, Texas beginning in February 1972.
The purpose of TRICAP I was to investigate the effectiveness and operational employment of the TRICAP concept at battalion and company levels when conducting tactical operations in a 1979 European mid-intensity warfare environment.
The exercise consisted of six phases; movement to contact, defense and delay, exploitation, elimination of penetration, rear area security and night elimination of penetration in an adjacent area.
On 28 June, the 2nd Battalion was inactivated at Fort Hood, Texas.
Their period of inactivation was short lived.
On 20 April 1974, the 2nd Battalion, 8th Cavalry Regiment was reactivated, redesignated 2nd Battalion, Armor8th Cavalry and reassigned to the 1st Cavalry Division, Fort Hood, Texas where it has been to the present.
The main body of the 1st Cavalry Division, at Fort Hood, under the direction of MASSTER, continued to test future concepts of mobility and flexibility on the battlefield.
The tests continued for three and a half years were very demanding.
It was concluded that the employment of the TRICAP concept at the battalion level appeared to have application in some tactical situations, but employment at company level appeared to be feasible only for short periods of combat and for special missions.
Evaluation also indicated that air cavalry would normally be controlled above the company level.
The battalion task force encountered no combat support problems directly attributable to the TRICAP concept.
On 21 February 1975, the end of TRICAP evaluations, the mission of airmobile anti-armor warfare was transferred to the 6th Cavalry Brigade Air Combat co-located at Fort Hood, Texas and the 1st Cavalry Division was reorganized and redesignated to become the newest Armored Division in the Army, essentially the battle configuration it retains today.
It would not be until the end of the Gulf War and subsequent reorganization of 29 November 1992, when the 1st Battalion, 67th Regiment, 2nd Armored Division would be reflagged as the 3rd Battalion, 8th Cavalry Regiment and assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division, filling out the present organization structure.
In 1980, as part of the continuous Force Modernization and Preparation for combat of the unknown enemies of the future, the division was chosen to field test the new XM-1 tank.
At the same time the division shed the battle weary M551 Sheridan armored reconnaissance airborne assault vehicles for M60 tanks.
Meanwhile, the 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry Regiment and supporting troops of the 8th Cavalry Regiment were deployed to Germany as part of the Emergency Deployment Readiness Exercise to put together a combat ready tank battalion using stored prepositioned equipment.
This mission lead to the formation of the annual autumn exercises to become known as REturn of FORces to GERmany REFORGER.
The first units to attend were the 2nd Battalion, 7th Cavalry and 3rd Battalion, 10th Cavalry of the 2nd Brigade.
The Division now conducts three NTC rotations per year.
The opening ceremonies for the new 1st Cavalry Division Headquarters Building were held in July.
A modern brick, 124,000 square-foot facility replaced the original World War II structures, enabling the housing of the Division Staff under one roof.
Major General William C.
Chase Retiredwho commanded the Division in the final days of World War II through the occupation of Japan, participated in the ribbon cutting which was held during the 36th reunion of the Association.
In the fall of 1983, the division deployed to Europe for the annual REFORGER exercises.
This more info was consistent with the contingency plans for its NATO reinforcement role.
A real test of war equipment repositioned stocks, REFORGER also marked the first time the exercise was lead by the Dutch.
At Fort Hood, the division through deliberate planning, evolved into the combat unit which would be eventually assigned a major role in the Gulf War.
Along with the constant training of personnel, equipment was updated.
The XM-1 tank, renamed the M1 Abrams, was accepted and issued, along with the BFV Bradley M2 Infantry and CFV M3 Cavalry fighting vehicles.
The MSE is augmented by SINGARS, the Single Channel Ground to Air Communication System, which provides unprecedented security using frequency hopping technology.
All of this new equipment saw hard operational use at Fort Hood and by the deployment of brigades to the National Training Center at Fort Irwin, located in the High Mojave Desert of California.
This facility encompasses 1,000 square miles for maneuver training against the best trained opposing force in the world.
The mission of Fort Irwin is to provide tough, realistic combined arms training at battalion task force level using both live fire and opposing forces.
To carry out this mission, the National Training Center has a computerized, live-fire complex with sophisticated targetry, a full-time opposing force, a state-of-the-art range instrumentation system that monitors training battles and full-time combat trainers who observe and control units during exercises.
This effective training could have not come at a more opportune time in the history of the First Team.
On 07 August 1990, a deployment order for the Southwest Asia operations was issued.
Plans calling for the division to deploy by 15 September extended the work day to 14, 16 and in some cases 24 hours.
On schedule, by mid September over 800 heavy loaded vehicles were loaded at the Fort Hood railhead to make the trip to the seaports of Houston and Beaumont.
An additional 4,200 vehicles formed road conveys that left every two hours, around the clock.
On 16 September, in the final drama, Soldiers assembled for roll call, answering their name as called on the manifest.
They were ready as the moment came; busses pulled up and were loaded for the trip to the airfield, The time for future memories had begun as a US Air Force C5A Galaxy, carrying the advanced party of headquarters staff, left Fort Hood, Robert Gray Army Airfield, heading to their rendezvous with destiny.
The United States Army Forces Central Command ARCENT — Kuwait, a major subordinate command of the United States ARCENT of Ft.
The mission of US ARCENT, Kuwait is to acquire, maintain and protect a heavy brigade reinforced equipment set, to plan, direct and support all joint training exercises with the Kuwaiti Armed Forces and, in concert with the Government of Kuwait, to establish and maintain the contingency plans for the security of Kuwait.
The center of Central Command operations is at Camp Doha, twenty miles north of Kuwait City.
Doha is a large logistics base with a working population of over two thousand personnel — US Soldiers and airmen, and both US and Kuwaiti contract personnel.
On 02 August 1990, Iraq invaded Kuwait.
In the background of this invasion there were three basic causes for this action.
First, Kuwait had been part of the Ottoman Empire from the 18th century until 1899 when it asked for, and received, British protection in return for autonomy in local affairs.
In 1961 Britain granted Kuwait independence.
Iraq revived an old claim that Kuwait had been governed as part of an Ottoman province in southern Iraq and was therefore rightfully part of Iraq.
This claim led to several confrontations over the years and continued hostility.
Second, rich deposits of oil straddled the ill-defined border and Iraq constantly claimed that Kuwaiti oil rigs were illegally tapping into Iraqi oil fields.
Middle Eastern deserts make border delineation difficult and this has caused many conflicts in the region.
Iraq also accused Kuwait of producing more oil than allowed under quotas set by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries OPECthereby depressing the price of oil, the main source of money for Iraq.
Finally, the fallout from the First Persian Gulf War between Iraq and Iran strained relations between Baghdad and Kuwait.
Following the end of the war, relations between Iraq and Kuwait deteriorated due to a lack of gratitude and acknowledgement of the Baghdad government for financial assistance and help in logistic support provided by Kuwait during the war and the reawakening of old issues regarding the border and Kuwaiti sovereignty.
On 07 August, President George H.
Bush ordered the organization of Desert Shield.
The order prepared American troops to become part of an international coalition in a war against Iraq that would be launched as Desert Storm in January, 1991.
This was a decision to deploy US forces on a massive scale to eject the Iraqis from Kuwait and protect Saudi Arabia.
The lead unit for this deployment was the VII Corps from Germany.
In August 1990, the 1st Cavalry Division was alerted for deployment to Southwest Asia as part of the joint forces participating in Operation Desert Shield.
The focus at that time was the defense of Saudi Arabia against potential Iraqi attack.
The First Team Recommend spelregels blackjack holland casino not flew from Robert Gray Army Airfield to Dhahran International Airport via Paris, France and Cairo, Egypt.
There, they settled into warehouses and tents to await the arrival of their equipment.
As soon as their equipment arrived, they moved to the remote Assembly Area Horse AA Horse in the Saudi desert 160 miles west of the airport.
By the end of three months intensive training, the 1st Cavalry Division was one of the most modern and powerfully equipped divisions in the Army.
Every tank and Bradley crew test fired their new weapons as part of the new equipment transition training.
In January 1991, the division was attached to VII US Corps and the focus of the First Team clearly began to shift toward offensive action.
This repositioning put the division in a key strategic location covering the historic Wadi al Batin approach into Saudi Arabia and threatening Iraq along the same avenue into western Kuwait, completing defensive preparations along the Tapline Road.
The 1st Brigade tied in with the 6th French Light Division to the left and the 2nd Brigade along topic python blackjack oop are the 101st Airborne Division to the right.
The First Team began a calculated war of deception along the Saudi border.
The goal was to lure Saddam Hussein into believing the main ground attack of the Allies would come up the Wadi al Batin, a natural invasion route, causing him to reposition additional forces there.
During 07 — 20 February, the offensive lines of the 1st Cavalry Division have crept north and are now just below the border.
After thirty-eight days of continuous air attacks on targets in Iraq and Kuwait, the commander of the Allied Forces, General Norman Schwarzkopf unleashed all-out attacks against Iraqi forces very early on 24 February 1991.
Meanwhile, far to the west, the VII Corps and the XVIII Airborne had already began a deep strike into Iraq.
The Blackjack Brigade broke contact after penetrating enemy obstacles, taking fire and causing the enemy to light oil fire trenches.
They withdrew south to rejoin the division for the subsequent series of final attacks.
The enemy reacted as anticipated.
Iraqi divisions focused on the coalition threat in the Wadi, and the First Team froze them.
The deception worked, in that it tied down four Iraqi divisions, leaving their flanks thinned and allowed the VII Corps to attack virtually unopposed, conducting a successful envelopment of Iraqi forces to the west.
Destroy the Republican Guard.
In the approximate center of the allied line, along the Wadi al Batin, Maj.
The first enemy encountered was the Iraqi 27th Infantry Division.
That was not their first meeting.
The 1st More info found and destroyed elements of five Iraqi divisions, evidence that they had succeeded in their theater reserve mission of drawing and holding enemy units.
The dust storms had cleared early in the day, revealing the most awesome array of armored and mechanized power fielded since World War II.
In a panorama extending beyond visual limits 1,500 tanks, another 1,500 Bradleys and armored personnel carriers, 650 artillery pieces, and supply columns of hundreds of vehicles stretching into the dusty brown distance rolled east through Iraqi positions, as inexorable as a lava flow.
By 28 February 1991, when the cease-fire ordered by President Bush went into effect, the Iraqis had lost 3,847 of their 4,280 tanks, over half of their 2,880 armored personnel carriers, and nearly all of their 3,100 artillery pieces.
Only five to seven of their forty-three combat divisions remained capable of offensive operations.
In the days after the cease-fire the busiest Soldiers were those engaged in the monumental task of counting and caring for an estimated 60,000 prisoners.
The 1st Ironhorse Brigade stretched through the historic Euphrates River Valley.
Within 2 weeks, the 1st Cavalry moved south into Saudi Arabia and the new assembly area AA Killeen.
There on the plain of the Wadi al Batin — the Cavalry began to prepare for redeployment home.
Upon return to the United States, The first of a series of reorganizations were initiated in the period, May 1991 to August 1993, which resulted in a contingency force, ready to deploy anywhere in the world on a moments notice.
More to follow: Ghosts of Fallujah written by Coley D.
Buttram who died 2 February 2019, This web page Raymond D.
Kinnard who died 25 December 2018, LTC Ret Louis R.
Lefebvre who died 24 February 2019, 1LT Frederick I.
Levine who died 11 December 2018, SSG Dennis C.
London who died 26 February 2019, 1LT Bruce R.

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ICE-X and the Phoenix Program Operation Phoenix - The Phoenix Program Operation Phoenix became official in 1968 however existed for years before that - Operation Phoenix was instigated by the CIA with an aim to, ' destabalize, neutralize, capture and kill ' members of an organization the CIA called the VCI Viet Cong Infrastructure - The program was designed to disrupt any civilian activity that supported the VC south of the DMZ - this included people that supplied guides, foods, storage dumps, people who helped with conscription to the VC.
The Central Intelligence Agency turned the Operation over to the US Army and the ARVN in 1968 and continued to operate until 1972 - Not many of these patches were made - the patches was assigned to US and RVN soldiers working on Operation Phoenix.
Also called the Phoenix Program.
ICEX ICEX was the CIA Operated Pacificiation Program, forerunner of the Phoenix Program.
The operation ran blackjack insignia mobile strike as early as 1961.
Was organized and operated by CIA operatives out of the Saigon station, in conjunction with South Vietnam Intelligence Operatives and Indigenous Mercenaries.
Only officially named in 1967, ICEX was in actuality operating from as early as 1961.
In many cases, post 1966, ICEX operated in conjunction with the Phoenix Program although it remained a separate, CIA run entity that sat with MACV-SOG For convenience.
ICEX was considerably more aggressive than the Phoenix Program.
These figures are conservative, it is unlikely learn more here the Phoenix Program touched only 80,000 suspects in total in fact some numbers put the assassination rate of the Phoenix Program at over 100,000 alone.
Of the 80,000 suspects suggested, 37% of suspects were neutralized.
ICEX was known for targeting it's prey in a much clearer way than the Phoenix Program.
Of the 11,600 suspects dealt with under the ICEX Program, 95% were neutralized.
Air America-Yankee Air Pirates CIA, Central Intelligence Agency - AIR AMERICA -Yankee Air Pirates Air America was a supposed Commercial Airline, however owned and operated by the CIA they conducted numerous illegal missions throughout South East Asia during the war including the running of operatives into countries not supposedly involved in the war.
The term, Yankee Air Pirates was coined by Ho Chi Minh to describe the pilots of Air America, invariably, ex-Military Pilots, they were paid some three times that of their military counterparts.
MEDTC — CIA — Military Equipment Delivery Team Cambodia Military Supply Delivery Team, Cambodia MEDTC - CIA, Special Forces - Khmer Republic Military Equipment Delivery Team Cambodia.
Formed under the CIA by 1966 the actions of the MEDTC had passed through to FANK Forces Armee Nationale Here Training Command out of US Special Forces B-36 at Nha Trang and the US Special Forces.
The official role of the MEDTC was to supply Military Equipment to the pro US and anti-Communist, Khmer Army of Cambodia.
Although this role was completed the primary role of the MEDTC was to operate clandestine operations with the elite of the Khmer Army, later to become the Palace Guards and the previously French formed and CIA run Special Forces, Shock Battalions.
Project Omega — Detachment B-50 — Special Recon US Special Forces - Project Omega, Operation Omega - Elite Operatives - Detachment B-50, Special Recon.
The role of Project Omega was to provide additional and specialized Recon beyond that provided by Project Delta Project Delta info below.
Project Delta - Detachment B-52.
The duties of USSF detachment B-52 was to train US Special Forces and Elite US Army personnel in Long Range Reconnaissance Techniques.
The first group of trainees were drawn from the elite of the 101st Airborne Division and they were volunteers and commenced their course in September 1965.
The MACV Recondo School was taught at Nha Trang with combat training exercises conducted at Hon Tre Island.
Only the elite of any unit were picked to attend, combat experience was essential.
Over 2,000 of the Soldiers that started the course failed to complete it due to the strict guidelines of completion provided by the MACV.
The mission of those involved in Project Delta was; Location of Enemy Units, Collection of Intelligence, Assessment of Bomb damage, Artillery and Air Strike Co-Ordination, Hunter Killer Missions, Special Purpose Harassment and Deception Missions.
The 81st Ranger Group The 81st Rangers were a unique unit originally formed as part of the Project DELTA reaction force.
Formed on 1 November 1964 as the 91st Airborne Ranger Battalion and consisted of three companies of Montagnards.
A fourth company was added in 1965.
It was reorganized in 1966 as the 81st Ranger Battalion by the "purging of non-Vietnamese" to make it more "effective".
The 81st consisted of six all-Vietnamese companies.
It was officially under LLDB command and not that of Ranger Command.
It was actually under the direct control of Project DELTA although two companies were european 13 blackjack lo gold hi available to the LLDB.
Its primary mission was to provide airmobile reaction forces to aid in the extraction of recon teams and execute immediate exploitation raids on targets discovered by the teams.
It was also used to reinforce SF camps under siege.
During and after Tet it also fought in Saigon and handled urban fighting conditions quite well.
The 81st Ranger Battalion was later expanded to seven companies and renamed the 81st Ranger Group which was facilitated by the merger of Delta Teams with the existing three Ranger Companies.
The entire unit was parachute trained and was under the direct control of the ARVN G-2.
In 1975 it was headquartered at Trang Lon, Tay Linh, and consisted more info a Headquarters, seven Ranger and one Pathfinder company.
Group strength varied from 920 to 1200 men.
Command and Control Central.
Formed by MACV-SOG in late 1967 as an expansion of FOB 2 Forward Operating Base 2 at Kontum.
CCC had responsibility for 'classified unconventional warfare' in the Tri Border area of Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam.
CCC Comprised of, Hatchet Companies, Spike Recon Teams and SLAM Companies and numerous Hill Tribe and Mercneary Units.
CCC was closed on the 30th of April 1972.
There was no official insignia for CCC.
The flash on the beret on this piece identifies the wearer as a member of the US 7th Special Forces group Airborne.
The 7th Primarily operated in Laos.
VNAF- South Vietnam Air Force The South Vietnam Air Force Vietnamese: Không lực Việt Nam Cộng hòa — KLVNCHofficially the Republic of Vietnam Air Force sometimes Vietnam Air Force — VNAF was the aerial branch of the Republic of Vietnam Military Forces, the official military of the Republic of Vietnam South Vietnam from 1955 to 1975.
The VNAF began with a few hand-picked men chosen to fly alongside French pilots during the State of Vietnam era.
It eventually grew into the world's sixth largest air force at the height of its power, in 1974.
It is an often neglected chapter of the history of the Vietnam War as they operated in the shadow of the United States Air Force.
It was dissolved in 1975 after the Fall of Saigon; many of its members emigrated to the United States.
US NAVY 7th FLEET Seventh Fleet represented the first official entrance of the United States into the Vietnam War, with the Gulf of Tonkin incident.
Between 1950 and 1970, the U.
Seventh Fleet was known by the tongue-in-cheek nickname "Tonkin Gulf Yacht Club" since most of the fleet's operations were conducted from the Tonkin Gulf at the time.
On 12 February 1965, USS Salisbury Sound AV-13 became the first U.
Navy ship to conduct operations inside Vietnam coastal waters.
Salisbury Sound set up a seadrome in Da Nang Bay and conducted seaplane patrols in support of Operation Flaming Dart, the bombing of North Vietnamese army camps.
Operating primarily from Yankee Station off the north coast of Vietnam and the aptly-named Dixie Station off the south coast of Vietnam in the Gulf of Siam, Seventh Fleet was organized into a series of task forces, often known by the acronym CTF Commander Task Force.
In 1975, ships and aircraft of the Fleet evacuated thousands of U.
NLF - National Liberation Front The Việt Cộng, also known as the National Liberation Front NLFwas a communist political organization with its own army — the People's Liberation Armed Forces of South Vietnam PLAF — in South Vietnam and This web page that fought the United States and South Vietnamese governments, eventually emerging on the winning side.
It had both guerrilla and regular army units, as well as a network of cadres who organized peasants in the territory it controlled.
Many soldiers were recruited in South Vietnam, but others were attached to the People's Army of Vietnam PAVNthe regular North Vietnamese army.
During the war, communists and anti-war activists insisted the Việt Cộng was an insurgency indigenous to the South, while the U.
Although blackjack and littlepip terminology distinguishes northerners from the southerners, communist forces were under a single command structure set up in 1958.
North Vietnam established the National Liberation Front on December 20, please click for source, to grow insurgency in the South.
Many of the Việt Cộng's core members were volunteer "regroupees", southern Việt Minh who had resettled in the North after the Geneva Accord 1954.
Hanoi gave the regroupees military training and sent them back to the South along the Ho Chi Minh trail in the early 1960s.
The NLF called for southern Vietnamese to "overthrow the camouflaged colonial regime of the American imperialists" and to make "efforts toward the peaceful unification".
The People's Liberation Armed Forces of South Vietnam PLAF 's best-known blackjack (flashback) single was the Tet Offensive, a massive assault on more than 100 South Vietnamese urban centers in 1968, including an attack on the U.
The offensive riveted the attention of the world's media for weeks, but also overextended the Việt Cộng.
Later communist offensives were conducted predominantly by the North Vietnamese.
The organization was dissolved in 1976 when North and South Vietnam were officially unified under a communist government.
ARVN — 18th Infantry Division The 18th Division was an infantry division in the III Corps of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam ARVN.
Military Assistance Command Vietnam considered the 18th as undisciplined and was well known throughout the ARVN for its "cowboy" reputation.
In 1975 the 18th was made famous for its tenacious defense of Xuân Lộc, the last major battle before the Fall of Saigon.
During the last major battle of the Vietnam War, the vastly outnumbered 18th Division stood and fought at Xuân Lộc, 38 miles 61 km northeast of Saigon.
This battle is considered the last stand of ARVN forces, where the 18th earned the name "The Supermen".
It was commanded by General Le Minh Dao.
The 18th fought against communist forces in Xuan Loc, a city strategically important for intersecting five main routes.
The fierce fighting raged for two weeks.
The 18th Division, outnumbered 7:1 by the People's Army of Vietnam PAVN forces, destroyed all but three PAVN divisions before finally being overwhelmed by superior numbers.
The division was forced to evacuate from the city on April 21, 1975, nine days before the fall of Saigon.
Upon learning the 18th had lost Xuân Lộc that afternoon at 3:00pm President Nguyen Van Thieu made a tearful televised speech that was broadcast around the world in which he blamed the United States for abandoning South Vietnam; he closed the speech by resigning the presidency.
The 18th was finally destroyed while defending Bien Hoa Air Base.
South Vietnam surrendered on the afternoon of 30 April 1975.
The duties of USSF B-52 was to train US Special Forces and Elite US Army personnel in Long Range Reconnaissance Techniques.
The first group of trainees were from the elite of the 101st Airborne Division and they were volunteers and commenced their course in September 1965.
The MACV Recondo School was taught at Nha Trang with combat exercises conducted at Hon Tre Island.
Only the elite of any unit were picked to attend, combat experience was essential.
Over 2,000 of the Soldiers that started the course failed to complete it due to the strict guidelines of completion provided by the MACV.
The Unit ceased operations on the 30th of Blackjack trainer online game 1970.
RVN MARINES — VNMC The Republic of Vietnam Marine Division RVNMD Vietnamese: Sư Đoàn Thủy Quân Lục More info TQLC was part of the armed forces of the Republic of Vietnam South Vietnam.
It was established by Ngo Dinh Diem in 1954 when he was Prime Minister of the State of Vietnam, which became the Republic of Vietnam in 1955.
The longest-serving commander was Lieutenant General Le Nguyen Khang.
In 1969, the VNMC had a strength of 9,300 and 15,000 by 1973.
The Vietnamese Marine Corps had its origins during French rule of Indochina.
The 1949 Franco-Vietnamese Agreement stated that the Vietnamese Armed Forces were to include naval forces whose organization and training would be provided by the French Navy.
Whilst conscription into the South Vietnam Army ARVN was in place during the Vietnam War, places in the VNMC were through Volunteering only.
The South Vietnam Marine Corps was considered an elite force although this was belief may have been driven by the strong anti-communist feelings not always felt in the ARVN.
Whilst the war officially ended on the 30th of April 1975 many Southern Marines continued to fight in the Mekong Delta until late May Major Ba Binhs Seawolves before being evacuated by US Naval ships.
They later arrived in Vietnam as a full Division, out of Fort Campbell under the command of Major General Olinto M.
Barsanti on the 19th of November 1967.
The 101st Airborne Division was to remain in Vietnam until the 10th of March 1972.
click to see more from Phan Rang and throughout CTZ III the 101st were to deploy to CTZ I and Quang Tri Province and Thua Thien Province during the Tet Offensive of 1968.
By 1969 the US Military had decided that full scale Paratrooper assault were unlikely to be used in Vietnam and by July 1969 the 101st Airborne were fully Airmobile Helicopter insertion.
The 101st Airborne served 1.
The use of helicopters on such large scale as troop carriers, cargo lift ships, medevacs, and as aerial rocket artillery, was never before implemented, but by doing so it freed the infantry from the tyranny of terrain to attack the enemy at the time and place of its choosing.
In 1965, colors and subordinate unit designations of the 1st Cavalry Division were transferred from Korea to Fort Benning, Georgia, where they were used to reflag the existing 11th Air Assault Division Test into 1st Cavalry Division Airmobile.
The division's first major operation was to help relieve the Siege of Plei Me near Pleiku and the pursuit of the withdrawing North Vietnamese Army which culminated in the Battle of Ia Drang, described in the book We Were Soldiers Once.
And Young, was also the basis free blackjack game to the film We Were Soldiers.
Because of that battle the division earned the Presidential Unit Citation USthe first unit to receive such in the war.
In 1966, the division attempted to root the communist Viet Cong and the North Vietnamese army PAVN out of Binh Dinh province with Operation Masher, Operation Crazy Horse and Operation Thayer.
In Operation Jeb Stuart, January 1968, the division moved north to Camp Evans, north of Hue and on to Landing Zone Sharon and Landing Zone Betty, south of Quang Tri City, all in the I Corps Tactical Zone.
On the 31st of January 1968, the largest battle of the Vietnam War, the Tet Offensive, was launched by 84,000 communist soldiers across South Vietnam.
In the 1st Cavalry Division's area of operation, the North Vietnamese Army NVA and Vietcong forces seized most of the city of Huế.
something wizard of odds blackjack variants congratulate the 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, fought to cut off communist reinforcements pouring into Huế, at Quang Tri City, five battalions, most from the 324th NVA Division, attacked the city and LZ Betty Headquarters 1st Brigade.
After intense fighting, 900 NVA and Vietcong soldiers were killed in and around Quang Tri City and LZ Betty.
In March 1968 the 1st Cavalry Division shifted forces to LZ Stud, the staging area for Operation Pegasus to break the siege of the Marine combat base at Khe Sanh.
The second largest battle of the war.
All three brigades participated in this airmobile operation, along with a Marine blackjack insignia mobile strike thrust.
US Air Force B-52s alone dropped more than 75,000 tons of bombs on North Vietnamese soldiers from the 304th and 325th Divisions encroaching the combat base in trenches.
As these two elite enemy divisions, with history at Dien Bien Phu and the Ia Drang Valley, depleted, the 1st Cavalry Division Airmobile leapfrogged west, clearing Route 9, until at https://yournaughtystory.com/blackjack/wizard-of-odds-blackjack-tournament-strategy.html hours 8 April, the 2nd Battalion, 7th Cavalry, linked-up with Marines at the combat base, ending the 77-day siege.
On 19 April 1968, as the 2nd Brigade continued pushing west to the Laotian border, the 1st and 3rd Brigades about 11,000 men and 300 helicopters swung southwest and air assaulted the A Shau Valley, commencing Operation Delaware.
The North Vietnamese Army was a well-trained, equipped, and led force.
They turned A-Shau into a formidable sanctuary.
A long-range penetration operation was launched by members of the 1st Cavalry Division Airmobile 's, long-range reconnaissance patrol, against the North Vietnamese Army when they seized "Signal Hill" the name attributed to the peak of Dong Re Lao Mountain, a densely forested 4,879 feet 1,487 m mountain, midway in the valley, so the 1st and 3rd Brigades, slugging it out hidden deep behind the mountains, could communicate with Camp Evans near the coast or with approaching aircraft.
The Division continued support of almost all major US Operations in Vietnam Laos and Cambodia until, on the 29th of April 1971, the bulk of the division was withdrawn to Fort Hood, Texas.
ICE-X and the Phoenix Program Operation Phoenix - The Phoenix Program Operation Phoenix became official in 1968 however existed for years before that - Operation Phoenix article source instigated by the CIA with https://yournaughtystory.com/blackjack/bet365-casino-blackjack-review.html aim to, ' destabalize, neutralize, capture and kill ' members of an organization the CIA called the VCI Viet Cong Infrastructure - The program was designed to disrupt any civilian activity that supported the VC south of the DMZ - this included people that supplied guides, foods, storage dumps, people who helped with conscription to the VC.
The Central Intelligence Agency turned the Operation over to the US Army and the ARVN in 1968 and continued to operate until 1972 - Not many of these patches were made - the patches was assigned to US and RVN soldiers working on Operation Phoenix.
Also called the Phoenix Program.
ICEX ICEX was the CIA Operated Pacificiation Program, forerunner of the Phoenix Program.
The operation ran from as early as 1961.
Was organized and operated by CIA operatives out of the Saigon station, in conjunction with South Vietnam Intelligence Operatives and Indigenous Mercenaries.
Only officially named in 1967, ICEX was in actuality operating from as early as 1961.
In many cases, post 1966, ICEX operated in conjunction with the Phoenix Program although it remained a separate, CIA run entity that sat with MACV-SOG For convenience.
ICEX was considerably more aggressive than the Phoenix Program.
ICEX and The Phoenix Program - Comparison Phoenix Program Phoenix Program responsible for the Neutralizing of some 30,000 Suspected Enemy Phoenix Program responsible for the arrest of some 50,000 Suspected enemy.
These figures are conservative, it is unlikely that the Phoenix Program touched only 80,000 suspects in total in fact some numbers put the assassination rate of the Phoenix Program at over 100,000 alone.
Of the 80,000 suspects suggested, 37% of suspects were neutralized.
ICEX ICEX responsible for Neutralizing of at least 11,000 enemy ICEX responsible for minimal arrests, certainly less than 600 Again these numbers are conservative however probably closer to the mark.
ICEX was known for targeting it's prey in a much clearer way than the Phoenix Program.
Of the 11,600 suspects dealt with under the ICEX Program, 95% were neutralized.
Cambodian Special Forces The Khmer Special Forces, also designated 'Khmer SF' for short or Forces Speciales Khmères FSK in French, were the elite Special Operations unit of the Khmer National Armed Forces commonly known by their French acronym, FANK during the 1970-75 Cambodian Civil War.
The history of the Khmer Special Forces began in October 1971, when the 1st Special Forces Group Airborne was organized at Phnom Penh under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel later, Brigadier-General Thach Reng.
The Khmer SF were actually a creation of Lt.
Ronnie Mendoza, a Special Forces-qualified US Army officier assigned to the American Military Equipment Delivery Team, Cambodia MEDTC assistance program earlier in June 1971.
Two other SF groups, the 2nd Special Forces Group Airborne and the 3rd Special Forces Group Airborne were activated in the following year.
Other advanced additional courses included psychological warfare, political warfare, anti-tank warfare, and Taekwondo.
More specialised SF training was carried out in the United States and Thailand since December 1972.
The Khmer Special Forces were closely modelled after the United States Special Forces USSF and the South Vietnamese Army of the Republic of Vietnam Special Forces LLDB.
The final days 1974-75 By March 1975 with all land and river routes leading to Phnom Penh cut, the Khmer Rouge began their final assault on the Cambodian capital.
Two teams secured the National Stadium, in the Cércle Sportif Complex, where seven KAF UH-1H transport helicopters were being kept to evacuate key members of the government.
On the morning of April 17, 1975, after supervising the heliborne evacuation of only a handful of top officials and their families from the improvised helipad at the National Stadium three of the helicopters had to be abandoned due to technical malfunctionsBrig.
Reng handed over the command of the Khmer SF to Colonel Kim Phong and boarded the last helicopter to abandon the Stadium.
Left to fend for themselves, Col.
Phong and his subordinates planned a massive breakout by land to the south-east towards the South Vietnamese border.
Although the Khmer Special Forces escape force managed to sneak out read article the southern suburbs of the capital, they never reached the border and were all presumed killed in action.
The remaining Khmer Special Forces teams defending the last government-held holdouts at Battambang, including the teaching staff of the Recondo School, and Siem Reap reportedly tried to escape in small groups to Thailand by trekking across hostile territory.
Operation Arc Light During Operation Arc Light Arc Light, and sometimes Arclight from 1965 to 1973, the United States deployed B-52F Stratofortresses from bases in the US to Guam to provide close air support to ground combat operations in Vietnam.
The conventional bombing campaign was supported by ground-control-radar detachments of the 1st Combat Evaluation Group 1CEVG in Operation Combat Skyspot.
Arc Light operations usually targeted enemy base camps, troops concentrations, and supply lines.
Previously dedicated to carrying nuclear weapons, in 1964 the U.
Air Force began to train strategic bomber crews to deliver conventional munitions flying the B-52F.
The B-52Fs were deployed to Andersen Air Force Base in Guam and U-Tapao Royal Thai Navy Airfield in Thailand.
To add conventional bomb capacity, Project Big Belly modified all B-52Ds to enable them to carry nearly 30 tons 27 t of conventional bombs.
By the middle of April 1966, all B-52Fs were redeployed back to the US and were replaced by the Big Belly modified B-52D.
Later in the Vietnam War, the B-52G was also deployed with https://yournaughtystory.com/blackjack/foxwoods-blackjack-minimum.html B-52D.
Congressional investigations of secret CIA activities in Laos revealed that B-52s were used to systematically bomb Laos and Cambodia.
In fact, the United States dropped more ordnance on North Vietnamese Army-occupied eastern Laos than it did during World War II on Germany and Japan combined.
To this day, large areas of Laos and Cambodia are still very dangerous because of unexploded ordnance.
JCRC The JCRC Joint Casualty Resolution Center was formed in January of 1973 and was a US Special Forces, MACV-SOG commanded unit responsible for the location of US Prisoner of Wars and US Servicemen lost in combat in the Vietnam theatre of War.
With the US no longer officially conducting aggressive combat missions within Vietnam the role of the JPRC Joint Prisoner Rescue Command and Bright Light Teams was officially ended.
This however did not end the search for US Servicemen, missing or held Prisoner and this role was assumed by the JCRC.
Officially the role of the JCRC was to find and collect the remains click servicemen for identification by the newly formed 'Central Identification Laboratory Thailand' CIL-THAI.
The unit operated in Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam until 1976.
No official, covert ground missions are recorded after this time in South East Asia.
With numerous name and structural changes over the ensuing years the Unit now operates from a Headquarters in Hawaii.
On that same date, the 71st was redesignated as the 71st Air Commando Squadron, a name that lasted less than a month, as the unit became the 71st Special Operations Squadron on 8 July.
Conversion from tactical airlift to gunship operations in the AC-119 brought significant changes.
The crew composition increased from five to eight as the crew acquired a second navigator and two gunners while the loadmaster cross-trained as an illuminator operator.
Also, a change in the ratio of crews to airplanes increased total crew requirements from sixteen to twenty-four.
By 21 November 1968, the crews had formed and were ready.
The aircrews left for Vietnam on 5 December; four days later, other elements of the squadron left via Lockheed C-141 Starlifters.
The unit was reassigned to the 14th Special Operations Wing on 20 December 1968.
During its time in South Vietnam, the 71st got away cheaply for having flown more than 6,000 hours in six months in a combat zone.
It lost no aircraft, and only six received any kind of battle damage in the air.
The most serious incident involved an aircraft struck by about twenty six rounds of 12.
This active force man was augmenting the basic reserve crew; nevertheless he became the first combat casualty aboard an Air Force reserve aircraft since the 452d Bombardment Wing was relieved at Pusan East K-9 Air Base, South Korea, on 7 May 1952 during the Korean War.
The squadron was relieved from active service and returned to Bakalar Air Force Base on 18 June 1969.
It was inactivated on 1 October 1973.
HMM 361 - Helicopter Marine Medium 351 One of the first of all US Helicopter Units, HMM 361 were flying choppers from as early as 1952 and took part in the largest single helicopter operation of all time, the Atomic testing at Desert Rock, Nevada.
Although having a number of prior different designations, HMM-361 came into being in 1962 shortly before their participation aboard USS IWO JIMA flying operations around Cuba during the 1962 Missile Crisis.
In June of 1963, whilst known as 'The Flying Tigers', In June 1963, HMM 361 deployed to Da Nang, South Vietnam out of a tour into Okinawa and became one of the first units to participate in Operation Shufly.
It was during their deployment into Da Nang that they became known as the Ross Rice Runners after their commanding officer, Lt.
In August of 1965 conducted the first night operations by USMC Helicopter Units lifting Marines into combat during 'Operation Midnight'.
In 1967 whilst based at Dong Ha, all aircraft of HMM 361 were destroyed by a ground and artillery assault by the Viet Cong and shortly after the Unit moved to Marble Mountain and by the end of 1967 had deployed out of Vietnam.
Later redesignated HMH 361 Marine Heavy Helicopter 361 and again served in Vietnam out of Hue Phu Bai from 1969 through to 1970 when they returned once again to the US.
Operation White Star was discontinued in 1962 after the Geneva Accords.
It was revived with a defined role and renewed vigour in 1965.
Led by US Special Forces, Major Larry Thorne, Op 35 Operation White Star and later named Operation Shining Brass was set-up to fight the Pathet Lao and the North Vietnamese inside Laos.
It all wizard of odds simple blackjack strategy commit of three stages; US Special Forces Recon into Laos from South Vietnam, North Vietnam, Thailand and Cambodia to identify trails used and base camps of enemy.
US Special Forces Operatives remaining in Laos after Operations to set-up Resistance Cells amongst the locals, these units called the 'White Star Resistance'.
They operated from the US Special Forces camp at Kham Duc on the Laos Border.
Note: It should be noted that Major Larry Thorne was a native Finn and a winner of the highest Military Award of Finland, The Mannerheim Cross, on two occasions for his defence against Soviet Attacks in WWII including an ambush on a Russian Convoy that led to the deaths of over 300 Soviets without him losing one Man.
During WWII he commanded Finnish Commandos behind Soviet Lines to harass their advance - At the end of WWII he joined the US Army, under the Lodge Bill, as a Private, volunteered for Special Forces and within months was commissioned a Captain.
The first operation of the renewed Op 35 White Star took place in October 1965 - During this operation, before a shot had been fired inside Laos by the newly formed group, the helicopter carrying Larry Thorne, all passengers and crew were lost.
Operation White Star, Officially Operation 35, later to be known as Operation Shining Brass was to continue in varying forms and with varying names through to the end of the war.
Additionally, the this web page of Co.
B, 506th Airborne was reactivated as HHC, 2nd Battalion Airborne506th Infantry.
Both battalions were part of the 3rd Brigade, 101st Airborne Division, which was deployed to Vietnam from late 1967 to 1971.
On 1 April 1967 the colors of the former Company C, 506th were reactivated at Fort Campbell as HHC, 3rd Battalion, 506th Infantry.
Assigned to the 1st Brigade, it served in Vietnam and was inactivated at Fort Campbell on 31 July 1972.
The division, including the 506th, was reorganized as Airmobile in 1968, later renamed Air Assault in 1974.
During the Vietnam War, five soldiers from the 506th were awarded the Medal of Honor.
Recon Team Anaconda Mobile Strike Force Recon team, Anaconda.
RT Anaconda was the first of the Recon Team's in Vietnam not named after a US state.
Formed by MACV - Special Operations Group, RT Anaconda comprised of three US Special Forces personnel and nine Nung Tribesmen.
The Nung were originally supporters of the Viet Minh during the French Indochine War however were anti-communist and found themselves fighting on the side of the South and United States in the second Vietnam war.
Out of Fort Riley and into Vietnam at the end of January 1967 with a strength of over 900 operatives the battalion was to stay in Vietnam primarily in the Mekong Delta area until October of 1970.
In May and June of 1970 the Battalion was part of the spearhead that successfully invaded Cambodia driving the Viet Cong and Khmer Rouge allies some 30 kms inside Cambodia before congress decided that the full invasion should cease and troops withdraw.
They were variously based at Phu My, Dong Tam My ThoBinh Phuoc and Bear Cat.
Also operated as Recon Team Crusader.
Operating out of Khe Sanh Under control of CCN, Da Nang - Recon Team Hunter Killer RT Crusader was a SPIKE RECON TEAM.
US Special Forces Led, Nung Hill Tribesmen personnel Recon Team charged with cross border clandestine sabotage activity north of the DMZ.
RT You blackjack splitting explained for Killer was later known as RT Crusader.
As late as 1971 was operating almost exclusively withing Laos in harrassment and POW location exercises.
On the 23rd of August 1968 FOB4, Da Nang, at the bottom of Marble Mountain came under attack by a force of over 100 North Vietnamese.
The 23rd of August 1968 and the Battle at FOB-4 are noted as the 'worst day in US Special Forces history'.
Amongst the longest serving of all Helicopter Companies in Vietnam the 120th Razorbacks and The Deans were formed in-country at Long Binh in June of 1963 before the large influx of US Forces into the war zone.
They were to serve until October of 1972.
The 3rd Squadron, 17th Cavalry arrived in Vietnam on 30 October 1967 and was assigned to the 12th Aviation Group, 1st Aviation Brigade, primarily stationed at Dĩ An.
It was responsible for air cavalry support in the western part of III Corps Tactical Zone.
On 20 July 1970 it was placed under the control of II Field Force, Vietnam.
In January 1971 Blackjacks football city team atlantic C was transferred to the 7th Squadron, 1st Cavalry.
Troops A, B and D departed Vietnam together in April 1972 and Troop C rejoined them for the redeployment.
In late 1970 the squadron was placed under the operational control of the 1st Cavalry Division and, when combined with the division's 1st Squadron, 9th Cavalry, enabled the 1st Cavalry Division to form an ad hoc air cavalry brigade - a highly successful innovation.
The squadron was inactivated on 19 June 1973 at Fort Lewis, WA.
The name of the Recon Team on being formed was misspelled and initial patches made for this unit arrived with the name 'RT MAMBA' - It was meant to be called after the venomous MAMBA Snake.
The name stuck and the Recon Team was know as Manba, not Mamba — Patches with both spellings exist.
It was extremely un-common for originally misspelled unit names to be changed due to the suspicious nature of operatives and 'The Story' attached to varying units.
Recon Team New Jersey Officially, as a cover called, 'The Military Assistance Command Vietnam, Studies and Observation Group', MACV, Special Operations took over article source roles previously performed by the CIA in Vietnam.
Recon Team New Jersey, under the command of MACV - Command and Control North was headquartered at da Nang and shared their gaming online blackjack throughout Da Nang, Hue and Khe Sanh.
Their role was to conduct, highly classified, unconventional warfare, highly classified sabotage and psy-ops operations throughout South and North Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos.
It operated until April 1972 when again further operations would continue to be run by the CIA.
Recon Team Louisiana This patch during the time of Recon Team Louisiana whilst based at Khe Sanh, Highway 9 adjoining DMZ and North Vietnam.
Out of Command Control North's Base at Khe Sanh FOB 3Recon Team Louisiana operated within the largest of the Command Centres HQ base at Da Nang.
RT Louisiana was a Spike Recon Team and conducted classified missions into North Vietnam unofficial operations as early as february 1964 prior to the formation of CCN.
Operated in conjunction with the CIA Trained MEO Tribesmen Montagnards.
US Special Forces Patch of US Operatives, Green Beret, Special Forces of Mike Force out of Pleiku.
This unit was responsible for the 'BLACKJACK 31' operations.
They were headquarted at Pleiku and operated from 1962 as a Mobile Guerrilla Force Unit through to 1970 when the Unit was disbanded.
One of the Larger Mike Force Units, at times this Force numbered, with US Operatives, almost 2,000 men.
On deployment to Vietnam in 1967, the 1st Squadron 1st Cavalry Regiment consisted of three armored cavalry troops and one air cavalry troop, D Troop, which was not deployed until July 1968.
En route, D Troop's orders were changed, temporarily attaching it to the 101st Airborne Division.
The troop disembarked at Da Nang on 21 July 1968 and flew directly to Camp Eagle.
The Troop then remained on combat duty in I Corps for the next four years and used the call sign Sabre.
They departed Vietnam on 10 May 1972.
On 1 July 1963, the 2nd Squadron, 1st Cavalry was relieved of their duties to the 3rd Armored Division, United States Army, Europe and reassigned to the 2nd Armored Division at Fort Hood, Texas.
On 8 August 1967, the unit left Fort Hood for Vietnam where they were attached to the 4th Infantry Division, headquartered in Pleiku.
During their service in the Central Highlands, troopers saw action in Pleiku, Đắk Tô, Suoi Doi, Kontum, An Khe and many other nameless stretches of road and jungle.
In May 1969, the squadron was transferred to Task Force South in Phan Thiet and attached to the 1st Field Force, Vietnam.
Now operating in the rice paddies and rubber plantations of Vietnam, the Blackhawks further distinguished themselves in actions around Phan Thiet, Song Mao, Phan Rang and their environs.
The 2-1 Cavalry departed Vietnam in October 1970, leaving Cam Ranh Bay for reassignment to the 2nd Armored Division at Fort Hood, Texas.
Troop E, of 2-1 Cavalry, was raised on 1 July 1966, and served on assignment with the 11th Infantry Brigade until it 18 October 1971.
D Troop the squadron's armored cavalry troop participated in successful night ambushes, escorted convoys, search and clear missions and other ground operations.
Troops A, B and C were Air Cavalry units.
Equipped to perform scout, insertion, interdiction and attack missions, the troops supported the ARVN 21st Division and other units throughout the Delta IV Corps area after the 9th Infantry Division returned stateside.
They were first attached to the 12th Aviation Group, then from 3 June 1968, to the 164th Aviation Group.
In April 1972, 7-1 Cavalry was assigned to the 194th Armored Brigade, Fort Knox, KY.
In 1976, the unit was inactivated and used to form air cavalry troops in the reactivated 5th, 7th and 24th Infantry Divisions.
All US combat troops were withdrawn by 30 November 1972.
TAKHLI Air Force Base — Thailand The initial squadrons and units deployed to Takhli were placed under the command and control of the Thirteenth Air Force, headquartered at Clark AB in the Philippines.
Thailand-based aircraft flew missions mostly into Laos until the 1964 Gulf of Tonkin Resolution which expanded the air war into North Vietnam.
In 1962, the U.
Military Assistance Group in South Vietnam was upgraded to U.
Military Assistance Command, Vietnam MACVa promotion which gave it authority to command combat troops.
Shortly thereafter, the Military Assistance Command, Thailand MACT was set up with a similar level of authority in order to aid Thailand, America's ally and historic friend in resisting communist aggression and subversion.
The United States Air Force component of the U.
Pacific Command was Pacific Air Forces PACAF.
Thirteenth Air Force was headquartered at Clark Air Base, Philippines.
Seventh Air Force, another Numbered Air Force of PACAF was headquartered at Tan Son Nhut Air Base, South Vietnam, although the Seventh controlled many units based in Thailand.
The commander, Seventh Air Force, played a dual role as MACV's deputy for air operations.
In July 1962, the 6011th Air Base Squadron was organized, the first "host" unit at Takhli RTAFB.
Command and Control: There were three Command and Control HQ in South Vietnam.
CCC, Command and Control Central - HQ'd at Kontum in the Central Highlands.
CIA operatives operated from Kontaum from the mid 1950's recruiting Montagnard Hill Tribe Mercenaries.
CCC included Pleiku, Cambodian Border, An Khe, Dak To, Ia Drang and more.
CCC HQ closed in 1971.
Operations in South Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia, Ho Chi Minh Trail.
CCN, Command and Control North - HQ'd at Da Nang - Controlled Highway 9, Khe Sanh, Cam Lo, Nha Trang, Hue, DMZ, Laos Border, Cam Lo, North Vietnam - Closed in 1971 and converted to Task Force 1 - Commanded Invasion of Laos and cross border incursions and agents in North Vietnam.
CCS - Command and Control South - HQ - Ban Me Thuot, Everything South of Saigon, into the Mekong delta, cross border into Cambodia, led forward ops incursions prior to US Invasion of Cambodia 1970.
CCM - Unofficial Command Control - HQ'd at Can Tho and My Tho - Primarily commanded river ops in the CCS area of operations and provided NAVY SEAL ops and advisors to South Vietnam Navy.
A particularly elite group containing Navy SEALs, Green Berets, US Rangers, USAF Combat Control teams, CIA Operatives.
As of 2009 it was the only armoured cavalry regiment of the 6th Light Armoured Brigade.
The regiment recently moved camp after being stationed at Quartier Labouche for 47 years in Orange, Vaucluse, France since it moved from Mers-el-Kébir, Algeria in October 1967.
In 1939 the two existing regiments of Foreign Cavalry were still only partially motorized.
However, in 1940, the 1e REC was dispatched to France as part of the 97th Reconnaissance Group of the Infantry Division 97e GRDI.
As such it was engaged in combat from May 18 at the Somme until the Armistice.
A citation issued at the orders of the Armed Forces praised the heroism of the Legionnaires during this period.
Following the Battle of France the 1er REC took up garrison duties in Tunisia.
In 1943, the regiment was re-equipped with U.
Its new role was that of divisional recce regiment of the newly raised 5th Armored Division 5e DB.
In 1943, the 1er REC was engaged against the Germans in Tunisia.
In 1944, the 1er REC landed on the côtes de Provence as one of the French armored units participating in the Liberation of France.
At the end of World War II, the regimental colors were decorated with two new palms and the fourragère of the Croix de Guerre.
In 1946, the 1er REC embarked for Indochina.
The regimental squadrons plus two autonomes groups detached units served for nine years in Cochinchina and Tonkin.
Three new citations and the fourragère of the Croix de Guerre of TOE were added to the regimental colors, while the two autonomes groups earned 6 citations.
After returning to French North Africa in 1954, the regiment was involved in the Pacification of Algeria for eight consecutive years of active service.
Following the Évian Accords and the independence of Algeria the 1er REC regrouped at the base of Mers El Kebir.
It was then reassigned, on October 17, 1967, to peacetime duty in metropolitan France for the first time.
Twice Destroyed in Vietnam, Dong Khe and Dien Bien Phu.
The 1st Foreign Parachute Battalion French: 1er Bataillon Etranger de Parachutistes, 1er BEP was a foreign parachute battalion of the French Foreign Legion formed from the Parachute Company of the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment.
The 1st Foreign Parachute Battalion, 1er BEP, I formation was created on July 1, 1948 at Khamisis, in Algeria.
The 1er BEP embarked to Indochina on November 12th 1948 and was engaged in combat operations in the Tonkin area Red River Delta, North Vietnam.
Battle of Dong Khe The Battle of Dong Khe September 1950 was a major battle of the First Indochina War fought at Đông Khê.
The fight took place in Dong Khe, in the Province of Tonkin, during September and October 1950, ending with a Viet Minh victory.
After two days of close quarter fighting only a few legionnaires managed to escape.
The outpost had been designated as the rendezvous point for the evacuation of the small town of Cao Bang approximately 15 miles away.
The evacuation was to take place in early October but was forestalled by the Viet Minh assault which may have indicated that General Giap appeared to be already aware of it.
On 18 September the 1st Foreign Legion Parachute Battalion 1BEP was dropped in south of Dong Khe but was unable to fight their way to recapture the outpost.
A week later a column of 3.
They linked up on 1 October and together they moved up to retake Dong Khe.
Col Charton at Cao Bang was ordered to march south and he moved out with a column of 1,500 legionnaires and Moroccans.
This column was burdened with a number of civilians.
Both columns were attacked by the Viet Minh and eventually left the roads in an attempt to outflank the Viet Minh through the jungle.
By the time the two columns met on October 7 they had suffered heavy casualties, were short of food and ammunition and had many wounded.
Half of the 3rd Colonial Commando Parachute Battalion 3BCCP and a company of 1er BEP replacements were dropped into That Khe to hold that post for the arrival of survivors from the Charton and Le Page columns.
estate blackjack pensacola real 300 men managed to reach the post which was then abandoned in haste.
Three weak companies of 3BCCP and 1BEP formed the rearguard of the column and by 14 October almost all of them had been killed.
Eventually only 600 men from the two columns fought their way back to French lines.
It was by far France's worst defeat in the war so far.
As a result of the disaster the French government passed a law that French conscripts were prevented from being sent to areas in which military operations were taking place or to take part in them other than in time of war.
This law would have serious consequences in three years time during the Battle of Bien Bien Phu.
The battalion was then dissolved on December 31, 1950; is reconstituted on March 1, 1951 1er BEP, II formation and participated in combat operations at Cho Ben, on the black river and at Annam.
On November 21, 1953; the reconstituted 1er BEP parachuted onto Dien Bien Phu.
In this gigantic battle, the reconstituted 1er BEP, II formation 1er BEP lost 575 killed and missing.
For the second time the 1st BEP were destroyed.
Reconstituted for the third time 1er BEP, III formation on May 19, 1954, the 1er BEP leaves Indochina on February 8, 1955.
The 1er BEP totals 5 citations at the orders of the armed forces and the fourragère of the colors of the Médaille militaire.
The 1st Foreign Parachute Battalion 1er BEP, III Formation becomes the 1st Foreign Parachute Regiment 1er REP in Algeria on September 1, 1955.
The insignia of the 1st Foreign Paratrooper Battalion was created in 1948 by Commandant Segrétain, battalion commander Chef de Bataillon, CBA of the 1er BEP.
MAG 11 - Marine Aircraft Group 11 Marine Air Base Squadron 11 Previously based in Japan the United States Marine Corps, Marine Aircraft Group 11 MAG 11 deployed to Vietnam in April 1965 for what was click to see more to be a short duration tour 'Shock and Awe type' to counter communist attacks.
Within 72 hours of arriving in Vietnam MAG 11 had completed the first of many thousands of attack missions that were to follow.
MAG 11 was to remain in Vietnam until May of 1971 when it redeployed to El Tora California.
MAG 11 flew missions 24 hours a day throughout the entire Tet Offensive and were instrumental in the Battle of Hue.
Attached to the 145th Combat Aviation Battalion serving II Field Force in the III Corps Military Tactical Zone.
Operated in Vietnam from November 1965 through to 1970 with the 145th and an additional tour through to https://yournaughtystory.com/blackjack/el-cortez-blackjack.html April.
Based at Bien Hoa and earlier at Vung Tau.
ARVN — 1st Infantry Division.
The 1st Division of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam ARVN —the army of the nation state of South Vietnam that existed from 1955 to 1975—was part of the I Corps that oversaw the northernmost region of South Vietnam, the centre of Vietnam.
The 1st Division was based in Huế, the old imperial city and one of two major cities in the region, which was also the corps headquarters.
It operated throughout the northern sector of South Vietnam including DMZ operations along Highway 9.
When the war in Vietnam came, two more battalions of the 31st Infantry were formed.
The 4th Battalion was formed at Fort Devens, Massachusetts in 1965 and the 6th Battalion was formed at Fort Lewis, Washington in 1967.
Soldiers from the 4th Battalion, 31st Infantry Regiment at Nui Cho Mountain.
The 4th Battalion went to Vietnam in the spring of 1967, operating initially in War Zone D and around Tay Ninh near the Cambodian border as a unit under the 196th Brigade Sep.
In 1967, the battalion moved north to help form the 23d "Americal" Infantry Division.
Operating at Quang Ngai, Chu Lai, and the Que Son Valley for most of the rest of the war, the 4th Battalion fought to keep Viet Cong guerrillas and the North Vietnamese Army from capturing the coastal lowlands.
Two of the battalion's members earned the Medal of Honor almost a year apart near the bitterly contested village of Hiep Duc.
When American forces departed, the 4th Battalion 31st Infantry was part of the last brigade to leave Vietnam.
It was inactivated in 1971.
The 6th Battalion was sent to Vietnam in the spring of 1968, arriving just in time to help recapture Saigon's suburbs during the enemy's abortive May offensive.
For the next two years, the 6th Battalion fought all across the Mekong Delta and the Plain of Reeds.
When the 9th Infantry Division departed in 1969, the 6th Battalion 31st Infantry formed the nucleus of a 1200-man task force under LTC Gerald Carlson Task Force Carlson to cover the division's departure.
Remaining in Vietnam, the 6th Battalion conducted an Air Assault as part of the 3rd Brigade into the Parrot's Beak area of Cambodia in May 1970, making the famed "Seminole Raid" to seize and destroy a huge enemy base area bordering the Plain of Reeds.
The battalion returned to Ft Lewis for inactivation in October 1970.
NAVY SEALs — UDT 12 In the Mekong delta from 1965 the US Navy's Underwater Demolition Team 12 UDT 12 served in Vietnam until 1971.
UDT 12, at various times during their role in Vietnam performed SOG Special Operations Activities in conjunction with the US Special Forces and Navy SEALS Indeed at varying time UDT 12 contained USN Seals.
The Pacific Command recognized Vietnam as a potential hot spot for unconventional forces.
At the beginning of 1962, the UDTs started hydrographic surveys and along with other branches of the US Military, the Military Assistance Command Vietnam MACV was formed.
In March 1962, SEALs were deployed to South Vietnam as advisors for the purpose of training Army of the Republic of Vietnam commandos in the same methods they were trained themselves.
The Central Intelligence Agency began using SEALs in covert operations in early 1963.
The SEALs were involved in the CIA sponsored Phoenix Program where it targeted key North Vietnamese Army personnel and Vietcong sympathizers for capture and assassination.
As the war continued, the SEALs found themselves positioned in the Rung Sat Special Zone where they were to disrupt the enemy supply and troop movements and in the Mekong Delta to fulfil riverine operations, fighting on the inland waterways.
Combat with the Viet Cong was direct.
Unlike the conventional warfare methods of firing artillery into a coordinate location, the SEALs operated close to their targets.
Into the late 1960s, the SEALs were not blackjack strategy training game online All in a new style of warfare, effective in anti-guerrilla and guerrilla actions.
SEALs brought a personal war to the enemy in a previously safe area.
The Viet Cong referred to them as "the men with green faces," due to the camouflage face paint the SEALs wore during combat missions.
In February 1966, a small SEAL Team One detachment arrived in Vietnam to conduct direct actions missions.
Operating from Nha Be, in the Rung Sat Special Zone, this detachment signaled the beginning of a SEAL presence that would eventually include 8 SEAL platoons in country on a continuing basis.
SEALs also served as advisors for Provincial Reconnaissance Units and the Lein Doc Nguio Nhia, the Vietnamese SEALs.
The last SEAL platoon departed Vietnam on Dec 7, 1971.
The last SEAL advisor left in March 1973.
SEALs continued to make forays into North Vietnam and Laos, and covertly into Cambodia, controlled by the Studies and Observations Group.
The SEALs from Team Two started a unique deployment of SEAL team members working alone with South Vietnamese Commandos ARVN.
In 1967, a Tropicana ac blackjack rules unit named Detachment Bravo Det Bravo was formed to operate these mixed US and ARVN units, which were called South Vietnamese Provincial Reconnaissance Units PRUs.
At the beginning of 1968, the North Vietnamese and the Viet Cong orchestrated a major offensive against South Vietnam: the "Tet Offensive".
The North hoped it would prove to be America's Dien Bien Phu, attempting to break the American public's desire to continue the war.
As propaganda, the Tet Offensive was successful in adding to the American protest of the Vietnam war.
However, North Vietnam suffered tremendous casualties, and from a purely military standpoint, the Tet Offensive was a major disaster for the Communists.
By 1970, President Richard Nixon initiated a Plan of Vietnamization, which would remove the US from the Vietnam War and return the responsibility of defense back to the South Vietnamese.
Conventional forces were being withdrawn; the last SEAL advisor, left Vietnam in March 1973 and Vietnam fell to the communists in 1975.
The SEALs were among the highest decorated units for their size in the war, receiving 2 Navy Crosses, 42 Silver stars, 402 Bronze Stars, 2 Legions of Merit, 352 Commendation Medals, 3 Presidential Unit Citations and 3 Medals of Honor.
By the end of the war, 48 SEALs had been killed in Vietnam, but estimates of their kill count are as high as 2,000.
The Navy SEAL Museum in Fort Pierce, FL displays a list of the 48 SEALs who lost their lives in combat during the Vietnam War.
Copperheads — 162nd AHC Phoneix Program Attached 162nd Assault Helicopter Company 162nd Aviation Company Assault Helicopter The 162nd Aviation Company has one of the most interesting histories of the Vietnam War, US Army Helicopter Units.
Formed in Fort Benning, Georgia on the 1st of September 1965 the unit was in Vietnam by the end of the month, one of the first Helicopter Assault Units to arrive.
Their pilots arrived with only 20 hours army training per man on average.
Such was the instance of Warrant Officers in the unit however, flying experience was an average of 2,100 hours per man.
Initially based at Phouc Vinh north of Saigon they became one of the longest of all US Army serving units here departing Vietnam until May 1972.
The 162nd were the Assault Helicopter Company attached to the 'Phoenix Program' Also known as Operation Phoenixa CIA initiative of pacification and control of village VC Forces.
CA MAU — Mekong Delta During the French colonial period, Cà Mau was only a small town.
During the Vietnam War, the area near Cà Mau was a stronghold in Vietnamese: Chiến khu cách mạng for the National Front for the Liberation of Vietnam also known as the Viet Cong, a Hanoi-backed guerrilla group fighting the United States Army and the South Vietnamese government during the Vietnam War.
After 1975, Cà Mau was made the administrative seat and the governmental center of Minh Hải Province, which included Cà Mau and Bạc Liêu Province.
PHU CAT Phù Cát Air Base Vietnamese: Căn cứ không quân Phù Cát 1966—1975 was a United States Air Force USAF and Republic of Vietnam Air Force VNAF facility used during the Vietnam War 1959—1975.
It is located north of the city of Qui Nhơn in southern Vietnam.
In late February 1966 Military Assistance Command, Vietnam decided to build a new jet-capable base at Phù Cát.
On 23 December 1966 USAF units began moving to the half-completed base.
At this time the runway was a 3,000-foot 910 m long dirt strip while the taxiways and parking areas were covered in Pierced steel planking PSP.
Nevertheless, the 459th and 537th Troop Carrier Squadrons both equipped with C-7As began operations from the base on 1 January 1967 The 37th Tactical Fighter Wing 37th TFW began operations from the base in April 1967.
In September 1967 a detachment from the 4th Air Commando Squadron equipped with 4 AC-47 gunships began operating from the base.
On 3 February 1968 the 355th Tactical Fighter Squadron 355th TFS was attached to the 37th TFW.
On 1 January 1972 the base was formally turned over to the VNAF.
Later the brigade moved south to Saigon, and fought in the Mekong Delta, the Iron Triangle and along the Cambodian border, serving nearly 22 months.
An Phu was manned by the Indigenous Forces of the Raglai M'Nong, Montagnard Groups one of the few native fighting forces considered superb by the US Forces.
The An Phu, Montagnard Unit was Airborne Qualified.
The camp at An Phu had US Special Forces Operatives rotating out of Japan in place as early as 1962 but the US had an un-official presence in this area prior to this time.
An Phu was primarily a US Special Forces outpost Forward Operations Base - No more than 80 Indigenous Operatives operated with the USSF Unit here.
US RANGER The Ranger Creed Lone Survivor Recognizing that I volunteered as a Ranger, fully knowing the hazards of my chosen profession, I will always endeavor to uphold the prestige, honor, and high esprit de corps of my Ranger Regiment.
Acknowledging the fact that a Ranger is a more elite soldier who arrives at the cutting edge of battle by land, sea, or air, I accept the fact that as a Ranger my country expects me to move farther, faster and fight harder than any other soldier.
Never shall I fail my comrades.
I will always keep myself mentally alert, physically strong and morally straight and I will shoulder more than my share of the task whatever it may be.
One-hundred-percent and then some.
Gallantly will I show the world that I am a specially selected and well-trained soldier.
My courtesy to superior officers, neatness of dress and care of equipment shall set the example for others to follow.
Energetically will I meet the enemies of my country.
I shall defeat them on the field of battle for I am better trained and will fight with all my might.
Surrender is not a Ranger word.
I will never leave a fallen comrade to fall into the hands of the enemy and under no circumstances will I ever embarrass my country.
Readily will I display the intestinal fortitude required to fight on to the Ranger objective and complete the mission though I be the Lone survivor.
Rangers lead the way!
F-16 — Fighting Falcon The General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon is a single-engine supersonic multirole fighter aircraft originally developed by General Dynamics now Lockheed Martin for the United States Air Force USAF.
Designed as an air superiority day fighter, it evolved into a successful all-weather multirole aircraft.
Over 4,500 aircraft have been built since production was approved in 1976.
Although no longer being purchased by the U.
Air Force, improved versions are still being built for export customers.
The F-16 has an internal M61 Vulcan cannon and 11 locations for mounting weapons and other mission equipment.
The F-16's official name is "Fighting Falcon", but "Viper" is commonly free blackjack card games by its blackjack 3.6-quart asphalt patch and crews, due to a perceived resemblance to a viper snake as well as the Colonial Viper starfighter on Battlestar Galactica.
In addition to active duty for U.
Air Force, Air Force Reserve Command, and Air National Guard units, the aircraft is also used by the USAF aerial demonstration team, the U.
The F-16 has also been procured to serve in the air forces of 25 other nations.
As of 2015, it is the world's second most numerous military aircraft and the most numerous airplane in service 56th Special Operations Wing — US AIR FORCE Ravens - NEVERMORE Nevermore from the Edgar Allen Poe, poem, THE RAVEN Note; The 56th SOW were also involved in the SON TAY, attempted Prison Recue Raid.
The 56th Special Operations Wing, Raven call sign, for 1965 - 1970 operations in Laos took their operation motto from the Edgar Allen Poe, poem, the Raven.
Based at Udorn, Royal Thai Air Force Base Thailand, the 56th operated over neutral Laos from as early as 1965.
The Steve Canyon Project was the supply and support of non-communist forces within Laos and for this operation, the 56th Special Operations Wing utilised the call sign RAVEN.
For this operation the 56th relocated to Nakhon Phan in Northern Thailand and recruited from the best and most experienced of pilots of the US Air Force and were formally under the command of the CIA.
Their main aim was to support the Meo tribesmen of Laos recruited by CIA with funds coming from the export of Opium through CIA European contacts, mostly Corsican Mafia resident in Laos since the French Indochine war.
The secrecy of their missions in Laos involved the flying of CIA and Meo operatives and blackjack insignia mobile strike importation of Supplies for the conduct of the clandestine war.
They were also required to remove large quantities of supplies, marked highly classified and Top Secret to bases in Thailand for onward transportation to European contacts.
The 56th, Ravens never numbered more than 20 operative Pilots at any given time.
The Raven By Edgar Allan Poe Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary, Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore-- While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door.
Eagerly I wished the morrow;—vainly I had sought to borrow From my books surcease of sorrow—sorrow for the lost Lenore-- For the rare and radiant maiden whom the angels name Lenore-- Nameless here for evermore.
Back into the chamber turning, all my soul within me burning, Soon again I heard a tapping somewhat louder than before.
Then, methought, the air grew denser, perfumed from an unseen censer Swung by Seraphim whose foot-falls tinkled click at this page the tufted floor.
By that Heaven that bends above us—by that God we both adore-- Tell this soul with sorrow laden if, within the distant Aidenn, It shall clasp a sainted maiden whom the angels name Lenore-- Clasp a rare and radiant maiden whom the angels name Lenore.
Leave no black plume as a token of that lie thy soul hath spoken!
Leave my loneliness unbroken!
Take thy beak from out my heart, and take thy form from off my door!
It is located 5.
The United States rebuilt the airfield in 1965 and it was used by the Republic of Vietnam Air Force VNAF and the United States Air Force during the Vietnam War in the II Corps Tactical Zone of South Vietnam.
It was seized by the Vietnam People's Army in April 1975 and has been in use by the Vietnam People's Air Force VPAF ever since.
Long An Province — Tan An Tân An was the headquarters of the 9th Infantry Division during the Vietnam War.
There was an army base associated with the 9th Division in one part of town and Tân An air base on the other side of town that supported 9th Infantry helicopters and could land medium-sized prop planes.
The USSF base camp at Tân An was turned over to the South Vietnamese Army when the 9th division left in 1970.
The 9th Division was the first infantry division to leave.
Based at Gia Le, in-country from 1966 through 1971.
MOBILE STRIKE FORCE MIKE FORCE - BLACK JACK 21 — Blackjack 31 Officially set up in 1965 Mike Force was check this out called the ' Mobile Guerrilla Force' due to the nature of the actions performed by this group in conjunction with the Nung Tribesmen since early 1964.
Headquartered at Nha Trang, Mike Force had the selection of the best of the Indigenous forces available including tribesmen of the Rhade, Raglia, Koho, Nung and Cham with the entire contingent of both the Nung and Rhade rated as 'Superb' in their jungle fighting skills and all airborne qualified.
In total, approximately 40% of the indigenous combatants were Special Forces trained and qualified.
Unusually, the area of operation of the 5th Mike Force at Nha Trang was 'Vietnam' and not restricted to operations in any particular zone.
BLACKJACK 21 Developed as a theory of operation and first put into action in November 1966, 'Blackjack' saw considerable success during it's five years of operation until 1971.
Further to intelligence provided by Recon teams on long insertion missions a 3 to 4 man Recon Team would be sent to survey an visit web page followed shortly by a 150 Man 'Mobile Guerrilla Force' MGF made up of Mike Force Trained Indigenous Soldiers commanded by a US Special Force Command Group.
Having been air-dropped into the Plei Trap Valley on the 13th of October the entire action force was eventually airlifted out of the area.
Having run into 3 NVA on bicycles who were killed the force shortly afterwards came under intense fire from a large enemy force and spent four days attempting to prevent itself from been surrounded.
Enemy casualties apart from the three cyclist are unknown, no allied wounded or KIA.
They were airlifted out on the 9th of November.
Not deemed a disaster in fact having returned with a full contingent of personnel after almost a month in the field it was considered a considerable success and in mid 1967 the Mobile Guerrilla Force was integrated into and came under the command of the Mobile Strike Force.
Blackjack 21 was followed by Blackjack 22 and later Blackjack 31.
Spooky Gunship — AC-47 The Douglas AC-47 Spooky also nicknamed "Puff, the Magic Dragon" was the first in a series of gunships developed by the United States Air Force during the Vietnam War.
It was designed to provide more firepower than light and medium ground-attack aircraft in certain situations when ground forces called for close air support.
The AC-47 was a United States Air Force C-47, the military version of the DC-3 that had been modified by mounting three 7.
Other armament configurations could also be found on similar C-47-based aircraft around the world.
The guns were actuated by a control on the pilot's yoke whereby he could control the guns either individually or together, although gunners were also among the crew to assist with gun failures and similar issues.
It could orbit the target for hours, providing suppressing fire over an elliptical area approximately 52 yards 47.
The aircraft also carried flares it could drop to illuminate the battleground.
In the earlier days of the war their cargo were essentially CIA personnel and their agents who would later infiltrate into North Vietnam via Laos.
The dropping of indigenous agents into Laos and North Vietnam however had effectively ceased by mid to late 1968 as the numbers caught or surrendering with valuable information within days of their drop by far outweighed the number that remained free to the point where the exercise was almost pointless.
Also utilised for the support and transport of US Special Forces RECON Teams into areas where they could locate POW's and damage supply routes of the Ho Chi Minh Trail.
Although the Project name, PONY EXPRESS highlights the use of the assigned units as been a Transport Unit the actuality of their mission was considerably different with the 1st, 20th and 21st SOS been engaged in combat activity on more than 80% of their assigned missions either on the way to dropping off cargo, on LZ or the return to base as well as missions in which they themselves were active including the Son Tay raid.
All Pony Express Units were deactivated in 1972.
Geronimos - 1st Battalion, 501st Parachute Infantry — Apache Scouts.
Part of the 101st Airborne Division.
Initially stationed at Cu Chi, west of Saigon city they moved to Hue in January of 1968 and later also fought at Quang Tri City.
They were to remain in Vietnam until January of 1972 — Serving their full time with the 101st Airborne they variously based themselves also at Bien Hoa north of Saigon and Phu Bai Hue City.
Full Battalion Strength of over 900 operatives.
Panthers — 505th Infantry — Airborne Infantry — 82nd Airborne Division.
Arrived in Vietnam at the height of the Tet Offensive the 505th were immediately deployed to the Battle of Hue Citadel.
From the 24th of February 1968 through to August of 1968 they operated in click around Hue and the Airborne base of Phu Bai.
In September 1968 they deployed to the Defense of Saigon.
As part of the Home Guard out of Fort Bragg the Panthers returned to the United States on the 11th of December 1969.
SE VANG - SOLDIER of GLORY - NLF VC MEDAL - Vietnam War ORDER OF THE SOLDIER OF GLORY Viet Cong - Vietnam War Medal - Chien Si Ve-Vang National Liberation Front - Viet Cong Established at the beginning of the Vietnam War and first awarded in late 1961 to previous combatants of the Viet Minh this award continued to be awarded through till the end of the Vietnam American War.
Presented to members of the Communist Forces.
The minimum requirement been continuous service of 5 years in combat service in the fight for liberation.
VIET CONG MEDAL - MILITARY EXPLOIT ORDER - Combat Operations - Vietnam War Awarded to both individuals and units it is one of the original of the Vietnamese Communist decorations established in 1947.
Original Lightweight piece — Non Magnetic.
Dai Doan 320 - 320th Division — Vietnam Communist Army Vietnam.
The 320th Division or Đồng Bằng Division Vietnamese: Sư đoàn Đồng Bằng, Delta Division is a formation and one of the six original "Steel and Iron Divisions" of the Vietnam People's Army.
It was established in January 1951.
Indochina War Regiment 48 of the 320th was stationed at Điện Biên Phủ when the French launched Operation Castor, however after some small skirmishes the Viet Minh abandoned the valley rather than engaging the French paratroops.
In late December 1953 General Giáp ordered the 320th Division to infiltrate into the Red River Delta and assist Viet Minh local regiments to increase the pressure on the French in this region while he concentrated his forces for the Battle of Dien Bien Phu.
Vietnam War On 23 August 1965, the VPA General Staff ordered the division to split into 320th-A Division and 320th-B Division.
Later in 1967, 320th-A later renamed the 320th moved to fight in the front in South Vietnam while 320th-B later renamed the 390th remained in Hanoi and became a training division.
On 1 November 1967, the US Marines launched Operation Kentucky as part of the continuing operations to secure the DMZ around Con Thien.
The operation concluded on 28 February 1969, the 320th and 324th Division lost a total of 3839 killed and 117 captured while the Marines lost 520 killed and 2698 wounded.
Tet Offensive and the Battle of Khe Sanh The 320th played a supporting role in the Battle of Khe Sanh, largely tasked with keeping Route 9 from Ca Lu to the Khe Sanh Combat Base closed.
On 24 January 1968 elements of the 320th ambushed a Marine "Rough Rider" convoy between Dong Ha and Camp Carroll and then ambushed the relief force from the 2nd Battalion 9th Marines killing 9 Marines.
The subsequent Marine clearing operation, including the "Battle of Mike's Hill", lasted until 29 January and resulted in 21 Marines killed and 130 NVA killed and 6 taken prisoner.
In early March 1968 following an action at Mai Xa Thi, prisoners revealed that the 320th was moving into the Cua Viet region to replace the 803rd Regiment which was moving further south into Thua Thien Province.
On 29 April the 320th attacked An Binh, north of Đông Hà, this drew two Battalions of the ARVN 2nd Regiment into a running battle and the 1st Battalion 9th Marines was sent into support the ARVN resulting in a 7 hour long battle that left 11 Marines, 17 ARVN and over 150 NVA dead.
Also on 30 April, an NVA unit opened fire on a US Navy Clearwater patrol from entrenched positions near Dai Do, 2.
It was later discovered that four NVA Battalions including the 48th and 56th from the 320th had established themselves at Dai Do.
The battle at Dai Do lasted until 3 May and resulted in 81 Marines and over 600 NVA killed.
The NVA engaged US and ARVN forces elsewhere around Đông Hà from 4—6 April, on the go here of 6 April the 2nd Brigade 1st Cavalry Division was deployed into Tru Kinh and on 9 April was ambushed by an NVA force resulting in 16 Army dead for the loss of 80 NVA.
On 10 April a night attack north of Nhi Ha was broken up by air, artillery and naval support, 159 NVA were killed.
After this the 320th had broken into small groups and was moving back towards the DMZ, from 9—17 May the 2nd Brigade reported killing 349 NVA for the loss of 28 killed.
While it seemed that the 320th had abandoned their attempts to take Đông Hà this was just a temporary lull.
On 22 May a unit from the 320th ran into a Company from 3rd Battalion 3rd Marines between Con Thien and Gio Linh and was caught in the open by Marine artillery and air support.
East of Con Thien the 1st Battalion 4th Marines encountered another NVA unit setting off a two-day battle as the NVA tried to escape back through the DMZ resulting in 23 Marines and 225 NVA killed.
On 25 May in actions at Dai Do and Nhi Ha 350 NVA were https://yournaughtystory.com/blackjack/city-lodge-johannesburg-montecasino.html />In two actions at Tru Kinh on 26 May over 56 NVA were killed for the loss of 10 Marines, while the ARVN killed 110 NVA north of Thuong Nghia.
On 27 April the Marines killed 28 NVA and by 30 May the 320th was attempting to escape through the Marine and ARVN cordon.
Total NVA losses in the second Battle of Đông Hà were over 1000 killed.
On 12 August 1968, a deserter from the 64th Regiment revealed that the 320th had once again crossed the DMZ and was moving to positions near Cam Lo.
In response to this the 3rd Marines deployed north of the Cam Lo River on 13 August and engaged the 8th Battalion of the 64th Regiment, killing 43.
The operation continued until 26 October resulting in over 1500 NVA killed hermit blackjack crazy the loss of less than 200 Marines.
Lam Son — Laos 1971 In 1971, the 320th, together with the 304th and 308th Divisions formed part of the VPA B-70 Corps based in southern Laos.
The 320th remains part of the Peoples Army of Vietnam PAVNArmy Group 3.
Battle of Ap Bac- 2nd of January 1963 1963 - Vietnam War Flag.
They make the same…mistakes over and over again in the same way.
Colonel — US Special Forces — John Paul Vann One of the First Major Battles of the Vietnam War, the Battle of AP BAC took place on the 2nd of January 1963 at the Hamlet of Bac in the Mekong Delta.
The Battle of Ap Bac was the first major victory by the Viet Cong over joint South Vietnamese and US Forces.
Commanders: Viet Cong, Hai Hoang - South Vietnamese, Bui Dinh Dam - US, John Paul Vann.
Original Allied information on this battle indicated that the ARVN had, unbeknown to the VC Force, located and surrounded them — However, prior to his death in 2006, Vietnamese journalist Pham Xuan An, who had access to MACV briefings was also a Viet Cong Spy and worked with Time magazine disclosed that information that Ap Bac was actually an ambush designed around information he provided and the ARVN were in fact lured into the battle.
Ho Chi Minh Hồ Chí Minh - 19 May 1890 — 2 September 1969born Nguyễn Sinh Cung, also known as Nguyễn Tất Thành and Nguyễn Ái Quốc, was the Vietnamese Communist revolutionary leader who was Chairman and First Secretary of the Workers' Party of Vietnam.
Hồ was also Prime Minister 1945—55 and President 1945—69 of the Democratic Republic very blackjack 6 deck chart think Vietnam North Vietnam.
He was a key figure in the foundation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945, as well as the People's Army of Vietnam PAVN and the Việt Cộng NLF or VC during the Vietnam War.
Hồ Chí Minh led the Việt Minh independence movement from 1941 onward, establishing the Communist-ruled Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945 and defeating the French Union in 1954 at the battle of Điện Biên Phủ.
He officially stepped down from power in 1965 due to health problems.
After the war, Saigon, the former capital of the Republic of Vietnam, was renamed Hồ Chí Minh City.
Any description of Ho's life before he came to power in Vietnam is necessarily fraught with ambiguity.
He is known to have used at least 50 and perhaps as many as 200 pseudonyms.
His place of birth and date of birth are products of academic consensus since neither is known with certainty.
Huy Chuong Chien Sy Ve Vang- Viet Cong Medal Glorious Warrior Soldier The Meritorious Soldier Medal is a medal of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam now the State of the Socialist Republic of Vietnamestablished under the Ordinance of September 12, 1961 of the Regular Committee, National Assembly and promulgated under the Decree No.
According to the Law on Emulation and Reward issued on 26 November 2003the Meritorious Soldier Medal was changed to Glorious Soldier Medal.
The Glorious Warrior Soldier Medal is awarded or posthumously awarded to soldiers who have contributed to the building of the Vietnam People's Army since the French Resistance War after July 20, 1954.
The medal comes in three orders and is recognised by the stripes on the ribbon.
Soldiers sacrificed in combat or posthumous work rose to the rank of Meritorious Soldier Https://yournaughtystory.com/blackjack/electronic-blackjack-rigged.html compared to the standard achieved before sacrifice.
Golden yellow five-pointed star, in the middle is the flag of victory, surrounded by the words "glorious fighters" In Vietnamese.
The outer diameter of the star is 47mm, the blackjack portable game material is gold-plated with 3 microns thick Nico.
card counting spreadsheet blackjack silk medallion pentagonal weave red flag, yellow line classification by the linegold-plated copper alloy Nico 3 micron thick; size 38mm x 27mm x 40mm.
Ho Chi Minh Campaign.
During the first week of April 1975 the North Vietnam Army deployed 18 divisions with over 300,000 men to the ongoing battle in South Vietnam.
The Offensive was so ferocious that the South Vietnam Army ARVN collapsed before it.
The Ho Chi Minh Campaign concluded on the 30th of April 1975 when T-54 Tanks smashed through the gates of the Presidential Palace in Saigon.
The second Vietnam War, The American War, had ended.
FIS The 11th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
Its last assignment was with the 343d Fighter Group at Duluth Airport, Minnesota, where it was inactivated on 30 June 1968.
Its last assignment was with 25th Air Division based at McChord AFB, Washington.
The squadron was inactivated on 7 December 1989.
blackjack double down pulling tractor 22 March 1968 the 318th FIS deployed to Osan AB, Republic of Korea from McChord AFB, WA to provide air defense following the 26 January 1968 North Korea seizure of the USS Pueblo.
This marked the first time in history that Aerospace Defense Command F-106 fighter interceptors had flown to a critical overseas link, using in-flight refueling along with tactical air units.
It returned to the United States after the Pueblo Crisis ended, and flew F-106s throughout the 1970s.
The 318th converted to F-15 Eagles in 1983.
Shoulder Patch - Airborne Recon 5th Special Forces US Special Forces Recon Team Anaconda RT Anaconda was the first of the Recon Team's in Vietnam not named after a US state.
Formed by MACV - Special Operations Group, RT Anaconda comprised of three US Special Forces personnel and nine Nung Tribesmen.
The Nung tribesmen, native of North Vietnam were considered 'Superb' in their fighting capabilities and members of the RT Ananconda were all Special Forces Trained and Airborne Trained and entitled to wear the Green beret of the US Special Forces.
RT Anaconda was one of the few Recon Teams that constantly changed its' patch design.
The Nung were originally supporters of the Viet Minh during the French Indochine War however were anti-communist and found themselves fighting on the side of the South and United States in the second Vietnam war.
The member of the Nung that manned RT Ananconda out of Khe Sanh were the elite of their Civilian Irregular Defense Groups CIDG.
VMA 225 — Skyhawks — Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 225 — All Weather Attack.
In the early 1960s the squadron had been trained for "special weapons" delivery.
This meant they were certified to deliver nuclear weapons.
On June 1, 1965, Skyhawks from VMA-225 were the first tactical fixed-wing aircraft to land at Chu Lai Air Base for participation in combat operations against Viet Cong forces in South Vietnam.
Several hours after landing, Lieutenant Colonel Robert W.
Baker, VMA-225 Commanding Officer, lead the first combat mission from the base striking the enemy six miles to the north.
VMA-225 returned to MCAS Cherry Point in October 1965.
In April 1966 the Grumman built A-6 Intruder replaced the A-4 Skyhawk as the squadron's combat ready aircraft.
While stationed at MCAS Cherry Point, VMA AW -225 provided air support for units of the 2nd Marine Division, Fleet Marine Force, Atlantic.
The squadron also deployed several times to MCAS Yuma, Arizona, for live weapons training.
In January 1969, VMA AW -225 deployed to Da Nang Air Base, Vietnam.
The primary mission of Marine All Weather Attack Squadron 225 was to provide close air support and direct air support for ground elements for allied forces in the I Corp area of South Vietnam.
The squadron attacked and destroyed surface targets day and night, and in all weather conditions.
A secondary mission was to utilize the Intruder's unique search radar Airborne Moving Target Indicator AMTI features in the interdiction of trucks on the Ho Chi Minh Trail in Southeast Asia.
During May 1971, VMA AW -225 returned to MCAS El Toro, California, and the squadron was deactivated on June 15, 1972 119th Assault Helicopter Company — Gators and Crocodiles.
Formed in Vietnam on the 25th of June 1963 — Based at Pleiku.
The 119th were formed from the assets of the 81st Transport Company Light Helicopterpreviously from Hawaii and based at Pleiku since the 17th of September 1962.
Original strength of 200 operatives from the 81st Transport.
The 119th developed both Air Attack and Airmobile units — Maximum strength of 288 operatives at their peak in 1970.
Stood down deactivated at Pleiku on the 14th of December 1970.
Batmen — Marine All Weather Continue reading Squadron 242 — VMA AW 242.
In late 1966, VMA AW -242 joined the 1st MAW at Da Nang Air Base, Republic of Vietnam and by November of that year, was participating in combat operations against the Viet Cong and the People's Army of Vietnam.
Initially the squadron supported allied ground forces, but during April 1967, they were also assigned to the first of many Operation Rolling Thunder missions over North Vietnam.
The squadron, utilizing the unique capabilities of the A-6, flew patrols over North Vietnam until the bombing halt late in 1968.
During the war, the squadron was known as the Batmen.
At some date after the war this was modified to the Bats.
Duc Lap Camp also known as Duc Lap Special Forces Camp or Hill 722 was a U.
Army, US Special Forces and Army of the Republic of Vietnam ARVN base southwest of Buôn Ma Thuột in the Central Highlands of Vietnam.
The 5th Special Forces Group Detachment A-239 first established a base here in October 1966.
The base was located 67 km southwest of Buôn Ma Thuột and approximately 14 km from the Cambodian border.
In August 1968, the base was manned by US Special Forces, 3 members of the 403rd Radio Research Click to see more Operations Detachment, 11 ARVN special forces and over 600 CIDG troops.
From 23—25 August 1968 the NVA attempted to overrun the base.
The assault was defeated at a cost of 6 U.
The 20th Special Operations Squadron used Duc Lap as a forward base for operations into Cambodia.
In October 1969 the NVA again besieged Duc Lap and Bu Prang Camp, with the siege only being broken by the ARVN in December.
In December 1970 the base was transferred to the Vietnamese Rangers.
BUCKANEERS — USS BUCK — US NAVY — DD 761 Korean War.
Late in 1950, as a unit of Destroyer Division 71, the USS Buck joined the United Nations Forces in Korea.
While there she suffered considerable damage in a collision with the destroyer John W.
Buck was ordered back to the west coast after temporary repairs at Sasebo, Japan.
Between January and March 1951 she underwent repairs at Bremerton, Washington, and then returned to Korean waters arriving 30 April 1951.
She operated with United Nations Forces until July when she returned to the west coast.
In January 1952 Buck, with Destroyer Division 71, departed for another tour in the Western Pacific.
She operated with the shore bombardment forces and with the fast carrier task force until returning to San Diego 11 July 1952.
On her sixth Far Eastern tour, between February and September 1953, she operated with TF's 72, 77 Tonkin Gulf95, 96, and 97 off Korea until the Armistice was declared.
Buck continued operations along the western seaboard and completed at least three more Far Eastern cruises.
Buck received six battle stars for her Korean service.
The USS Buck DD 761 Operated as part of the US 7th Fleet n the Tonkin Gulf and as part of Operation Market-time until she was deactivated in July of 1973 and sold to the Brazilian Navy.
HMM 161 — Helicopter Marine Medium 161 HMM-161 deployed in May 1965 to Phu Bai Combat Base HueRepublic of Vietnam and attached to MAG-16, 1st Marine Aircraft Wing.
It then relocated in January 1966 to Marine Corps Air Station Futenma, Okinawa to receive its new Vertol CH-46 Sea Knight.
By April 1966, the Greyhawks had redeployed to Da Nang, with a move to Phu Bai that June.
On September 25, 1966 a UH-34D HUS from HMM-161 was struck by a friendly artillery shell while conducting a medevac mission during Operation Prairie resulting in the death all five Marines on board.
It is the only known case of friendly artillery fire shooting down an American helicopter during the war.
The squadron relocated once again in November 1966 to Futenma, Okinawa, where it was attached to Marine Aircraft Group 15 MAG-159th Marine Amphibious Brigade.
A month later the Greyhawks returned to CONUS, as they were attached to Marine Aircraft Group 26 MAG-262d MAW at Marine Corps Air Station New River, North Carolina.
HMM-161 then redeployed in May 1968 to Quảng Trị Combat Base, Republic of Vietnam and attached to provisional Marine Aircraft Group 39 MAG-391st MAW.
The Squadron finished its Vietnam years with its final deployment to Phu Bai in October 1969 while attached to MAG-16, 1st MAW.
HMM-161 came home in September 1970 and attached to MAG-56, 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing, Fleet Marine Force Pacific.
It was reassigned in July 1971 to MAG-16, 3d MAW.
National Emulation Fighter - Chiến sĩ thi đua Ngành Tài Chính.
First issue — October 2017.
The title of "National Emulation Fighter" is awarded to individuals with outstanding achievements, among individuals who have won the title of emulation fighter.
The titles of emulation fighter at ministerial, provincial, central and provincial levels shall be considered and conferred on individuals with outstanding achievements.
MARS — Military Affiliate Radio Systems.
During the Vietnam War blackjack true counting small number of Marines, all licensed ham casinos cheating at blackjack operators were given civilian amateur radio equipment and told to use their ham radio skills to run phone patches, or telephone calls home for their fellow Marines.
The operation was called the Military Affiliate Radio System.
Most of the operators lived in their radio stations.
They had their own chain of command, as no other Marine Corps unit wanted anything to do with them, they seldom wore rank insignia, went by read article first names even on the radio and answered only to other MARS personnel.
Their counterparts in the United States placed collect telephone calls to the families and friends of the Marines in the field and patched the calls through on frequencies near the ham bands.
Sometimes, when the signals became too weak to be 'phone patch quality', they sent and received written messages for the troops in the form of MARSGRAMS by 'CW', or Morse Code.
The inactive unit was designated on the 28 December 1961 as the 704th Intelligence Corps Detachment.
Activated 25 January 1962 in Vietnam.
Inactivated 7 March 1966 in Vietnam.
Operated Aerial Surveillance, Ground Recon, never gained anywhere near battalion strength.
Lockheed - C-130E — Hercules.
The Lockheed C-130 Hercules is a four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft designed and built originally by Lockheed now Lockheed Martin.
Capable of using unprepared runways for takeoffs and landings, the C-130 was originally designed as a troop, medevac, and cargo transport aircraft.
The versatile airframe has found uses in a variety of other roles, including as a gunship AC-130for airborne assault, search and rescue, scientific research support, weather reconnaissance, aerial refueling, maritime patrol, and aerial firefighting.
It is now the main tactical airlifter for many military forces worldwide.
Over forty variants and versions of the Hercules, including a civilian one marketed as the Lockheed L-100, operate in more than 60 nations.
The C-130 entered service with the U.
During its years of service, the Hercules family has participated in numerous military, civilian and humanitarian aid operations.
The extended-range C-130E model entered service in 1962 after it was developed as an interim long-range transport for the Military Air Transport Service.
Essentially a B-model, the new designation was the result of the installation of 1,360 US gal 5,150 L Sargent Fletcher external fuel tanks practice counting blackjack cards each wing's midsection and more powerful Allison T56-A-7A turboprops.
The hydraulic boost pressure to the ailerons was reduced back to 2,050 psi 14.
The E model also featured structural improvements, avionics upgrades and a higher gross weight.
Australia took delivery of 12 C130E Hercules during 1966—67 to supplement the 12 C-130A live casino already in service with the RAAF.
Dau Tieng Base Camp.
Dầu Tiếng Base Camp also known as LZ Dầu Tiếng or Camp Rainier is a former U.
Army and Army of the Republic of Vietnam ARVN base in the Dầu Tiếng District in Bình Dương Province in southern Vietnam.
US Special Forces and CIA operatives used the base as it had a facility for a runway and was essential to the operations on the Cambodian border.
At different times it housed elements of the US 1st and 25th Infantry Division.
The camp was located in the Dầu Tiếng District, 60 km northwest of Tan Son Nhut Air Base Saigon and 24 km east of Tây Ninh between the Saigon River and the Michelin Rubber Plantation.
On 4 July 1968 the base was subjected to a heavy People's Army of Vietnam PAVN rocket and mortar attack followed by probes on the base perimeter resulting in 5 U.
On 23 February 1969 the base was attacked by PAVN sappers.
Hartsock would be posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions during the attack.
Today, part of the base appears to remain in use by the PAVN.
The airfield is no longer used but remains visible on satellite images.
The 1st and 2nd battalions of the 503rd Airborne Infantry Regiment arrived in Vietnam out of Okinawa on the 31st of May 1965.
They were followed by the 4th battalion out of Fort Cambpell on the 25th of June 1966 to replace the 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiments role with the 173rd Airborne.
The newly formed 4th Battalion arrived out of Fort Bragg ndson the 23rd of October 1967.
All battalions served with the 173rd Airborne.
The 2nd Battalion has the distinction of being the only airborne infantry battalion to make a Combat Parachute assault of the Vietnam War during operation Junction City Tay Ninh, 22nd of February 1967.
The 1st Battalion was the first of the 503rd to leave Vietnam on the 27th of April 1971, the 2nd left in July, the 3rd on the 5th of August and the 4th battalion left Vietnam on the 20th of August 1971.
All battalions operated at full strength of approximately 900 operatives.
Along with the US Air Force's U2 Spyplane and US Navy's RF-Crusaders the RF-101 reconnaissance variant of the Voodoo was instrumental during the Cuban Missile Crisis, however the majority of it's service was during the Vietnam War.
Interceptor versions of the RF-101 served with the Air National Guard until 1982, and in Canadian service they were a front line part of NORAD until their replacement in the 1980s.
While the Voodoo was a moderate success, it may have been more important as an evolutionary step towards its replacement in most roles, the F-4 Phantom II.
VMFA 312 — Checkboards — Marine All Weather Attack Squadron 312.
During the Vietnam War, the Checkerboards performed the vital mission of training combat aircrews prior to their deployment to Southeast Asia, Phantom Mk II.
In 1973, the squadron received the newer F-4J aircraft, with its much improved radar and avionics, as well as improved aerodynamic design.
C-123 — Forward Air Control — Truck Killer — CANDLESTICK - Fairchild C-123 Candlestick - Truck Killer Forward Air Control The first C-123s to reach South Vietnam were part of the USAF's Special Aerial Spray Flight, as part of Operation Ranch Hand Spraying of Agent Orange tasked with defoliating the jungle in order to deny the Viet Cong their traditional hiding places.
These aircraft began their operations at the end of 1961.
Aircraft fitted with spraying equipment were given the U prefix as a role modifier, with the most common types being the UC-123B and the UC-123K.
Aircraft configured for this use were the last to see military service, in the control of outbreaks of insect-borne disease.
FAC - Candlestick The "Candlestick" aircraft had an extended life when several UC-123K's were transferred to Nakhon Phanom RTAFB - Thailand.
During that period, it was used as a flare ship as well as a FAC aircraft.
The flare duties were generally used for troops in contact TIC while the FAC mission directed air strikes in Laos over the HCM Trail.
Forward Air Control Unit - Lighting ground for destruction of vehicles and personnel operating along the Ho Chi Minh Trail.
In September 1966 the 101st Airborne Division relocated north to the I Corps.
The 336th AHC relocated back to Soc Trang and operated there until October 1971 when the Company Stood-Down.
They were the last Aviation Unit to leave Soc Trang.
Lai Khe Combat Base.
Lai Khê ấp Lai Khê — xã Lai Hưng, Bến Cát, Bình Dương also known as Lai Khê Base was a Army of the Republic of Vietnam ARVN and U.
Located along Highway 13 to the northwest of Saigon and about 20 km north of Thủ Dầu Một in southern Vietnam.
Lai Khê was also the Headquarters for the U.
Army's 1st Infantry Division.
Long Tieng — Laos — The Most Secret Place on Earth.
Long Tieng also spelled Long Chieng, Long Cheng, or Long Chen is now an off limits, Laotian military base located in Xiang Khouang Province.
During the Vietnam War, it served as a town and airbase operated by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States.
During this time, it was also referred to as Lima Site 98 LS 98 or Lima Site 20A LS 20A.
At the height of its significance in the late 1960s, the "secret city" of Long Tieng maintained a population of 40,000 inhabitants, making it the second largest city in Laos at the time, although it appeared on few maps throughout this period.
In 1962 the CIA first set up a headquarters for Major General Vang Pao in the Long Tieng valley, which at that time had almost no inhabitants.
By 1964 a 1260m-long runway had been completed and by 1966 Long Tieng was one of the largest US installations on foreign soil, becoming one of the busiest airports in the world.
North Vietnamese forces began to threaten Long Tieng in late 1971, and came close enough to start shelling the area on December 31st at 15:30 local time.
In early January, 19,000 North Vietnamese forces launched a four pronged attack on Long Tieng from all four directions, encircling the site, capturing several facilities and positions, and installing antiaircraft batteries.
Despite subsequent claims of victory from communist forces, the 10,000 defenders of Long Tieng, a mixture of Hmong, Thai, and Lao, had not been overrun, and in mid-month reinforcements appeared in the form of CIA-led Thais and 1200 elite irregulars from southern Laos.
After enduring a third to 50% casualties, these forces succeeded in taking back key positions by the end of the month.
It was located in a valley at 3,100 feet elevation, high enough to have chilly nights and cold fogs.
It was surrounded by mountains and on the northwest side of the runway were karst outcrops several hundred feet high.
And the Americans here are mostly CIA operatives with goofy code names like Hog, Mr.
The town itself is not much.
On February 22, 1975, the final defensive outpost for Long Tieng was defeated, leading US Brigadier General Heinie Aderholt to begin planning an evacuation.
By May 1975, there were almost 50,000 guerrillas and refugees living in and around the city.
However, by then, the U.
There were few resources for an evacuation.
Daniels had only a single transport aircraft and Hmong pilot in Long Tieng to take evacuees to Udon Thani, Thailand.
Aderholt located three additional American transport aircraft and pilots in Thailand.
On May 10, 1975, Vang Pao reluctantly followed the CIA's counsel and decided that he could no longer maintain Long Tieng against the opposing forces.
Between May 10 to May 14, 1975, US C-130s and C-46s airlifted people from the airbase to US bases in Thailand.
Between 1,000 and 3,000 Hmong were evacuated.
Crowds of civilians surrounded the flights on the runways, creating a chaotic atmosphere.
Those evacuated were primarily Hmong military leaders and CIA employees.
The evacuation ended with the departure of Major General Vang Pao and Jerry Daniels.
Vang Pao told the people still on the tarmac "Farewell, my brothers, I can do nothing more for you, I would only be a torment for you," as he boarded a helicopter.
Tens of thousands of fighters and refugees were left behind.
The 10,000 or more Hmong clustered around the airfield expected more aircraft to return, but they soon realized that none would come.
The shelling of Long Tieng began on the afternoon of May 14.
Many of the Hmong fighters and their families made their way overland to Thailand during the next several years, a dangerous journey that cost many of them their lives During the Vietnam War, Long Tieng became the largest Hmong settlement in the world.
General Vang Pao moved to the United States in 1975.
USAF PARARESCUE — Para Rescue Pararescuemen also known as PJs are United States Air Force Special Operations Command AFSOC and Air Combat Command ACC operators tasked with recovery and medical treatment of personnel in humanitarian and combat environments.
These special operations units are also used to support NASA missions and have been used to recover astronauts after water landings.
They are attached to other SOF teams from all branches to conduct other operations as appropriate.
The Vietnam War was a pivotal conflict for the Pararescue teams.
The Air Force's scope of operations became so large that demand for Pararescue teams expanded as well.
The use of helicopters caused new tactics utilizing the speed, distance, and support they could provide.
Rescue "packages" were created utilizing FACs Forward Air Controllersrescue escorts such as AH-1 Cobras or A-1 Sandysprotective fighter CAP Combat Air PatrolHC-130 "King" Hercules for Rescue Mission Coordination and helicopter refueling, and the HH-3 Jolly Green Giant and HH-53 Super Jolly Green Giant helicopters to provide fast rescue for pilots shot down far behind enemy lines.
Pararescue personnel were part of these packages to provide medical assistance for injured aircrew as well as the ability to patrol for missing aircrew that might have been unconscious or dead.
Pararescue team members would be inserted to conduct LSO Limited Surface Operations searches while the escorts maintained an aggressive patrol to provide instantaneous support.
Sometimes they would be inserted to search for personnel who were being forced to escape and evade; in such cases the mission might last for days.
The Pararescue teams racked up an impressive record; during the conflict only 19 Airmen were awarded the Air Force Cross.
Ten of those were awarded to Pararescuemen.
The site is officially listed as having been opened in 1964 however CIA Operatives were running Indigenous Mercenaries out of this camp since at least as early as 1962.
November 1965 saw elements of the US Marines, 1st Recon Platoon located the with the US Special Forces detachment.
Having at it's it height more than 500 operatives based at the camp at Ba To Quang Ngai Province the camp was handed to the 69th Ranger Battalion Tiger Force Rangers in September of 1970 as the US Special Forces pulled out of the area.
Previously known as US Special Forces Detachment A-106, the re-occupying Rangers renamed the camp A-706.
They were to remain at the camp until Mid 1972 when the base was overrun.
Recon Team New Mexico was charged with the conduct of non-conventional classified operations out of MACV Command and Control North at Khe Sanh and Da Nang, and specifically the incursion into Laos and Cambodia in pursuit of active VC and Khmer Communist Insurgents.
RT New Mexico, US Special Force, Green Berets, Elite Airborne Phantom — F4-G Desert Storm On 15 August 1990, 24 F-4G Wild Weasel Vs and six RF-4Cs were deployed to Shaikh Isa AB, Bahrain, for Operation Desert Storm.
The F-4G was the only aircraft in the USAF inventory equipped for the Suppression of Enemy Air Defenses SEAD role, and was needed to protect coalition aircraft from Iraq's extensive air defense system.
One F-4G was lost when enemy fire damaged the fuel tanks and the aircraft ran out of fuel near a friendly airbase.
The last USAF Phantoms, F-4G Wild Weasel Vs from 561st Fighter Squadron, were retired on 26 March 1996.
The last operational flight of the F-4G Wild Weasel was from the 190th Fighter Squadron, Idaho Air National Guard, in April 1996.
Thuong Binh — Wounded Veterans and Martyrs In order to direct the work of wounded soldier in the whole country, on February 26, 1947, the Department of War Invalids and Social Affairs was established.
In early July 1947, a campaign was organized to organize the National Day of Martyrs.
At this time, in Ban Co hamlet, Hung Son commune, Dai Tu district, Thai Nguyen province, representatives from the Viet Minh General Secretariat, the Central Vietnam Women's Union, the Central Youth Union, the Vietnamese National Team, the Propaganda Department and some localities attended a meeting organized by the Vietnam National Army Politburo.
The content of the meeting was the implementation of Ho Chi Minh's instructions to select martyrs and for the protection of wounded soldiers.
At this meeting, at the request of the political representative of the Vietnam National Army, after considering many aspects, the conference unanimously proposed that the Central Committee dated 27 July 1947 as the day of war invalids and martyrs.
Each year, free casino online blackjack the 27th of July, is noted as the National Day of Mankind, Wounded Veterans and Martyrs.
Also participating in Operation Market Time were United States Coast Guard Squadron One and Squadron Three.
The Coast Guard provided heavily armed 82-foot 25 m patrol boats and large cutters that included 5" cannon used in battle and gunfire support.
DER's, Radar Picket Destroyer Escort Ships based in Pearl Harbor, provided long-term presence at sea offshore to guard against trawler infiltration.
Originally built for WWII convoy duty, and then modified for DEW duty in the North Atlantic, their sea keeping capability made them ideal for long-term presence source where they provided support for SWIFT boats, pilot rescue and sampan inspection.
There were two or three on station at all times.
Deployments were seven-months duration, with a four- or five-month turn-around in Pearl.
When off station, they alternated duty as Taiwan Defense Patrol, with stops in Subic and Sasebo for refit mid-deployment.
Operation Market Time was one of six Navy duties begun after the Tonkin Gulf Incident, along with Operation Sea Dragon, Operation Sealords, Yankee Station, PIRAZ, and naval gunfire support.
DEWS: The Distant Early Warning Line, also known as the DEW Line or Early Warning Blackjack free phone calls, was a system of radar stations in the far northern Arctic region of Canada, with additional stations along the North Coast and Aleutian Islands of Alaska, in addition to the Faroe Islands, Greenland, and Iceland.
It was set up to detect incoming Soviet bombers during the Cold War, and provide early warning of any sea-and-land invasion.
Cessna O-2 Super Skymaster - Suck n Blow US AIR FORCE - Psy Ops The term suck and blow came from the noise made by the engine of the Cessna placed behind the pilot.
The Cessna O-2 Super Skymaster was ordered by the U.
Air Force in 1966 to replace the Cessna O-1 until a purpose-built aircraft could be put into service as a Forward Air Control and light observation aircraft.
Because the Skymaster was a two seater, one crewmember could be freed from piloting the aircraft to concentrate on the difficult mission of Forward Air Control, which included such diverse tasks as marking targets for air strikes, giving strike briefings to incoming attack pilots, and avoiding ground threats.
This made the O-2 ideal for the FAC mission, even if low-and-slow FAC pilots had to wait until the appearance of its successor, the OV-10 Bronco, to be protected by armor plating.
Boomer — Boom Operator In the U.
Air Force, a boom operator Boomer is an aircrew member aboard tanker aircraft who is responsible for safely and effectively refueling other aircraft during flight.
The name knife blackjack 155 operator implies that one "operates a boom" which in the case of a tanker is a long extendable metal arm that connects two aircraft for fuel transfer.
Boom operators also control other air refueling equipment such as the refueling hose when using the probe-and-drogue system.
The official Air Force title for boom operators is "In-Flight Refueling Operator" but this title is usually reserved for administrative paperwork such as enlistment contracts and performance reports in reference to the 1A0X1 "In-Flight Refueling" Air Force Specialty Code.
The title "Boom Operator" is most commonly used, often informally shortened to "boomer".
Mechanized Panthers — 2nd Battalion, 8th Infantry, 4th Infantry Division.
Arrived in Vietnam on the 10th of August 1966 and was part of the 4th Infantry Division Poison Ivy — Was fully Mechanized by May 1967.
Based primarily in the central Highlands, Dak To, Pleiku, Kontum they were full battalion sized with over 900 Operatives.
They departed Vietnam on the 7th of December 1970.
PATHET LAO The Pathet Lao Lao: ປະເທດລາວ, "Lao Nation" was a communist political movement and organization in Laos.
It was an ally of the North Vietnam Army and the Viet Cong.
The group was ultimately successful in assuming political power in 1975, after the Laotian Civil War.
The Pathet Lao were always closely associated with Vietnamese communists.
During the civil war, it was effectively organized, equipped and even led by the People's Army of Vietnam.
They fought against the anti-communist forces in the Vietnam War.
Eventually, the term became the generic name for Laotian communists.
The political movement of the Pathet Lao was called first the "Lao People's Party" 1955—1972 and later the "Lao People's Revolutionary Party".
The political wing of the Pathet Lao, called the "Lao Patriotic Front" Lao: Neo Lao Hak Xat served in multiple coalition governments, starting in 1956.
Through the 1960s and 1970s the Pathet Lao battled the Royal Lao government during the Laotian Civil War, gaining control of the north and east of Laos.
The Pathet Lao gained power throughout the country by the spring of 1975.
In December 1975, the US-backed Vientiane government fell and the Lao People's Revolutionary Party formed a new government.
M16 Rifle The M16 rifle, officially designated Rifle, Caliber 5.
The original M16 was a selective fire 5.
In 1964, the M16 entered U.
In 1969, the M16A1 replaced the M14 rifle to become the U.
It is derived from, but is not identical to, the.
Battle of Ben Tre — Tet Offensive 1968 Bến Tre is the capital city of Bến Tre Province, in the Mekong Delta area of southern Vietnam.
Bến Tre is 85 kilometres 53 miles south-east of Ho Chi Minh City and is connected to the surrounding provinces by the Rạch Miễu Bridge.
Nearly destroyed by Allied bombing, it played a significant role in the Vietnam War.
During the Battle of Ben Tre, Tet Offensive 1968, reports of the assault and resulting civilian casualties called into question the war aims of the United States.
A famous quote from the Vietnam War was a statement attributed to an unnamed U.
He was talking about the decision by allied commanders to bomb and shell the town regardless of civilian casualties, to rout the Viet Cong.
During her career, Northwind conducted extensive oceanography, hydrography and cartography studies, as well as icebreaking, during Operation Nanook and Operation Highjump.
Northwind was the last Wind-class icebreaker when she was decommissioned in Wilmington, North Carolina on 20 January 1989 after 44 years of service.
They operated from Davis Station, Tan Son Nhut Air Base, Saigon.
They commanded Signal operations in CTZ III and CTZ IV.
The 26th, 39th, 40th, 41st, 44th, 52nd, 54th, 69th, 86th and 972nd Signal Battalions were under the command of the 2nd Signal Group, Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment HDD.
They blackjack insignia mobile strike Vietnam on the 23rd of October 1971.
We Do It Immediately - Nos Statim Agimus - 268th Aviation Battalion.
Out of Fort Hood, 4th of May 1967 - A HQ and HQ Detachment, approximately 110 operatives - Served until 21st of January 1972 before returning to Fort Hood.
Initially stationed at Phu Hiep they moved to Tuy Hoa in September 1970.
Provided aviation support for the northern sector of CTZ II.
At varying times commanded the; 48th, 61st, 129th, 134th, 180th, 192nd, 196th, 205th, 225th, 228th and 355th Aviation Companies.
F-5 Northrop — Aircraft The Northrop F-5A and F-5B Freedom Fighter and the F-5E and F-5F Tiger II are part of a supersonic light fighter family, initially designed in the late 1950s by Northrop Corporation.
Being smaller and simpler than contemporaries such as the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II, the F-5 cost less to both procure and operate, making it a popular export aircraft.
The F-5 started life as a privately funded light fighter program by Northrop in the 1950s.
The design team wrapped a small, highly aerodynamic fighter around two compact and high-thrust General Electric J85 engines, focusing on performance and low cost of maintenance.
Though primarily designed for the day air superiority role, the aircraft is also a capable ground-attack platform.
The F-5A entered service in the early 1960s.
During the Cold War, over 800 were produced through 1972 for U.
Though the USAF had no acknowledged need for a light fighter, it did procure roughly 1,200 Northrop T-38 Talon trainer aircraft, which were directly based on the F-5A.
After winning the International Fighter Aircraft competition in 1970, a program aimed at providing effective low-cost fighters to American allies, Northrop introduced the second-generation F-5E Tiger II in 1972.
Cheo Reo Combat Base Hau Bon — Map 6635 i — Series — L7014 Note: Cheo Reo Special Forces Camp and Ben Bang Heliport is located at the square encampment, northwest of Cheo Reo City and airfield on map.
AREA INFORMATION: Cheo Reo Bordering Darlac Province and to the North of Saigon Cheo Reo was an important strategic town for the early US Military and CIA operatives working in Vietnam.
The CIA were operating WANDA Flights over this area as early as the mid 1950's in preparation of building a camp there.
A meeting point for many of the Montangard Tribes, Cheo Reo saw regular movement of Tribal people from Viet Cong controlled areas, providing valuable information and the means of inserting agents into their home areas.
A US Special Forces Base camp was set up in Cheo Reo, designated Detachment A-6 and later A-424 as early as 1961 and probably before and the US Special Forces from Cheo Reo directed the operations of numerous Mike Force units in the area.
Shortly after the 5th Special Forces Detachment removed themselves from Cheo Reo in 1971 and the camp was handed over to the ARVN Tiger Force Rangers the area was lost to the North Vietnamese although the camp remained open until mid 1973.
CHFM Cargo Helicopter Field Maintenance.
Finest of the First — 160th Signal Group Arrived in Vietnam out of Fort Huachuca on the 2nd of May 1967 slots blackjack free casino games 160th was a HHD Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment manned by approximately 120 operatives.
The 160th was located in Long Binh and was responsible for the for the training and operations of communication units in Saigon and Long Binh.
They commanded the 40th, 44th, 60th and 69th Signals Battalions as well as the Saigon Signal Support Agency, Long Binh SS Agency and the Southeast Asia Signal School.
By late August 1968 the battalion had been fully re-organised as an Airmobile Infantry Battalion Helicopter insertion.
They fought in the battle of Hue Citadel during the Tet offensive of 1968.
They departed Vietnam on the 19th of January 1972.
It click a HQ and HQ Detachment of approximately 220 operatives.
It was formed to give an increased Airmobile Helicopter insertion capability to the 101st Airborne Division.
It was involved in the US Invasion of Laos Operation Lam Son in early 1971.
It departed Vietnam on the 19th of January 1972.
HABU — OLRK — US Air Force Lockheed — SR-71- 99th Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron.
HABU — Nicknamed after the venomous snake HABU, found on the Ryukus Island chain, Japan.
OLRK — Operating Location 8 — Later re-designated OLRK, RK being for the island chain of Ryukus which contains Okinawa.
USAF — 907th Tactical Airlift Group.
Established at Clinton County Air Force Base, Ohio on the 11th of February 1963, as the headquarters for the 356th Troop Carrier Squadron, which had been stationed there since June 1952.
Along with group headquarters, a Combat Support Squadron, Materiel Squadron and a Tactical Infirmary were organized to support the 356th.
The group's mission was to organize, recruit and train Air Force Reserve personnel in the tactical airlift of airborne forces, their equipment and supplies and delivery of these forces and materials by airdrop, landing martingale system online cargo extraction systems.
The group was equipped with Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcars for Tactical Air Command airlift operations.
The 907th TCG was one of two C-119 groups assigned to the 302d TCW in 1963, the other being the 906th Troop Carrier Group also at Clinton County AFB.
Replaced C-119s with Fairchild C-123 Provider assault transport in 1967, began training with special operations forces when parent 302nd Tactical Airlift Wing was re-designated as a Special Operations Wing in 1970.
Inactivated in 1975 as part of post-Vietnam War drawdown.
Primarily located at Dong Ba Thin and in charge of Aviation movement in CTZ II South Vietnam.
Out of Fort Benning 29th of October 1965 they were a HQ and HQ Detachment, company size of approx.
Field Force I — FFI I Field Force, Vietnam was a corps-level command of the United States Army during the Vietnam War.
Activated on 15 March 1966, it was the successor to Task Force Alpha, a provisional corps command created 1 August 1965 renamed Field Force Words. blackjack 21 en linea can on 25 September for temporary control of activities of U.
Army ground combat units arriving in Vietnam.
I Field Force was a component of U.
Military Assistance Command Vietnam MACV and had its headquarters at Nha Trang.
Field Force II II Field Force, Vietnam was a United States Army Corps-level command during the Vietnam War.
Activated on 15 March 1966, it became the largest corps command in Vietnam and one of the largest in Army history.
II Field Force was assigned the lineage of the XXII Corps, a World War II corps in the European Theater of Operations.
II Field Force was a component of U.
Military Assistance Command Vietnam MACV and had its headquarters in Long Binh.
NVA — North Vietnam Army During the French Indochina War 1946—1954the PAVN was often referred to as the Việt Minh.
In the context of the Vietnam War 1959—1975the army was referred to as the North Vietnamese army NVA or the Peoples Army of Vietnam PAVN.
This allowed writers, the U.
However, both groups ultimately worked under the same command structure.
Soon after the 1954 Geneva Accords, the 330th and 338th Divisions were formed by southern Vietminh members who had moved north in conformity with that agreement, and by 1955, six more divisions were formed: the 328th, 332nd, and 350th in the north of the DRV, the 305th and the 324th near the DMZ, and the 335 Division of soldiers repatriated from Laos.
In 1957, the theatres of the war with the French were reorganised as the first five military regions, and in the next two years, several divisions were reduced to brigade size to meet the manpower requirements of collective farms.
By 1958 it was becoming increasingly clear that the South Vietnamese government was solidifying its position as an independent republic under Ngô Đình Diệm who staunchly opposed the terms of the Geneva Accord that required a national referendum on unification of north and south Vietnam under a single national government, and North Vietnam prepared to settle the issue of unification by force.
In May 1959 the first major steps to prepare infiltration routes into South Vietnam were taken; Group 559 was established, a logistical unit charged with establishing routes into the south via Laos and Cambodia, which later became famous as the Ho Chi Minh trail.
At about the same time, Group 579 was created as its maritime counterpart to transport supplies into the South by sea.
Most of the early infiltrators were members of the 338th Division, former southerners who had been settled at Xuan Mai from 1954 onwards.
Regular formations were sent to Southern Vietnam from 1965 onwards.
Although the PAVN lost militarily to the US forces and ARVN in the south, the political impact of the war in the United States was strong.
In 1975 the PAVN were successful in aiding the Khmer Rouge in toppling the Lon Nol's US-backed regime, despite heavy US bombing.
After the withdrawal of most United States' combat forces from Indochina because of the Vietnamization strategy, the PAVN launched the ill-fated Easter Offensive in 1972.
Although successful at the beginning, the South Vietnamese repulsed the main assaults with U.
Still North Vietnam gained significant territories.
Nearly two years after the full United States' withdrawal from Indochina in accord with the terms of the 1973 Paris Peace Accords, the PAVN launched a Spring Offensive aimed at uniting Vietnam.
Without direct support of its US ally, and suffering from stresses caused by dwindling aid, the ARVN was ill-prepared to confront the highly motivated PAVN, and despite numerical superiority of the ARVN in tactical aircraft, armoured vehicles and overwhelming three to one odds in regular troops, the PAVN quickly secured victory within two months and captured Saigon on 30 April 1975, effectively ending the 70 years of conflict stemming from French colonial invasion of the 19th century and unifying Vietnam.
Viet Cong — Long Haired Women Women and women's groups played key roles in the three significant Vietnamese forces during the Vietnam War: North Vietnam, South Vietnam, and the Viet Cong VC.
This was especially true for the Communists, who recognized few differences between the genders on ideological grounds and who argued that women as well as men must take part in the struggle for national liberation.
As early as 1930 the Indochina Communist Party, the precursor to the Vietnamese Communist Party, or Lao Dong, had an affiliated Women's Union.
In 1945 a woman leader of the Viet Minh, Ha Thi Que, formed an all-woman's guerrilla unit prepared to fight against the French; by 1954, hundreds of thousands of women participated in official guerrilla units throughout Vietnam.
Most fought the political did blackjack casino video can rather than the military one, seeking to educate villagers, mobilize fighters, and provide behind-the-lines support.
Untold numbers of women also worked as laborers in providing transport of materials and on building projects.
In 1960, when the Viet Cong movement was rising in South Vietnam, Nguyen Thi Dinh began to form an army of peasant women eventually known as the Long-Haired Army.
Their goals were to encourage South Vietnamese soldiers to desert, stage rallies and strikes, and otherwise protest against the corruption of the Ngo Dinh Diem's Saigon regime.
Within the VC itself up to 40 percent of regimental commanders were women, and large numbers served as political cadres.
Nguyen Thi Dinh was herself a VC general and one of its top commanders.
Women took part in nearly every aspect of VC attacks, and they found that they made effective operatives in covert attacks, since neither the Americans nor the South Vietnamese were apt to suspect women of being active VC members.
Huge numbers of women also participated in the broader effort to oppose Saigon and its American allies.
By 1965, for instance, an organization known as the Women's Liberation Association WLA claimed as many as 1.
The WLA continued the effort to encourage soldiers to desert and provided education and communications to the VC.
WLA members also constructed booby traps and prepared and delivered food.
By contrast, few women joined the North Vietnamese Army, although almost all women received military training.
In North Vietnam, women's contributions consisted of working in factories, forming self-defense teams, and otherwise working for social cohesion.
Those women who did join the army generally served as medics or in behind-the-lines roles.
The North Vietnamese government recognized the value of propaganda praising women's contributions to the struggle for national liberation, as did the VC in the south.
Women were praised in posters, pamphlets, and speeches, which sometimes hearkened back to earlier female heroes in Vietnam such as the Trung sisters who fought against Chinese domination.
In the south, women found their official roles far more limited, which may partly explain the appeal to women of the Communist insurgency.
During Diem's regime, his sister-in-law, Madame Nhu, formed a women's solidarity movement to support the government and combat immorality.
Few took it seriously.
When the Vietnam War got under way in the early 1960s the South Vietnamese army formed a Women's Armed Forces Corps WAFC as an affiliate body.
The WAFC played a significant, though underreported, part in the South Vietnamese war effort.
Members provided behind-the-lines or medical support and often also took part in fighting.
In addition, a women's team of paratroopers and a special branch of the national police contributed greatly toward undermining the VC infrastructure in the late 1960s by collecting intelligence and infiltrating VC groups.
On 15 October 1962, the 119th was authorized to expand to a group level, and the 177th Tactical Fighter Group was established by the National Guard Bureau.
The 119th TFS becoming the group's flying squadron.
Other squadrons assigned into the group were the 177th Headquarters, 177th Material Squadron Maintenance177th Combat Support Squadron, and the 177th USAF Dispensary.
The 119th transitioned into F-86H aircraft.
Two years later, the unit transitioned into F-100 "Super Sabres".
In January 1968, a new crisis, the seizure of the American ship USS Pueblo by North Korean forces, and again the 119th was called to active duty.
In May 1968, the squadron was activated to federal service, and its personnel were assigned to the 113th Tactical Fighter Wing, Myrtle Beach AFB, South Carolina.
Personnel were spread throughout the United States, Taiwan, Korea, and Vietnam with the main unit stationed at the 113th TFW.
The 119th TFS returned to Atlantic City, New Jersey, in June 1969, and transitioned into the F-105 "Thunderchief" in 1970.
Mercenary PRU - JEAN SCHRAMME Originally the Patch of the 'Jean Schramme Mercenary Commando Group' that operated throughout the Belgian Congo and other African Countries, this patch was again used by mercenary advisors to Allied Provincial Recon Special Forces Units during the Vietnam war.
Although no clear information exists it is thought that members of the African Commando's were under the payment of the Government of South Vietnam as were other mercenaries and the patch originated from that.
The animal on the patch is an African Leopard.
Nui Ba Den — Black Virgin Mountain Black Virgin Mountain Vietnamese: Núi Bà Đen, Khmer: Phnom Chol Baden is a mountain in the Tây Ninh Province of Vietnam.
To the Vietnamese the mountain is the center of a myth about Bà Đen, a local deity of Khmer origin.
During the Vietnam War the area around the mountain was very active as the Ho Chi Minh Trail ended a few kilometers west across the Cambodian border.
The Mekong Delta is generally a flat region with the exception of the Black Virgin Mountain.
The mountain commands everything in its sight and was therefore a strategic location for both sides during the war.
In May 1964 the mountain top was assaulted by the Special Forces blackjack insignia mobile strike MIKE Force and the peak was held by American forces as a radio relay station.
Supplied by helicopter for much of the war the Americans controlled the top and the Vietcong controlled the bottom and surrounding foothills.
The base was occupied by over 140 Americans when on the night of 13th May 1968 the base was attacked and overrun by the Vietcong.
By the morning of the 14th of May the Vietcong had been driven off by gunship and artillery fire.
The results of the attack were 24 U.
MIA and 25 Vietcong killed.
In January 1969 the mountain was extensively searched by US Special Forces and Ranger Units.
In the tunnels that honeycombed the mountain they found arms caches, and engaged Vietcong units stationed on the mountain.
Throughout the war the Vietcong returned to the mountain and its cave bases.
Colonel Donald Cook was the first Marine captured in the Vietnam war.
For a time he was held near Black Virgin mountain.
In late 1973 the mountain was closed as an American base and handed over to the South Vietnam Army.
During the closing days of the war when the mountain was abandoned by Army of the Republic of Vietnam troops, the local population left the region afraid of the approaching communist soldiers.
TAY NINH Combat Base Tây Ninh Combat Base was established approximately 5 km west of the city of Tây Ninh and 12 km from the Vietnam-Cambodia border.
Tây Ninh served as the base for the 196th Light Infantry Brigade from April 1966 until August 1967.
On 21st of June 1969 after two days of shelling, the PAVN attacked the base go here Tây Ninh City but were repulsed, suffering 194 dead for the loss of 10 Americans.
In April 1970 the base was used as a staging area for U.
LAI KHE — Lai Khe Combat base.
Lai Khê ấp Lai Khê — xã Lai Hưng, Bến Cát, Bình Dương also known as Lai Khê Base was a former Army of the Republic of Vietnam ARVN and U.
Army base, located along Highway 13 to the northwest of Saigon and about 20 km north of Thủ Dầu Một in southern Vietnam.
The CIA ran US Special Forces operations and Mobile Guerrilla Forces from Lai Khe as early as 1961.
Army's 1st Infantry Division from October 1967 until January 1970.
Lai Khe was a major hub for the US Air Cavalry and the US Army Assault Helicopter Units operating in South Vietnam.
Landsberg Military Prison The blackjack como jugar bien Labor Service Company Polish was tasked with guarding Landsburg Prison in addition to actions during the War Crime Trials.
Landsberg, at one time held, amongst others, Rudolf Hess and it was in Landsberg Prison in the 1920's that Mein Kampf was written although then not a military prison.
Landsberg Prison was the landing spot of war criminals prosecuted at the Dachau Trials, more than 200 executions took place at Landsberg between 1946 and 1951.
Designated by the US Military as 'War Criminal Prison No.
Between 1945 and 1946, the prison housed a total of 110 prisoners convicted at the Nuremberg trials, a further 1416 war criminals from the Dachau trials and 18 prisoners convicted in the Shanghai trials, These were military tribunals conducted by the American forces in Japan between August 1946 and January 1947 to prosecute 23 German officials who had continued to assist the Japanese military in Shanghai after the surrender of Nazi Germany.
In five and half years, Landsberg prison was the place of execution of nearly 300 condemned war criminals.
Executions were carried out expeditiously.
In May 1946 twenty eight former SS guards from Dachau were hanged within a four-day period.
Bodies that were not claimed were buried in unmarked graves in the cemetery next to the Spöttingen chapel.
LAGRANGE CANAL Canal LaGrange — Vietnam The LaGrange Canal was throughout both the French Indochina War and the later Vietnam War American War used for the transportation of goods for the Viet Minh and later the Viet Cong.
The fields around the LaGrange Canal were considered a communist stronghold.
Both the French army and the French Navy held continuous combat operations along the canal.
The French forces were under continuous attack on the LaGrange Canal.
In the later American War Vietnam War the US Army and the US Navy had continuous operations along the LaGrange Canal.
It was patrolled on a regular basis by both US Special Forces and the US Navy SEALs.
It was on the banks of the LaGrange Canal at Ap Bac in January 1963 that the Viet Cong had their first victory against a learn more here US and South Vietnamese Force.
It was to remain a thorn in the heal of the Allies until surrender in 1975.
The LaGrange Canal was patrolled ongoingly during Operation Market Time.
Such is the interest of this area, that US Military Intelligence updated their information on this area twenty years after the end of the War in Vietnam.
LAGRANGE CANAL Canal LaGrange - Vietnam Le canal de LaGrange a été tout au long de la guerre d'Indochine française et la guerre du Vietnam plus tard guerre américaine utilisée pour le transport de marchandises pour le Viet Minh et plus tard le Viet Cong.
Les champs autour du canal de LaGrange étaient considérés comme un bastion communiste.
L'armée française et la marine française ont mené des opérations de combat continues le long du canal.
Le canal de LaGrange est situé dans la région connue sous le nom de «plaine des roseaux» et s'étend de la frontière cambodgienne dans la rivière My Tho et au nord vers Saigon intersection avec le canal Ong Lon.
Les forces françaises étaient constamment attaquées sur le canal de LaGrange.
Au cours de la dernière guerre américaine guerre du Vietnaml'armée américaine et la marine américaine ont mené des opérations continues le long du canal LaGrange.
Il a été patrouillé régulièrement par les forces spéciales américaines et les US Navy SEAL.
C'est sur les rives du canal de LaGrange, à Ap Bac, en janvier 1963, que les Viet Cong ont remporté leur première victoire face à une force combinée américaine et sud-vietnamienne.
Il devait rester une épine dans la guérison des Alliés jusqu'à leur reddition en learn more here />Le canal LaGrange a été patrouillé continuellement pendant l'opération Market Time.
Tel est l'intérêt de cette région, que les renseignements militaires américains ont mis à jour leurs informations sur cette zone vingt ans après la fin de la guerre au Vietnam.
Pour read more savoir plus sur le canal de LaGrange, veuillez vous reporter à la rubrique «Combattre à proximité: la guerre sur les rivières et les canaux du Vietnam».
Assigned to Turner Air Force Base, Georgia with mission of long-range escort of Boeing B-29 Superfortress bombers, later Boeing B-50 Superfortress and Convair B-36 Peacemakers as newer aircraft came into operation by SAC.

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Mobile Strike is an exciting new action game of modern war that lets you build a base, control the action, and train elite troops to fight against enemies on the battlefield!
Unlock cutting-edge assault vehicles, command powerful armies, and put your tactical mind to test against opponents across the globe in this worldwide MMO game!
Join forces with powerful players to create global alliances and conquer enemy territories in the immersive world of Mobile Strike!
No update No free stuff No point This was a excellent game with reasonable price packs at around £4.
STAY AWAY This game is a simple money making scam I have posted several reviews none of which got published.
Been playing form the start when the game was fin and the online community was great.
Unless you want to burn at least £1000 a month you wil not be able to compete.
The online community is dying out as people leave in their droves and MS do nothing about players who are abusive not those who are simply running scams on their platform.
Thousands of pounds is just wrong One sided game aimed at US users, everything is timed for them if your on GMT stay away from this game A game now is crap.
You put your ticket in and get back bullcrap.
Now you can get way higher than that But at £99.
If your not prepared to throw huge amounts of your money at it give it a wide birth.
I spent £800 on troop power for it all to be gone on one attack!
Honestly I have been playing this game for years and all it seems is it want to take your money.
As I say I have played this for years but this is the final straw.
I deleting it and will save my money.
I have been playing mobile strike for a few weeks and have not spent a single dollar and I am still having a lot of fun, the community is very positive and constructive.
No interest in making it sustainable for normal people wanting a fun place and a way of opening up the world for normal people to chat and play together.
It started out great but guess what won once again.
MS do not listen to feedback take forever to respond and all this when you have to pay extortionate prices for packs especially if UK based.
This game constantly crashes and is full of glitches.
In game purchases- items constantly missing from packs you buy.
Worse than the vilest form of drugs, very addictive!
Do not get drawn in!
Costs a fortune to play the game.
Got attacked once and total zeroed.
DO NOT download this game.
It should be band This game started with great promise, developing the base, growing with fellow alliance members with brilliant online chat, but then the big money offers became relentless, and essential in order to try and compete.
Even after spending several THOUSANDS buying packs, yes, THOUSANDS, the constant wave of upgrades made it impossible to keep up.
I had hundreds of teammates in this game, now there are almost zero.
The developers have priced any level of competitiveness totally off the scale for all but the extremely wealthy to the point where even reasonably big spenders are leaving in droves.
AND NOT PAY TO PLAY, DONT BOTHER UNLESS YOUR GONNA THROW AWAY A MINIMUM £100 A MONTH!!!
THINK WHAT YOU COULD SPEND A 100 bucks A MONTH ON??
KIDS EDUCATION OR THERE 1ST CAR OR HOUSE DEPOSIT, PAY OFF YOUR DEBTS QUICKER?
AN EXTRA SPECIAL XMAS,ANNIVERSARY OR BIRTHDAY GIFT?
OR MAYBE JUST A SHORT BREAK OR HOLIDAY?
THE POSSIBILITIES ARE ENDLESS.
This game is a rip click to see more and hardly anyone plays anymore.
So go ahead play this game but I guarantee you will get no where unless you spend thousands of your hard earned cash.
You have been warned!
I started playing MS in December 2016, I played for 8 months, after a month or so I was hooked.
It was enjoyable and you get to talk to lots of people and make friends worldwide.
However once I was hooked I wanted to be competitive and lead my alliance to glory!
Over the next 7 months I had spent £30k just to remain competitive and able to compete with the other top players.
Because of the frequency of updates a new player can catch even the best account up with a few large packs, forcing you to continue spending every day to keep ahead.
After £30k and deciding to quit the game my account was useless in just a few days.
I only pop in now and then for the convo, I have no commander and no troops.
Then the minimum payments went from £75 to £99.
Next they say their creating a new zone called mech which was really good.
For 2 payments of £20 you can build a good base and start to get going on it quite well.
And then the cost went up to good old £100 for not much more than the £20 had in them.
Could have bought my Harley by now.
Keep away unless you love being poor.
Like a lot of others I have been playing this game from the start.
It was fun however then the game became greedy.
Which meant after spending £100 on a pack you was then wiped out the next day as a better pack came available to buy.
IF YOU HAVE NOT ALREADY, THEN DOWNLOAD NOW!
DO NOT LISTEN TO THE BOTS SENT FROM OTHER DEVELOPERS OR THOSE STUPID HATERS GET NOW!
Great concept of a game but developers greed has ruined it.
I understand the need to keep things changing in order to python blackjack code interest in the game, however it has become too expensive to play, the developers are just too damn greedy.
Should also be marked as 18+ as no child should be subjected to the onslaught of packs £99.
Then they decided to reboot the game bringing out cybernetics with a purchase which made all previous buildings, troops and purchases useless.
They also rebooted the currency making platinum the main currency and gold became somewhat redundant.
They have since rebooted the game again bringing in a new state, gold is now completely obsolete as is platinum to a certain extent.
All previous purchases are also pretty much obsolete as the game has shifted to the new state.
The developers are just after your money.
Apple should remove this have from the store.
Pile of slow crap.
I have two accounts on this game.
I had the knowledge that the gold I had would keep my bases safe.
I invested my gold for a month and it built up to a nice sum.
Then my peace shield ran out.
I went to buy one only it no longer cost 45,000 gold it costs 30,000,000 Loyalty.
They told me they would forward to the develops.
Without one you may as well give up.
If you have money to throw at this game.
Please think twice before you start to play.
You could use it for far better causes than a game that will annoy the hell of you.
Would I recommend this game errrmmm.
Not even to my dog.
A very annoyed gamer.
WE SAY NO, DO NOT DOWNLOAD, DO NOT PLAY, THERE IS NOTHING FAIR IN THIS GAME, THETE IS ALSO NO FUN AT ALL, PEOPLE THAT SAY THERE IS ATE LYING TO YOU.
THIS PEOPLE ONLY WANT YOUR MONEY EVERYTHING COSTS 99.
LISTEN ABD READ OTHER REVIEWS, THERE IS NO CUSTOMER SERVICE AT ALL, NO MATTER THE TICKET PROBLE THERE ARE THE SAME FOUR LINES OF RESPONSE, PLEASE GO PLAY ANYTHING ELSE JUST NEVER EVER EVER DOWNLOAD THIS, BY THE END OF THE YEAR IF IT LASTS THAT LONG THE GAME AND COMPANY WILL BE GONE.
From Sept 1st 2017- 31 Dec 2017 the day before cyber was launched and the game got wrecked, if you brought a pack cheap or expensive, this is fraud and your allowed our money back if you can prove you brought it, because of the 1st of jan 18, and cyber launched every single pack brought before that every kit and building and boost and commander, weapon, is of no use and they knew this which is why they dropped the prices, I won my case and got my money https://yournaughtystory.com/blackjack/ver-online-blackjack-21-latino.html if you have proof you can too, good luck email them at once for your money back, they knew cyber would make everything extinct and still sold things which is big fraudulent activity.
Stay away or you going to spend big money.
This company have no regards to customer care.
Having spent £198 to buy gold packs to play the game they change game so the gold you purchased cannot be used.
Was a good game.
But now, after being in the game for 9 months, the cheapest update is £99.
Total rip off and very disappointing I have played this game since 2015, the developers have got more and more greedy over time, game is full of glitches and customer service is a complete joke.
Even when there is a problem due to developers, that cause you to lose your own money they will not compensate you at all.
They sell cheap packs for you to start off then only sell £99 packs there after.
More and more players have left the game to the greed and unprofessional way the developers treat their so called customers.
Do not waste your time or money on this game, you will be ripped off and very disappointed!
Ruined by greedy developers who seriously want you to spend minimum of £100 a week!!!
Shame because the game itself is brilliant.
But imagine investing £30,000 into a game, only for it to be obsolete after a fortnight!!!
Go google it and see for yourself.
I refuse to fall into your stupid greedy trick of taking my money.
I agree with others that it ruined by the frequency of updates.
But these days you can only buy £99 packs and your still out of date within 3 days.
I have just paid £14.
Cyber negates anything that you have previously invested in and basically resets the clock in terms of development and power.
A large number of the members of our alliance have now left because of the cost.
A good game and a good concept ruined by greed.
Amazing game I would recommend YouTube to help u start.
All replies to any complaints submitted are computer generated responses which quite often do not remotely resemble the issue you have raised.
EW will also completely change the game play 1yr after the launch of a new state and ruin the game as you know it, making it unplayable with out you spending large amounts of money to progress.
EW take your money us 888 casino never do anything for you!
Avoid this game at all costs!
But the next day they add something that makes these old packs useless.
If you think you have a chance playing for free you are wrong.
Also we are not talking about a few pounds here it goes up to thousands.
Update: they are still trying to make me come back through speaking, value of king in blackjack advise />You will never be satisfied.
Anyone working for this company is working for a scam.
just click for source creators should be disgusted to look in the mirror but instead they are rolling the cash of the broken and abused.
If you are a parent I strongly advise you to keep your child away from this app too as it could really hurt them mentally and could lead to your money disappearing for nothing.
While the creators are given millions.
It really can ruin lives.
Started off as a great game.
Alas developers appear more interested in players spending more and more money than any actual game enjoyment.
Would recommend anyone to avoid the game.
Not only has this once great game become a joke, you have to spend a fortune just to keep up - seriously, Agree, blackjack cod bo4 think get the idea of pay-to-win, but this game is a cash cow for the devs.
The rules make no sense now, the stats are incomprehensible try almost everything costing over a trillion trillion trillion billion!!!!
And you have to spend money to get that high!
I cant even imagine who still buys packs as everyone is shielded up and nothing very much happens any more.
Maybe there is a small rich elite that fight each other for fun?
Customer service is terrible.
I started playing this when it first came out around 2 years ago.
Spent a small fortune improving my base and commander.
Total waste of time and money.
You will only stay relevant for a few days before more research or mods are brought out leaving you back at square one.
DO NOT pay to play this game!!
I just logged in after 6 months away from the game.
There is only one state now, no action whatsoever!!
Nobody attacking, base levels actually seem to be lower than when I left somehow I had a level 25 base when I left none in sight now!
EW have totally killed this game.
The game play is good but you need unlimited funds.
Be warned you WILL be ripped off!!!!
STAY CLEAR OF THIS GAME!!!!
Scum of the earth company Total waste of money, in the beginning they nailed it perfect game.
Farming and building with realistic timers.
When you get to a certain level it just depends on how deep your pockets are and no one even Arnold Schwarzenegger has pockets that deep.
Some timers are like a billion days, your base rss is restricted to a certain level yet the rss you require is just bonkers.
The only way to progress is to spend money.
£20, £40, £60, £100.
This game is like betting on a blackjack table and the dealer wins every hand.
And I have reported it Spent like 9.
Spent thousands on this game and can no longer open game on my iPad.
Why why why pay to play a game that is no better than a 2p seaside matcheen!
Truly I have played for 2 years and spent Over £3000!!!!!
Gutted the game was never worth playing.
Outrageously frustrating game ever!!!!!!!!
The worst gambling game ever.
No matter how much you spend, the next few hours or days you are among the weakest losers again.
If I had the vip program I would take the developers and anyone associated with them to court and bring them to justice.
Even if you pay you have to pay out so much just to keep up.
This was a great game in the beginning and turned awful when players became to big.
Mobile strike is a good game, or better put, it was a good game.
However do not get this game unless you intend on spending 3-5 hundred each month.
You absolutely cannot progress very far without spending, the packs you need to progress are 100 each and to complete most things you will need 8-10 packs for each stage and there are A LOT of stages.
The game is updating a lot at the moment and each update gets more expensive.
You cannot attack very well, or defend your base at all without staying up to date and current with the game, which leads to heavy expense.
If you are happy to get a base and just farm resource tiles then play on, but if you actually want to get involved then I really would look for an alternative game.
The developers of this game have become extremely greedy and even the top spending current players are leaving the game due to the lack of fun, and the ever increasing costs just to be able to play.
The activity in a lot of states in this game is dying off quickly so there is little to do other than sit and wait for something to happen which is very boring.
Been playing form the start when the game was fin and the online community was great.
Unless you want to burn at least £1000 a month you wil not be able to compete.
The online community is dying out as people leave in their droves and MS do nothing about players who are abusive not those who are simply running scams on their platform.
I have been playing this game for years and all it seems is it want to take your money.
As I say I have played this for years but this is the final straw.
I deleting it and will save my money.
I have been playing mobile strike for a few weeks and laughlin nv in blackjack not spent a single dollar and I am still having a lot of fun, the community is very positive and constructive.
No interest in making it sustainable for normal people wanting a fun place and a way of opening up the world for normal people to chat and play together.
It started out great but guess what won once again.
Was good but now flakey performance terrible menu driven support.
MS do not listen to feedback take forever to respond and all this when you have to pay extortionate prices for packs especially if UK based.
A game now is crap.
You put your ticket in and get back bullcrap.
Game is full off faults you only play to stay in touch with your friends Going down hill fast a game what was the pinnacle of mobile gaming in war and strategy has become the biggest money game ever for free game.
No update No free stuff No point I spent £800 on troop power for it all to be gone on one attack!
So my advice is, stay away.
There are so many people chucking in the towel because of the extreme cost of the packs.
You spend your days and hours button tapping applying and boosting hundreds of boosts, kit, soldiers, traps, and the etc.
You play or battle against someone for a few minutes, then go back to button pressing a few thousand times.
For what this costs to get a high ranking base, you can go and buy a PS4 with bundles of games and have some real online fun, and you have real world value too.
Plus point is the online community.
Everyone is trying to sell but no one buysor quit.
Having been addicted to clash of clans, I got fed up with their new update and changed over this game.
After seeing all the adverts with all the combat and how you use strategies to fight everyone else I braced myself and got going.
No watching the actual battle.
I emailed them and asked if I am missing something and how I watch and get involved in the actual battle, they responded saying they will look into maybe integrating that into the game in the future.
My quest to find a good war game is more exciting.
Update: so decided to keep trying to play and see if it gets better, after months of building and creating troops, I logged in just to find that the game has deleted all my troops and need to train more from scratch.
No battles recorded or anything.
Way to many faults with this game.
This is not an advert for Mobile Strike!
The only way to get the necessary resources and speed ups to make it playable is to pay real money for packs.
Even if you think you will take the slow way they then put in requirements that you cannot get in the game without spending real money like blueprints and certain research files which means you either have to spend or give up the game, cause you cannot compete or defend yourself against those that have spent money This recent update has made the game very unstable and crashes constantly which again makes it intolerable when your trying to co-ordinate attacks, and other bugs are forming which have not been there before Unfortunately, this game has developed in a way that pressure sells in app purchases, and maximises revenues for the developers at the detriment of the gameplay.
Without paying for upgrades it is not possible to reach the ~1 Billion power required to avoid being repeatedly attacked and zeroed.
Without an army of that size, smaller bases are repeatedly just destroyed by a top handful blackjack casino games free slots players.
The developers need to level the playing field, and allow players to only fight bases of similar rank and read article />This game simply allows people with a large quantity of money to buy their way to the top for hundreds of dollars, whilst making free or even https://yournaughtystory.com/blackjack/blackjack-strain-sativa.html play useless in three months a spent £45, and still have a base that is unable to exist without being continuously shielded.
I advise you to read other players comments.
And the one absolute truth about this game which you will read over and over and over again, is this game is based on the size of your wallet.
You have to invest.
You can of course ignore this, pay to download and and try and play for free but be warned you will progress quick at first but then you are required to do some researching the days you have to wait starts of in hrs then progresses to days then years then decades.
Of course this can be reduced by speed ups but you need to spend cash to make any serious headway in this game.
Oh one more thing when you look at the in app purchases it states best 10 in app purchases.
These packs change regularly and most times are a must to succeed.
Lots of glitches at times but a good game when it works.
I have stopped paying for in-app purchases now as my app purchase cost a lot of money for what I got.
A big part of the purchase was missing!
There is no complaints procedure.
I emailed the support team and they asked for proof which I then sent.
No reply for a few days after that, I chased every day.
I got a reply saying a specialist team is now dealing with my complaint,that was over 3 weeks ago.
Still waiting for my reply.
They have lost me as a customer who was will to buy at least 3 times a month.
Extremely bad customer service.
I write this as a veteran of similar games.
The gameplay is slow and clunky, the visuals cluttered and awkward and the balance all over the place.
It is heavily weighted towards spenders and this destroys the longevity of what is already a poor game, by comparison with others.
The worst thing about it, however, is that it does not even hide the fact that it exists solely to push you towards microtransactions.
I am aware that to, maintain a MMO game platform, there must be an income stream, but the best games generate this through their quality and incremental content add-ons, or even optional ads these days, rather than spamming you from the first second you open the app.
Avoid at all costs, no matter how many misleading TV ads you see.
Ok so I been playing this game over a year now.
click is very addictive and will take up lots of your time, but totally worth it if you stick with it.
Now a little about the game itself, OK gameplay and graphics are ok.
Joining rallies, battles fighting for control point all good aspects of the game.
It will become addictive very fast.
Like I say in a sense this is pay to play game.
The devs breach their own terms of use in allowing such behaviour to happen!
Unless you can afford to spend over £10,000 then you are defenceless and will be bullied and abused!
EVERYTIME you make progress a top player will just come along and set you back to the https://yournaughtystory.com/blackjack/real-money-online-blackjack-usa.html />You spend a week building troops that die in 2 seconds of an attack and will take a week to regain for the same attack to come again!
The game robs you of any purchase you make, you buy a gold pack, level up then boom you get attacked and everything gets wiped out resources the lot!
The devs remain action less even though countless players report the breach of terms.
To get into their alliance and be safe you need to spend thousands to do so.
Otherwise you will be bullied and held at ransom to pay them to leave you alone!
I only pop in now and then for the convo, I have no commander and no troops.
I have two accounts on this game.
I had the knowledge that the gold I had would keep my bases safe.
I invested my gold for a month and it built up to a nice sum.
Then my peace shield ran out.
I went to buy one only it no longer cost 45,000 gold it costs 30,000,000 Loyalty.
They told me they would forward to the develops.
Without one you may as well give up.
If you have money to throw at this game.
Please think twice before you start to play.
You could use it for far better causes than a game that will annoy the hell of you.
Would I recommend this game errrmmm.
Not even to my dog.
A very annoyed gamer.
After several month I decided to delete the game.
The game requires you to purchase packs of gold and resources every couple of weeks and each pack costs £79+.
However, the packs are typically designed that you do not complete your developments with only one pack.
Ones you have achieved a certain development state the game installs an update that makes you want to spend more money again.
When you start you get allocated to a state and the players with money quickly outgrow others leaving little chance for weaker players.
Even if you are one of the biggest players you have to rely on your alliance to attack others since one player alone will almost always lose an attack.
If you want a game like this but with a bit more substance get War Dragons.
Or even just start playing Clash of Clans or Boom Beach.
They are 600x more interesting than this.
Save yourself the time and get something better.
Well I think my title says it all This game has become a joke the developers have NO clue what CUSTOMER SERVICE is.
I have sent mz various emails regarding issues we face and the canned answers we get back is not even related to the question asked.
I agree with many in here as I have spent some money on this game but I was away for two weeks on holiday and when I logged in again everything had changed.
To get up to date I would need to spend over £1500 just to cover the 2 weeks absent.
Me and my alliance have given up we quit already as there is no future in this game Unless your a millionaire and have money to burn.
Can you please fix the problem so I can continue to play the game.
I messaged the writers of the game direct as the game shut down in total of 5 hours 22 times they told me to uninstall and re download did that and nothing then they told me to shut down my device I am playing and still nothing so I am trying to see if it is gonna shut down again by loading it in again??
I started playing this around 18 months ago and to start with it was great.
Over the last 6 months it has become all about the money.
A minimum spend of £15 for a pack that has up to 50% of what you need just to withstand a single attack up to £100 for a pack with 80% of what you need.
You are constantly just behind where you need to be no matter how much you spend.
Then we get onto the glitch.
The developers throw so much new stuff in every day but do absolutely blackjack table top uk maintenance blackjack insignia mobile strike the app.
This means that it kicks you out every 5 minutes and completely prevents you from adding certain boosts that you have PAID FOR!
I have recently handed my alliance to another player and quit the game after my fully enhanced base was completely wiped out in a single attack.
An absolute joke of a game purely designed to take your hard earned cash.
I have been playing this game since it was beta version.
This is a real truth.
It is our mistakes to support this glitchy game we should abandon this game from the beginning.
In 1 second you may become a zero account because of programming glitch in the game and this happened a lot last 3 months.
No matter what you spend or Time u spend on the game to upgrade in one minute u r account worth nothing.
I have spent over 20k and today becuz of a glitch in the game my account was zeroed.
Since March 2017 a lot of gamers quit this game continue reading left accounts worth a fortune cuz they are not having any more fun.
Please stay away from such game.
The developers intentionally doing that to make u buying and spending in this game.
I am totally done from this game and bad performance and its servers lagging.
It is impossible to play this game to please blackjack cross country ski club something meaningful level without serious expenditure.
For example, I started playing approx 3 months ago and have spent around £120.
The game does not reward either experience or skill as neither are required if you click the money.
It has the feel of a game that became more successful than anticipated and now; to meet the big Pay to Play expectations; boosts and advantages are heaped upon them than negate any advances made by less affluent players.
This game is horrible they try to get you addicted so they can sell check this out packs that look good.
But the next day they add something that makes these old packs useless.
If you think you have a chance playing for free you are wrong.
Also we are not talking about a few pounds here it goes up to thousands.
Update: they are still trying to make me come back through email.
You will never be satisfied.
Anyone working for this company is working for a scam.
The creators should be disgusted to look in the mirror but instead they are rolling the cash of the broken and abused.
If you are a parent I strongly advise you to keep your child away from this app too as it could really hurt them mentally and could lead to your money disappearing for nothing.
While the creators are given millions.
It really can ruin lives.
This is a direct copy of GoW and the new Final Fantasy with a different skin.
The company behind this Epic Wars, Machine Zone or whatever they call themselves this time are only in it for your money.
They do not care about gameplay and continue to leave their games full of glitches which they will not fix.
They prefer to push out more upgrades that you need to buy to actually play or be competitive in the game.
Packs are prices around £99 to £249 each.
Save yourself the hassle and stay away.
I have been playing for a year.
The game was initially great.
Now, it has turned into a money pit.
The game has always been about taking your money and it was expensive to play packs cost £15, £40 or £80 and you need to buy if you want to play.
Apple have increased the prices by 25% to adjust for the exchange rate.
£100 for one pack that will be out of date in 4 week.
Fool anyone who wants to repeatedly pay for something they do not own and there is nothing to do in the game!
It is very easy to purchase the wrong pack.
Mobile strike are guilty of directing you to buy the wrong pack within the in game links or enticing you into buying one which then does not enable you to achieve what you think it will, so you have to buy another one etc etc.
Their customer service is poor.
If you chase it up they ignore you.
Now they have changed the game so much overnight that, despite paying a lot of money, you can get zeroed quickly.
Last week as a 160 billion power base I could participate and play.
This Is such a shame as it was a good game, but you have been warned.
I have finally learned my lesson.
This game is very fun and addicting!
I came to give it a 5 star rating but as I was reading the reviews it sort of put me down a star.
My reason for this is that the reviews say after a while you have to start paying real life money to get higher levels as the game does not give you enough money after a while so it has made it so you get into the game and because you want to carry on you have to buy the money.
Unfortunately there are a few people saying this.
Please sort this out if true.
I like the demo, not this actual game though.
For example, no sign of any enemy, no sign of them at all.
Because it never stops demanding you build this, then that, then upgrade this, then that.
At no point have I ever been allowed to build what I want to build and when and where I put it.
Played this game for months which was good fun and I enjoyed building my base and battling other players.
Then they decided to reboot the game bringing out cybernetics with a purchase which made all previous buildings, troops and purchases useless.
They also rebooted the currency making platinum the main currency and gold became somewhat redundant.
They have since rebooted the game again bringing in a new state, gold is now completely obsolete as is platinum to a certain extent.
All previous purchases are also pretty much obsolete as the game has shifted to the new state.
The developers are just after your money.
Apple should remove this have from the store.
Completing 1 action, like research, building or training, can sometimes take up to a million days, yes, A MILLION!!
Please please avoid this game, or prepare yourself for huge amounts of frustration and debt.
You cannot and will not progress blackjack insignia mobile strike without spending money.
The spend should be optional but all challenges and extra features etc are only accessible through purchasing in their game store.
For this reason I am rating a 1 star because you are bullied into spending!
Do not download and waste your time!
This game was once great.
However now they have become greedy, more interested in lining their own pockets instead of making this a game a continued enjoyable player experience.
The cost of being able to survive in this game, not compete but only to survive, is 1000s of real money.
If you want to compete and try to get the most out if this game you are looking at 10s of 1000s.
If you have a limit free credit card or a bottomless bank account then you will do very well in this game.
If you are the casual player or not a multimillionaire then avoid this game at all costs!
The developers are interested in 1 think; their profits and not YOUR enjoyment.
They seem to of forgotten that without players there is no profits.
If mobile strategy blackjack cards counting remembers that is should be players then profits then this game can become great again.
If not then it belongs on the scrap heap!
Good gameplay when fighting and trying to get the correct mix of items and troops for success.
As at Sept 2017 the new things you need to buy with real cash are being released on a daily basis.
There is some skill involved, but those who spend the most real money win the battles.
There are some players who have spent thousands in real money, and they can smash even big players at will.
So, good but very very expensive.
In summarybasically a good game concept but spoiled by the greed of the developers.
Unlock cutting-edge assault vehicles, command powerful armies, and put your tactical mind to test against opponents across the globe in this worldwide MMO game!
Join forces with powerful players to create global alliances and conquer enemy territories in the immersive world of Mobile Strike!
No update No free stuff No point This was a excellent game with reasonable price packs at around £4.
STAY AWAY This game is a simple money making scam I have posted several reviews none of which got published.
Been playing form the start when the game was fin and the online community was great.
Unless you want to burn at least £1000 a month you wil not be able to compete.
The online community is dying out as people leave in their droves learn more here MS do nothing about players who are abusive not those who are simply running scams on their platform.
Thousands of pounds is just wrong One sided game aimed at US users, everything is timed for them if your on GMT stay away from this game A game now is crap.
You put your ticket in and get back bullcrap.
Now you can get way higher than that But at £99.
If your not prepared to throw huge amounts of your money at it give it a wide birth.
I spent £800 on troop power for it all to be gone on one attack!
Honestly I have been playing this game for years and all it seems is it want to take your money.
As I say I have played this for years but this is the final straw.
I deleting it and will save my money.
I have been playing mobile strike for a few weeks and have not spent a single dollar and I am still having a lot of fun, the community is very positive and constructive.
No interest in making it sustainable for normal people wanting a fun place and a way of opening up the world for normal people to chat and play together.
It started out great but guess what won once again.
MS do not listen to feedback take forever to respond and all this when you have to pay extortionate prices for packs especially if UK based.
This game constantly crashes and is full of glitches.
In game purchases- items constantly missing from packs you buy.
Worse than the vilest form of drugs, very addictive!
Do not blackjack insignia mobile strike drawn in!
Costs a fortune to play the game.
Got attacked once and total zeroed.
DO NOT download this game.
It should be band This game started with great promise, developing the base, growing with fellow alliance members with brilliant online chat, but then the big money offers became relentless, and essential in order to try and compete.
Even after spending several THOUSANDS buying packs, yes, THOUSANDS, the constant wave of upgrades made it impossible to keep up.
I had hundreds of teammates in this game, now there are almost zero.
The developers have priced any level of competitiveness totally off the scale for all but the extremely wealthy to the point where even reasonably big spenders are leaving in droves.
AND NOT PAY TO PLAY, DONT BOTHER UNLESS YOUR GONNA THROW AWAY A MINIMUM £100 A MONTH!!!
THINK WHAT YOU COULD SPEND A 100 bucks A MONTH ON??
KIDS EDUCATION OR THERE 1ST CAR OR HOUSE DEPOSIT, PAY OFF YOUR DEBTS QUICKER?
AN EXTRA SPECIAL XMAS,ANNIVERSARY OR BIRTHDAY GIFT?
OR MAYBE JUST A SHORT BREAK OR HOLIDAY?
something online 21 blackjack free not POSSIBILITIES ARE ENDLESS.
This game is a rip off and hardly anyone plays anymore.
So go ahead play this game but I guarantee you will get no where unless you spend thousands of your hard earned cash.
You have been warned!
I started playing MS in December 2016, I played for 8 months, after a month or so I was hooked.
It was enjoyable and you get to talk to lots of people and make friends worldwide.
However once I was hooked I wanted to be competitive and lead my alliance to glory!
Over the next 7 months I had spent £30k just to remain competitive and able to compete with the other top players.
Because of the frequency of updates a new player can catch even the best account up with a few large packs, forcing you to continue spending every day to keep ahead.
After £30k and deciding to quit the game my account was useless in just a few days.
I only pop in now and then for the convo, I have no commander and no troops.
Then the minimum payments went from £75 to £99.
Next they say their creating a new zone called mech which was really good.
For 2 payments of £20 you can build a good base and start to get going on it quite well.
And then the cost went up to good old £100 for not much more than the £20 had in them.
Could have bought my Harley by now.
Keep away unless you love being poor.
Like a lot of others I have been playing this game from the start.
It was fun however then the game became greedy.
Which meant after spending £100 on a pack you was then wiped out the next day as a better pack came available to buy.
IF YOU HAVE NOT ALREADY, THEN DOWNLOAD NOW!
DO NOT LISTEN TO THE BOTS SENT FROM OTHER DEVELOPERS OR THOSE STUPID HATERS GET NOW!
Great concept of a game but developers greed has ruined it.
I understand the need to keep things changing in order to keep interest in the game, however it has become too expensive to play, the developers are just too damn greedy.
Should also be marked as 18+ as no child should be subjected to the onslaught of packs £99.
Then they decided to reboot the game bringing out cybernetics with a purchase which made all previous buildings, troops and purchases useless.
They also rebooted the currency making platinum the main currency and gold became somewhat redundant.
They have since rebooted the game again bringing in a new state, gold is now completely obsolete as is platinum to a certain extent.
All previous purchases are also pretty much obsolete as the game has shifted to the new state.
The developers are just after your money.
Apple should remove this have from the store.
Pile of slow crap.
I have two accounts on this game.
I had the knowledge that the gold I had would keep my bases safe.
I invested my gold for a month and it built up to a nice sum.
Then my peace shield ran out.
I went to buy one only it no longer cost 45,000 gold it costs 30,000,000 Loyalty.
They told me they would forward to the develops.
Without one you may as well give up.
wizard of odds blackjack variants you have money to throw at this game.
Please think twice before you start to play.
You could use it for far better causes than a game that will annoy the hell of you.
Would I recommend this game errrmmm.
Not even to my dog.
A very annoyed gamer.
WE SAY NO, DO NOT DOWNLOAD, DO NOT PLAY, THERE IS NOTHING FAIR IN THIS GAME, THETE IS ALSO NO FUN AT ALL, PEOPLE THAT SAY THERE IS ATE LYING TO YOU.
THIS PEOPLE ONLY WANT YOUR MONEY EVERYTHING COSTS 99.
LISTEN ABD READ OTHER REVIEWS, THERE IS NO CUSTOMER SERVICE AT ALL, NO MATTER THE TICKET PROBLE THERE ARE THE SAME FOUR LINES OF RESPONSE, PLEASE GO PLAY ANYTHING ELSE JUST NEVER EVER EVER DOWNLOAD THIS, BY THE END OF THE YEAR IF IT LASTS THAT LONG THE GAME AND COMPANY WILL BE GONE.
From Sept 1st 2017- 31 Dec 2017 the day before cyber was launched and the game got wrecked, if you brought a pack cheap or expensive, this is fraud and your allowed our money back if you can prove you brought it, because of the 1st of jan 18, and cyber launched every single pack brought before that every kit and building and boost and commander, weapon, is of no use and they knew this which is why they dropped the prices, I won my case and got my money back if you have proof you can too, good luck email them at once for your money back, they knew cyber would make everything extinct and still sold things which is big fraudulent activity.
Stay away or you going to spend big money.
This company have no regards to customer care.
Having spent £198 to buy gold packs to play the game they change game so the gold you purchased cannot be used.
Was a good game.
But now, after being in the game for 9 months, the cheapest update is £99.
Total rip off and very disappointing I have played this game since 2015, the developers have got more and more greedy over time, game is full of glitches and customer service is a complete joke.
Even when there is a problem due to developers, that cause you to lose your own money they will not compensate you at all.
They sell cheap packs for you to start off then only sell £99 packs there after.
More and more players have left the game to the greed and unprofessional way the developers treat their so called customers.
Do not waste your time or money on this game, you will be ripped off and very disappointed!
Ruined by greedy developers who seriously want you to spend minimum of £100 a week!!!
Shame because the game itself is brilliant.
But imagine investing £30,000 into a game, only for it to be obsolete after a fortnight!!!
Go google it and see for yourself.
I refuse to fall into your stupid greedy trick of taking my money.
I agree with others that it ruined by the frequency of updates.
But these days you can only buy £99 packs and your still out of date within 3 days.
I have just paid £14.
Cyber negates anything that you have previously invested in and basically resets the clock in terms of development and power.
A large number of the members of our alliance have now left because of the cost.
A good game and a good concept ruined by greed.
Amazing game I would recommend YouTube to help u start.
All replies to any complaints submitted are computer generated responses which quite often do not remotely resemble the issue you have raised.
EW will also completely change the game play 1yr after the launch of a new state and ruin the game as you know it, making it unplayable with out you spending large amounts of money to progress.
EW take your money and never do anything for you!
Avoid this game at all costs!
But the next day they add something that makes these old packs useless.
If you think you have a chance playing for free you are wrong.
Also we are not talking about a few pounds here it goes up to thousands.
Update: they are still trying to make me come back through email.
You will never be satisfied.
Anyone working for this company is working for a scam.
The creators should be disgusted to look in the mirror but instead they are rolling the cash of the broken and abused.
If you are a parent I strongly advise you to keep your child away from this app too as it could really hurt them mentally and could lead to your money disappearing for nothing.
While the creators are given millions.
It really can ruin lives.
Started off as a great game.
Alas developers appear more interested in players spending more and more money than any actual game enjoyment.
Would recommend anyone to avoid the game.
Not only has this once great game become a joke, you have to spend a fortune just to keep up - seriously, I get the idea of pay-to-win, but this game is a cash cow for the devs.
The rules make no sense now, the stats are incomprehensible try almost everything costing over a trillion trillion trillion billion!!!!
And you have to spend money to get that high!
I cant even imagine who still buys packs as everyone is shielded up and nothing very much happens any more.
Maybe there is a small rich elite that fight each other for fun?
Customer service is terrible.
I started playing this when it first came out around 2 years ago.
Spent a small fortune improving my base and commander.
Total waste of time and money.
You will only stay relevant for a few days before more research or mods are brought out leaving you back at square one.
DO NOT pay to play this game!!
I just logged in after 6 months away from the game.
There is only one state now, no action whatsoever!!
Nobody attacking, base levels actually seem to https://yournaughtystory.com/blackjack/is-blackjack-21-pokerist.html lower than when I left somehow I had a level 25 base when I left none in sight now!
EW have totally killed this game.
The game play is good but you need unlimited funds.
Be warned you WILL be ripped off!!!!
STAY CLEAR OF THIS GAME!!!!
Scum of the earth company Total waste of money, in the beginning they nailed it perfect game.
Farming and building with realistic timers.
When you get to a certain level it just depends on how deep your pockets are and no one even Arnold Schwarzenegger has pockets that deep.
Some timers are like a billion days, your base rss is restricted to a certain level yet the rss you require is just bonkers.
The only way to progress is to spend money.
£20, £40, £60, £100.
This game is like betting click to see more a blackjack table and the dealer wins every hand.
And I have reported it Spent like 9.
Spent thousands on this game and can no longer open game on my iPad.
Why why why pay to play a game that is no better than a 2p seaside matcheen!
Truly I have played for 2 years and spent Over £3000!!!!!
Gutted the game was never worth playing.
Outrageously frustrating game ever!!!!!!!!
The worst gambling game ever.
No matter how much you spend, the next few hours or days see more are among the just click for source losers again.
If I had the money I would take the developers and anyone associated with them to court and bring them to justice.
Even if you pay you have to pay out so much just to keep up.
This was a great game in the beginning and turned awful when players became to big.
Mobile strike is a good game, or better put, it was a good game.
However do not get this game unless you intend on spending 3-5 hundred each month.
You absolutely cannot progress very far without spending, the packs you need to progress are 100 each and to complete most things you will need 8-10 packs for each stage and there are A LOT of stages.
The game is updating a lot just click for source the moment and each update gets more expensive.
You cannot attack very well, or defend your base at all without staying up to date and current with the game, which leads to heavy expense.
If you are happy to get a base and just farm resource tiles then play on, but if you actually want to get involved then I really would look for an alternative game.
The developers of this game have become extremely greedy and even the top spending current players are leaving the game due to the lack of fun, and the ever increasing costs just to be able to play.
The activity in a lot of states in this game is dying off quickly so there is little to do other than sit and wait for something to happen which is very boring.
Been playing form the start when the game was fin and the online community was great.
Unless you want to burn at least £1000 a month you wil not be able to compete.
The online community is dying out as people leave in their droves and MS do nothing about players who are abusive not those who are simply running scams on their platform.
I have been playing this game for years and all it seems is it want to take your money.
As I say I have played this for years but this is the final straw.
I deleting it and will save my money.
I have been playing mobile strike for a few weeks and have not spent a single dollar and I am still having a lot of fun, the community is very positive and constructive.
No interest in making it sustainable for normal people wanting a fun place and a way of opening up the world for normal people to chat and play together.
It started out great but guess what won once again.
Was good but now flakey performance terrible menu driven support.
MS do not listen to feedback take forever to respond and all this when you have to pay extortionate prices for packs especially if UK based.
A game now is crap.
You put your ticket in and get back bullcrap.
Game is full off faults you only play to stay in touch with your friends Going down hill fast a game what was the pinnacle of mobile gaming in war and strategy has become the biggest money game ever for free game.
No update No free stuff No point I spent £800 on troop power for it all to be gone on one attack!
So my advice is, stay away.
There are so many people chucking in the towel because of the extreme cost of the packs.
You spend your days and hours button tapping applying and boosting hundreds of boosts, kit, soldiers, traps, and the etc.
You play or battle against someone for a few minutes, then go back to button pressing a few thousand times.
For what this costs to get a high ranking base, you can go and buy a PS4 with bundles of games and have some real online fun, and you have real world value too.
Plus point is the online community.
Everyone is trying to sell but no one buysor quit.
Having been addicted to clash of clans, I got fed up with their new update and changed over this game.
After seeing read article the adverts with all the combat and how you use strategies to fight everyone else I braced myself and got going.
No watching the actual battle.
I emailed them and asked if I am missing something and how I watch and get involved in the actual battle, they responded saying they will look into maybe integrating that into the game in the future.
My real blackjack to find a good war game is more exciting.
Update: so decided to keep trying to play and see if it gets better, after months of building and creating troops, I logged in just to find that the game has deleted all my troops and need to train more from scratch.
No battles recorded or anything.
Way to many faults with this game.
This is not an advert for Mobile Strike!
The only way to get the necessary resources and speed ups to make it playable is to pay real money for packs.
Even if you think you will take the slow way they then put in requirements that you cannot get in the game without spending real money like blueprints and certain research files which means you either have to spend or give up the game, cause you cannot compete or defend yourself against those that have spent money This recent update has made the game very unstable and crashes constantly which again makes it intolerable when your trying to co-ordinate attacks, and other bugs are forming click at this page have not been there before Unfortunately, this game has developed in a way that pressure sells in app purchases, and maximises revenues for the developers at the detriment of the gameplay.
Without paying for upgrades it is not possible to reach the ~1 Billion power required to avoid being repeatedly attacked and https://yournaughtystory.com/blackjack/blackjack-hand-interaction.html />Without an army of that size, smaller bases are repeatedly just destroyed by a top handful of players.
The developers need to level the playing field, and allow players to only fight bases of similar rank and size.
This game simply allows people with a large quantity of money to buy their way to the top for hundreds of dollars, whilst making free or even paid play useless in three months a spent £45, and still have a base that is unable to exist without being continuously shielded.
I advise you to read other players comments.
And the one absolute truth about this game which you will read over and over and over again, is this game is based on the size of your wallet.
You have to invest.
You can of course ignore this, pay to download and and try and play for free but be warned you will progress quick at first but then you are required to do some researching the days you have to wait starts of in hrs then progresses to days then years then decades.
Of course this can be reduced by speed ups but you need to spend cash to make any serious headway in this game.
Oh one more thing when you look at the in app purchases it states best 10 in app purchases.
These packs change regularly and most times are a must to succeed.
Lots of glitches at times but a good game when it works.
I have stopped paying for in-app purchases now as my app purchase cost a lot of money for what I got.
A big part of the purchase was missing!
There is no complaints procedure.
I emailed the support team and they asked for proof which I then sent.
No reply for a few days after that, I chased every day.
I got a reply saying a specialist team is now dealing with my complaint,that was over 3 weeks ago.
Still waiting for my reply.
They have lost me as a customer who was will to buy at least 3 times a month.
Extremely bad customer service.
I write this as a veteran of similar games.
The gameplay is slow and clunky, the visuals cluttered and awkward and the balance all over the place.
It read more heavily weighted towards spenders and this destroys the longevity of what is already a poor game, by comparison with others.
The worst thing about it, however, is that it does not even hide the fact that it exists solely to push you towards microtransactions.
I am aware that to, maintain a MMO game platform, there must be an income stream, but the best games generate this through their quality and incremental content add-ons, or even optional ads these days, rather than spamming you from the first second you open the app.
Avoid at all costs, no matter how many misleading TV ads you see.
Ok so I been playing this game over a year now.
It is very addictive and will take up lots of your time, but totally worth it if you stick with it.
Now a little about the game itself, OK gameplay and graphics are ok.
Joining rallies, battles fighting for control point all good aspects of the game.
It will become addictive very fast.
Like I say in a sense this is pay to play game.
The devs breach their own terms of use in allowing such behaviour to happen!
Unless you can afford to spend over £10,000 then you are defenceless and will be bullied and abused!
EVERYTIME you make progress a top player will just come along and set you back to the beginning!
You spend a week building troops that die in 2 seconds of an attack and will take a week to regain for the same attack to come again!
The game robs you of any purchase you make, you buy a gold pack, level up then boom you get attacked and everything gets wiped out resources the lot!
The devs remain action less even though countless players report the breach of terms.
To get into their alliance and be safe you need to spend thousands to do so.
Otherwise you will be bullied and held at ransom to pay them to leave you alone!
I only pop in now and then for the convo, I have no commander and no troops.
I have two accounts on this game.
I had the knowledge that the gold I had would keep my bases safe.
I invested my gold for a month and it built up to a nice sum.
Then my peace shield ran out.
here went to buy one only it no longer cost 45,000 gold it costs 30,000,000 Loyalty.
They told me they would forward to the develops.
Without one you may as well give up.
If you have money to throw at this game.
Please think twice before you start to play.
You could use it for far better causes than a game that will annoy the hell of you.
Would I recommend this game errrmmm.
Not even to my dog.
A very annoyed gamer.
After several month I decided to delete the game.
The game requires you to purchase packs of gold and resources every couple of weeks and each pack costs £79+.
However, the packs are typically designed that you do not complete your developments with only one pack.
Ones you have achieved a certain development state the game installs an update that makes you want to spend more money again.
When you start you get allocated to a state and the players with money quickly outgrow others leaving little chance for weaker players.
Even if you are one of the biggest players you have to rely on your alliance to attack others since one player alone will almost always lose an attack.
If you want a game like this but with a bit more substance get War Dragons.
Or even just start playing Clash of Clans or Boom Beach.
They are 600x more interesting than this.
Save yourself the time and get something better.
Well I think my title says it all This game has become a joke the developers have NO clue what CUSTOMER SERVICE is.
I have sent mz various emails regarding issues we face and the canned answers we get back is not even related to the question asked.
I agree with many in here as I have spent some money on this game but I was away for two weeks on holiday and when I logged in again everything had changed.
To get up to date I would need to spend over £1500 just to cover the 2 weeks absent.
Me and my alliance have given up we quit already as there is no future in this game Unless your a millionaire and have money to burn.
Can you please fix the problem so I can continue to play the game.
I messaged the writers of the game direct as the game shut down in total of 5 hours 22 times they told me to uninstall and re download did that and nothing then they told me to shut down my device I am playing and still nothing so I am trying to see if it is gonna shut down again by loading it in again??
I started playing this around 18 months ago and continue reading start with it was great.
Over the last 6 months it has become all about the money.
A minimum spend of £15 for a pack that has up to 50% of what you need just to withstand a single attack up to £100 for a pack with 80% of what you need.
You are constantly just behind where you need to be no matter how much you spend.
Then we get onto the glitch.
The developers throw so much new stuff in every day but do absolutely no maintenance on the app.
This means that it kicks you blackjack insignia mobile strike every 5 minutes and completely prevents you from adding certain boosts that you have PAID FOR!
I have recently handed my alliance to another player and quit the game after my fully enhanced base was completely wiped out in a single attack.
An absolute joke of a game purely designed to take your hard earned cash.
I have been playing this game since it was beta version.
This is a real truth.
It is our mistakes to support this glitchy game we should abandon this game from the beginning.
In 1 second you may become a zero account because of programming glitch in the game and this happened a lot last 3 months.
No matter what you spend or Time u spend on the game to upgrade in one minute u r account worth nothing.
I have spent over 20k and today becuz of a glitch in the game my account was zeroed.
Since March 2017 a lot of gamers quit this game and left accounts worth a fortune cuz they are not having any more fun.
Please stay away from such game.
The developers intentionally doing that to make u buying and spending in this game.
I am totally done from this game and bad performance and its servers lagging.
It is impossible to play this game to any meaningful level without serious expenditure.
For example, I started playing approx 3 months ago and have spent around £120.
The game does not reward either https://yournaughtystory.com/blackjack/21-blackjack-jugar-gratis.html or skill as neither are required if you spend the money.
It has the feel of a game that became more successful than anticipated and now; to meet the big Pay to Play expectations; boosts and advantages are heaped upon them than negate any advances made by less affluent players.
This game is horrible they try to get you addicted so they can sell you packs that look good.
But the next day they add something that makes these old packs useless.
If you think you have a chance playing for free you are wrong.
Also we are not talking about a few pounds here it goes up to thousands.
Update: they are still trying to make me come back through email.
You will never be satisfied.
Anyone working for this company is working for a scam.
The creators should be disgusted to look in the mirror but instead they are rolling the cash of the broken and abused.
If you are a parent I strongly advise you to keep your child away from this app too as it could really hurt them mentally and could lead to your money disappearing for nothing.
While the creators are given millions.
It really can ruin lives.
This is a direct copy of GoW and the new Final Fantasy with a different skin.
The company behind this Epic Wars, Machine Zone or whatever they call themselves this time are only in it for your money.
They do not care about gameplay and continue to leave their games full of glitches which they will not fix.
They prefer to push out more upgrades that you need to buy to actually play or be competitive in the game.
Packs are prices around £99 to £249 each.
Save yourself the hassle and stay away.
I have been playing for a year.
The game was initially great.
Now, it has turned into a money pit.
The game has always been about taking your money https://yournaughtystory.com/blackjack/count-cards-blackjack-trainer.html it was expensive to play packs cost £15, £40 or £80 and you need to buy if you want to play.
Apple have increased the prices by 25% to adjust for the exchange rate.
£100 for one pack that will be out of date in 4 week.
Fool anyone who click here to repeatedly pay for something they do not own and there is nothing to do in the game!
It is very easy to purchase the wrong pack.
Mobile strike are guilty of directing you to buy the wrong pack within the in game links or enticing you into buying one which then does not enable you to achieve what you think it will, so you have to buy another one etc etc.
Their customer service is poor.
If you chase it up they ignore you.
Now they have changed the game so much overnight that, despite paying a lot of money, you can get zeroed quickly.
Last week as a 160 billion power base I could participate and play.
This Is such a shame as it was a good game, but you have been warned.
I have finally learned my lesson.
This game is very fun and addicting!
I came to give it a 5 star rating but as I was reading the reviews it sort of put me down a star.
My reason for this is that the reviews say after a while you have to start paying real life money to get higher levels as the game does not give you enough money after a while so it has made it so you get into the game and because you want to carry on you have to buy the money.
Unfortunately there are a few people saying this.
Please sort this out if true.
I like the demo, not this actual game though.
For example, no sign of any enemy, no sign of them at all.
Because it never stops demanding you build this, then that, then upgrade this, then that.
At no point have I ever been allowed to build what I want to build and when and where I put it.
Played this game for months which was good fun and I enjoyed building my base and battling other players.
Then they decided to reboot the game bringing out cybernetics with a purchase which made all previous buildings, troops and purchases useless.
They also rebooted the currency making platinum the main currency and gold became somewhat redundant.
They have since rebooted the game again bringing in a new state, gold is now completely obsolete as is platinum to a certain extent.
All previous purchases are also pretty much obsolete as the game has shifted to the new state.
The developers are just after your money.
Apple should remove this have from the store.
Completing 1 action, like research, building or training, can sometimes take up to a million days, yes, A MILLION!!
Please please avoid this game, or prepare yourself for huge amounts of frustration and debt.
You cannot and will not progress enough without spending money.
The spend should be optional but all challenges and extra features etc are only accessible through purchasing in their game store.
For this reason I am rating a 1 star because you are bullied into spending!
Do not download and waste your time!
This game was once great.
However now they have become greedy, more interested in lining their own pockets instead of making this a game a continued enjoyable player experience.
The cost of being able to survive in this game, not compete but only to survive, is 1000s of real money.
If you want to compete and try to get the most out if this game you are looking at 10s of 1000s.
If you have a limit free credit card or a bottomless bank account then you will do very well in this game.
If you are the casual player or not a multimillionaire then avoid this game at all costs!
The developers are interested in 1 think; their profits and not YOUR enjoyment.
They seem to of forgotten that without players there is no profits.
If mobile strike remembers that is should be players then profits then this game can become great again.
If not then it belongs on the scrap heap!
Good gameplay when fighting and trying to get the correct mix of items and troops for success.
As at Sept 2017 the new things you need to buy with real cash are being released on a daily basis.
There is some skill involved, but those who spend the most real money win the battles.
There are some players who have spent thousands in real money, and they can smash even big players at will.
So, good but very very expensive.
In summarybasically a good game concept but spoiled by the greed of the developers.

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